Gyeongin Line

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Gyeongin Line
The Gyeongin Line near Jemulpo Station in 2008
Native name 경인선(京仁線)
Type Heavy rail, Passenger/Freight rail
Commuter rail
Status Operational
Locale Seoul
Termini Guro
Stations 21
Line number 301 (KR)
Opened 18 September 1899 (1899-09-18)
Owner Korea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s) Korail
Line length 27.0 km (16.8 mi)
Number of tracks Double track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV/60 Hz AC Overhead lines
Route map

Gyeongin-Line KORAIL.PNG

Gyeongbu Line
0.0 Guro
Gyeongbu Line
Seoul Metro Line 1.svg
National Route 1
1.4 Guil
2.4 Gaebong
3.7 Oryu-dong
For Gyeonggi Chemical
National Route 46
5.6 Onsu Seoul Metro Line 7.svg
6.9 Yeokgok
8.4 Sosa
9.5 Bucheon
National Route 39
Former Gimpo Line
11.2 Jung-dong
12.2 Songnae
Seoul Ring Expressway
13.4 Bugae
14.9 Bupyeong  1 
16.6 Baegun
18.1 Dongam
19.3 Ganseok
20.5 Juan
Gyeongin Expressway
21.5 Dohwa
Former Juin Line
22.5 Jemulpo
23.9 Dowon
25.1 Dongincheon (Former Sangincheon)[1]
For Port of Incheon
27.0 IncheonSeoul Metro Line 1.svg terminus
Gyeongin Line
Hangul 경인선
Hanja 京仁線
Revised Romanization Gyeong-in-seon
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏng-in-sŏn

The Gyeongin Line (Gyeonginseon) is a railway mainline in South Korea, currently connecting Guro Station in Seoul and Incheon. Commuter services along the line through operates into Seoul Subway Line 1.


Opening ceremony in 1899

The Gyeongin Line was the first railway line built on the Korean peninsula. It was opened by the Gyeongin Railway Company between Noryangjin, on the shore of the Han River across from Seoul, Geumchon, in Incheon, on September 18, 1899.[2] Soon after, the line was extended across the Han River into Seoul Station, and beyond Geumchon to the port of Incheon. When the construction of the Gyeongbu Line was completed from Busan to Guro on January 1, 1905, the Seoul-Guro section of the Gyeongin Line became part of the Gyeongbu Line.[2] The remaining Gyeongin Line from Guro to Incheon is 27.0 km (16.8 mi) long.[2]

Following the 1961 coup, the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction started South Korea's first five-year plan, which included a construction program to complete the railway network, to foster economic growth.[3] As part of the program, from November 1963, two additional tracks were laid to the north of the existing tracks from Yeongdeungpo Station on the Gyeongbu Line to Dongincheon Station.[3] The 27.8 km (17.3 mi) of new tracks, also called Gyeonginbuk Line, entered service on September 18, 1965.[3]

The line was among the first in South Korea to be electrified with the 25 kV/60 Hz AC catenary system, when two tracks over the 38.9 km (24.2 mi) between Seoul and Incheon entered service on August 15, 1974, for the Seoul Subway Line 1.[4] Electrification of the second two tracks started with the 14.9 km (9.3 mi) from Guro to Bupyeong, which went into service on January 29, 1999.[4] The 5.6 km (3.5 mi) until Juan followed on March 15, 2002, and the final 6.6 km (4.1 mi) on December 21, 2005.[4]


Korail operated regular passenger service along the Gyeongin Line until the electrification of the line in the early 1970s, when passenger service was integrated into Seoul Subway Line 1. Line 1 trains using the Gyeongin Line provide up to ten trains an hour per direction, with services towards Guro, Cheongnyangni, Dongmyo, Seongbuk, Chang-dong, Uijeongbu, Yangju, Dongducheon and Soyosan.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Japanese Government Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, p 483
  2. ^ a b c "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  3. ^ a b c "철마 110년, 영고의 자취 [12] 경제개발과 철도" (in Korean). Silvernet News. 2010-03-20. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  4. ^ a b c "Electricity Almanac 2009" (PDF). Korea Electric Association. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  5. ^ "Timetable (Incheon)". SMRTC. Retrieved 2010-11-30.