Gyeongsang Province

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Gyeongsang Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 경상도
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Gyeongsang-do
 • McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngsang-do
Short name transcription(s)
 • Hangul 경상
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Gyeongsang
 • McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngsang
Gyeongsang Province of Late Joseon Dynasty.png
Country Korea
Region Yeongnam
Dialect Gyeongsang

Gyeongsang (Korean: 경상도, Gyeongsang-do; Korean pronunciation: [kjʌŋ.saŋ.do]) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon dynasty. Gyeongsang was located in the southeast of Korea.

The provincial capital was Daegu. The region was the birthplace of Silla, traditionally considered the first unified Korean country in Korean history, and its current boundaries correspond roughly to that kingdom's early boundaries. The region also has a significant role in modern Korean history, since six previous South Korean presidents (Park Chung-hee, Roh Tae-woo, Chun Doo-hwan, Kim Young-sam, Roh Moo-hyun and Park Geun-hye), as well as the current president (Moon Jae-in), were born in the Gyeongsang region.

Today, the region is divided into 5 administrative divisions: the three independent cities of Busan, Daegu and Ulsan, and the two provinces of Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gyeongsangnam-do. The largest city in the region is Busan, followed by Daegu. Sub-regionally, the region is also divided into Gyeongbuk and Gyeongnam. Gyeongbuk consists of Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do, while Gyeongnam consists of Busan, Ulsan and Gyeongsangnam-do.

History[edit]

The predecessor to Gyeongsang Province was formed during the Goryeo Dynasty, replacing the former provinces of Yeongnam, Sannam and Yeongdong.

Gyeongsang acquired its current name in 1314. The name derives from names of the principal cities of Gyeongju (경주; 慶州) and Sangju (상주; 尙州).

In 1895, Gyeongsang Province was replaced by the Districts of Andong (Andong-bu; 안동부; 安東府) in the north, Daegu (Daegu-bu; 대구부; 大邱) in the centre, Jinju (Jinju-bu; 진주부; 晉州府) in the southwest, and Dongnae (Dongnae-bu; 동래부; 東萊府; modern-day Busan) in the southeast.

In 1896, Andong, Daegu, and northern Dongnae Districts were merged to form North Gyeongsang Province, and Jinju and southern Dongnae Districts were merged to form South Gyeongsang Province. North and South Gyeongsang are today part of South Korea.

Language[edit]

People of Gyeongsang province (south and north) use Korean, but their intonation and vocabulary are a little different from Korea's standard Seoul language (Pyo-jun-eo) in several ways. Their language is called 'Yeoungnam Dialect'. Yeongnam dialect is classified into several dialects. For example, Busan dialect is slightly different from Andong dialect and Uljin dialect.

example of different intonation and vocabulary -difference of vocabulary

  • Key

Seoul language: 열쇠(yeolsoe) Gyeongsang dialect(in Busan): 쇳대(soetdae)

  • Whole, every, all

Seoul language: 모두, 언제나, 항시(modu, eonjaena, hang-si) Gyeongsang dialect(in Yaecheon county): 마카(maka)

  • Why do you do that?(asking reason of an action-sentence)

Seoul language: 왜 그래요?/왜 그러세요?(Whae guraeyo?/Whae gurosaeyo?) Gyeongsang dialect(in Gyeongsang Nam-do, Busan, Ulsan): 와 그랑교?(Wa Guranggyo?) in Andong, Yecheon, Yeongcheon(in Northern Gyeongsang Buk-do): 와 그리니껴?(Wa Gurinikkyeo?)

Geography[edit]

Gyeongsang Province was bounded on the west by Jeolla and Chungcheong Provinces, on the north by Gangwon Province, on the south by Korea Strait, and on the east by the Sea of Japan. The region is ringed by the Taebaek and Sobaek Mountains and is drained by the Nakdong River.

The largest cities in the region are Busan, Daegu, and Ulsan. Other cities of note are Gyeongju (the former capital of Silla), Andong, Yeongju, Sangju, Gimcheon, Miryang, Gimhae, Changwon (the capital of South Gyeongsang), Masan, and Jinju.

The Gyeongsang region as a whole is often referred to by the regional and former provincial name of "Yeongnam" (The term "Yeongdong" is applied today to Gangwon Province).

Politics[edit]

Gyeongsang Province was the base of left wing in the liberation regime and was the most progressive region in Korea. In the third presidential election in South Korea, which was tainted by corruption, the liberal party's Cho Bong-am was the dominant candidate. However, the McCarthy attack on Park Chung-hee of the Democratic Party in 1963 after the political upheaval worsened the sentiment of voters in the left-wing region and began to turn political trends into conservatism. Park Chung-hee, who won the election, poured almost all of South Korea's resources into the capital and Gyeongsang provinces, during which time the Gyeongsang provinces made rapid progress, and began to be purged by most progressive intellectuals in the northern Daegu area. On the other hand, Gyeongsangnam-do, under the influence of Kim Young-sam, has maintained a progressive style of politics, as before, except for the remote western population. Kim Dae-jung at the president election in 1987, Kim Young Sam, the failure in unification with tongil the second half, when Democratic Party accept the consequences that crashed into the third largest party in parliamentary elections the following year.Now attributable neither to break through the political situation to eye level and Democratic Justice Party, which turned out to be conducted by the name of the Democratic Liberal Party. As a result, Gyeongsang-do has become a complete base of remuneration. But as time goes by, the story changes. Almost the only one objected at the Democratic Liberal Party and little Thapa regionalism is Roh Moo-hyun to go into the Democratic Party will be to continue with membership in the Democratic Party in a transparent election.Out. Even in the 16th general elections, he ran for Busan, which was almost certain to lose by abandoning the gubernatorial district, which resulted in Uri winning Kim Hae-kap/saha in the 17th general elections. Gyeongsang Province is Roh Moo-hyun to the Democratic Liberal Party in a little bit fast heart opened the door. Time went very fast. Elected on his back a legacy of Park Chung-hee bakkeunhyegwa, Park Geun-hye, a gate choesunsil. The whole nation was angry. So was Gyeongsang Province. Especially in eastern South Gyeongsang Province such as Busan. In the 19th presidential election, and in the 7th local elections, the Gyeongsangnam-do region returned to the pre-Three Party and became the base of the Democratic Party, the last remaining Free Korea Party, and a contending region.

External links[edit]