North Gyeongsang Province

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Coordinates: 36°15′N 128°45′E / 36.250°N 128.750°E / 36.250; 128.750

North Gyeongsang Province
경상북도
Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • McCune‑Reischauer Kyŏngsang-bukto
 • Revised Romanization Gyeongsangbuk-do
Flag of North Gyeongsang Province
Flag
Official logo of North Gyeongsang Province
Logo
Location of North Gyeongsang Province
Country South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Capital Andong
Subdivisions 10 cities; 13 counties
Government
 • Governor Kim Kwan-yong
Area
 • Total 19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Population (October, 2014)[1]
 • Total 2,700,328
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 141.7/km2 (367/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • Flower Crape-myrtle
 • Tree Zelcova
 • Bird Common heron
Dialect Gyeongsang
Website gb.go.kr

North Gyeongsang Province (Korean: 경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.

Daegu was the capital of North Gyeongsang Province between 1896 and 1981, but has not been a part of the province since 1981. In 2016, the provincial capital moved from Daegu to Andong.[2]

The area of the province is 19,030 square kilometres (7,350 sq mi), 19.1% of the total area of South Korea.[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, and on the north by Gangwon-do Province. During the summer, Gyeongsangbuk-do is perhaps the hottest province in South Korea. This is helped by the fact that the province is largely surrounded by mountains: the Taebaek Mountains in the east and the Sobaek Mountains in the west.

Culture[edit]

Gyeongsangbuk-do is the homeland of the former kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition. A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province.

Religion[edit]






Circle frame.svg

Religion in North Gyeongsang (2005)[4]

  Not religious (47.5%)
  Buddhism (33.9%)
  Protestantism (11.5%)
  Catholicism (7.1%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of North Gyeongsang 33.9% follow Buddhism and 18.6% follow Christianity (11.5% Protestantism and 7.1% Catholicism).[4] 47.5% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 10 cities (si) and 13 counties (gun). The names below are given in English, hangul, and hanja.

Night view of Pohang


Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2013)[5] Subdivisions
North Gyeongsang Municipal.svg
Specific City
1 Pohang 포항시 浦項市 519,060 2 ilban-gu — 4 eup, 10 myeon, 15 haengjeong-dong
City
2 Gumi 구미시 龜尾市 417,708 2 eup, 6 myeon, 19 haengjeong-dong
3 Gyeongsan 경산시 慶山市 247,613 2 eup, 6 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
4 Gyeongju 경주시 慶州市 263,704 4 eup, 8 myeon, 11 haengjeong-dong
5 Andong 안동시 安東市 167,826 1 eup, 13 myeon, 10 haengjeong-dong
6 Gimcheon 김천시 金泉市 135,191 1 eup, 14 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
7 Yeongju 영주시 榮州市 112,482 1 eup, 9 myeon, 9 haengjeong-dong
8 Sangju 상주시 尙州市 103,950 1 eup, 17 myeon, 6 haengjeong-dong
9 Yeongcheon 영천시 永川市 101,295 1 eup, 10 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong
10 Mungyeong 문경시 聞慶市 75,749 2 eup, 7 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong
County
11 Chilgok County 칠곡군 漆谷郡 120,135 3 eup, 5 myeon
12 Uiseong County 의성군 義城郡 56,777 1 eup, 17 myeon
13 Uljin County 울진군 蔚珍郡 51,723 2 eup, 8 myeon
14 Yecheon County 예천군 醴泉郡 45,948 1 eup, 11 myeon
15 Cheongdo County 청도군 淸道郡 43,787 2 eup, 7 myeon
16 Seongju County 성주군 星州郡 44,824 1 eup, 9 myeon
17 Yeongdeok County 영덕군 盈德郡 40,213 1 eup, 8 myeon
18 Goryeong County 고령군 高靈郡 35,281 1 eup, 7 myeon
19 Bonghwa County 봉화군 奉化郡 33,936 1 eup, 9 myeon
20 Cheongsong County 청송군 靑松郡 26,432 1 eup, 7 myeon
21 Gunwi County 군위군 軍威郡 24,104 1 eup, 7 myeon
22 Yeongyang County 영양군 英陽郡 18,259 1 eup, 5 myeon
23 Ulleung County 울릉군 鬱陵郡 10,557 1 eup, 2 myeon

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://rcps.egov.go.kr:8081/ageStat.do?command=month
  2. ^ "도로망 구축 10조 원, 경북도청 신청사 지역의 위용(사진)" (in Korean). Huffington Post. 2016-02-15. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  3. ^ 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b 2005 Census - Religion Results
  5. ^ 2013년 1분기 주민등록인구현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 

External links[edit]