Gyeongwon Line

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Gyeongwon Line
Korail Gyeongwon Line.png
Native name 경원선 (京元線)
Type Heavy rail, Passenger/Freight
Regional rail, Commuter rail
Status Operarional
Locale Seoul
Termini Yongsan
Stations 37
Opened Stages between 1911–1914
Owner Korea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s) Korail
Line length 94.4 km (58.7 mi)
Number of tracks Double track (Yongsan–Dongducheon)
Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV/60 Hz AC Catenary
Route map
Gyeongbu Line, Seoul Metro Line 1.png
Yongsan Line,  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
0.0 Yongsan
Gyeongbu Line
1.9 Ichon Seoul Metro Line 4.png
3.6 Seobinggo
5.5 Hannam
Seoul Metro Line 3.png
7.1 Oksu
7.7 Sucheolli Closed in 1944
8.9 Eungbong
10.3 Wangsimni  Bundang 
Seoul Metro Line 2.png Seoul Metro Line 5.png
Seoul Metro Line 1.png
Cheongnyangni Rail Yard
12.7 Cheongnyangni
14.1 Hoegi
Jungang Line
14.9 Hankuk Univ. of Foreign Studies
15.7 Sinimun
Mangu Line,  Gyeongchun 
Imun Rail Yard
The former Gyeongchun Line
17.1 Seokgye Seoul Metro Line 6.png
18.2 Kwangwoon Univ.
The former Gyeongchun Line
19.3 Wolgye
20.7 Nokcheon
21.7 Changdong Seoul Metro Line 4.png
23.4 Banghak
24.7 Dobong
Seoul Metro Line 7.png
25.9 Dobongsan
Seoul Metro Line 7.png
Seoul Ring Expressway
28.2 Mangwolsa
29.6 Hoeryong
U Line
31.2 Uijeongbu
U Line
32.4 Gareung
Gyooe Line
33.7 Nogyang
35.3 Yangju
Jungnang Stream
37.5 Majeon Signal Box
40.9 Deokkye
43.5 Deokjeong
49.1 Jihaeng
50.1 Dongducheon Central Station
51.5 Bosan
53.1 Dongducheon
55.6 Soyosan
59.7 Choseongni
Hantan River
62.7 Hantangang
65.2 Jeongok
73.8 Yeoncheon
77.4 Sinmangri
84.4 Daegwangri
88.8 Sintalli
94.4 Baengmagoji
Geumgangsan Line
98.1 Cheorwon closed
103.1 Woljeongni closed
ROKDPRK border
113.1 Gagok closed
119.9 P'yŏnggang
Kangwon Line
Gyeongwon Line
Hangul 경원선
Hanja 京元線
Revised Romanization Gyeongwonseon
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngwŏnsŏn

The Gyeongwon Line is a railway line serving northeastern Gyeonggi Province in South Korea. The line is operated by Korail. The name of the line came from Gyeongseong (Seoul) and Wonsan, the original terminus of the line in what is now North Korea.


The Gyeongwon line was opened along its full length between Yongsan Station in Seoul and Wonsan on August 16, 1914.[1] This line was extended as follows:

Date Section Length
15 October 1911 YongsanUijeongbu 31.3 km
21 July 1912 Uijeongbu–Yeoncheon 42.7 km
21 October 1912 Yeoncheon–Cheorwon 24.1 km
10 July 1913 Cheorwon–Pokkye 25.6 km
21 August 1913 Yongjiwon (Ryongjiwon)–Wonsan 49.6 km
25 September 1913 Pokkye–Kŏmbullang 15.7 km
21 October 1913 Kosan–Ryongjiwon 6.5 km
21 June 1914 Kŏmbullang–Sepo (Sep'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn) 12.2 km
16 August 1914 Sepo–Kosan 26.0 km

The division of Korea cut the line in half in 1945. The South Korean part of the line is 88.8 km (55.2 mi) long between Yongsan and Sintan-ri.[1]

Following the 1961 coup, the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction started South Korea's first five-year plan, which included a construction program to complete the railway network, to foster economic growth.[2] As part of the program, in the outskirts of Seoul, a 4.9 km (3.0 mi) long avoiding line was built from Kwangwoon University to Mangu on the Jungang Line, called the Mangu Line, which opened on December 30, 1963.[2]


The section of the Gyeongwon Line in the Seoul metropolitan area was among the first to be electrified with the 25 kV/60 Hz AC catenary system in South Korea when it was integrated into Seoul Subway Line 1. Further sections were electrified and Line 1 services was extended in the 1980s and then in the 2000s:[3]

Section Length Electrified rail operation commenced
Cheongnyangni–Kwangwoon Univ. 5.6 km August 15, 1974
YongsanCheongnyangni 12.6 km December 9, 1978
Seongbuk–Chang-dong 3.6 km April 25, 1985
Chang-dong–Uijeongbu 9.4 km September 2, 1986
then Uijeongbu Bukbu
1.2 km October 5, 1987
Ganeung–Soyosan 23.2 km December 15, 2006

Altogether 55.6 km (34.5 mi) of the line was electrified, and 53.1 km (33.0 mi) was double-tracked.[1]

On September 1, 2010, the South Korean government announced a strategic plan to reduce travel times from Seoul to 95% of the country to under 2 hours by 2020. As part of the plan, the Gyeongwon Line is to be further upgraded until Uijeongbu for 230 km/h and may see KTX service.[4]

In 2012 restoration of the line was completed between Sintan-ri Station and Cheorwon Station.[5]

Major stations[edit]

North Korean section[edit]

The North Korean section, between Pyonggang and Wonsan has been extended northwards to Kowon[6] and now forms the Kangwon Line.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Retrieved 2015-09-17. 
  2. ^ a b "철마 110년, 영고의 자취 [12] 경제개발과 철도" (in Korean). Silvernet News. 2010-03-20. Retrieved 2015-09-17. 
  3. ^ "Electricity Almanac 2009" (PDF). Korea Electric Association. Retrieved 2015-09-17. 
  4. ^ "Bullet trains coming to a town near you by 2020". JoongAng Daily. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  5. ^ "History". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2015-09-17. 
  6. ^ Road map of Korea, North and South, published December 2010 by Freytag and Berndt, Vienna, Austria, ISBN 978-3-7079-0974-6
  • Japanese Government Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, pp 495-496

External links[edit]

Media related to Gyeongwon Line at Wikimedia Commons