Budapest Children's Railway

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Gyermekvasút
Train with children staff at Hűvösvölgy station
Overview
StatusIn service
TerminiSzéchenyi-hegy
Hűvösvölgy
Stations7
Operation
Opened1948
OwnerHungarian State Railways (MÁV)
Operator(s)Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
Technical
Track length11.2 km (7.0 mi)
Track gauge760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in)
Operating speed20 km/h (12 mph)
Route map
0 Széchenyi-hegy
0.8 Normafa mh.
1.7 Csillebérc
formerly Úttörőváros
3.0 Virágvölgy
ex-Előre
4.5 Jánoshegy
5,7 Vadaspark mh.
Viaduct over Budakeszi út
6.7 Szépjuhászné
formerly Ságvári-liget
Kishárshegy mh.
closed
8.7 Hárshegy
Tunnel
Viaduct over Nagykovácsi út
11.2 Hűvösvölgy

The Gyermekvasút (English: Children's Railway) or Line 7 is a narrow gauge railway line in Budapest, which connects Széchenyihegy [hu] and Hűvösvölgy [hu] and is 11.2 kilometres (7.0 mi) long. The former name of the line was Úttörővasút (Pioneer Railway, in reference to the communist scouts), and now the official designation is MÁV Zrt. Széchenyi-hegy Gyermekvasút. Except the train driver, all of the posts are operated by children aged 10–14[1] under adult supervision.[2] It is the world's largest children's railway.[2]

The Széchenyihegy terminus of the Gyermekvasút is a 250 metres (820 ft) walk from the upper terminus of the Budapest Cog Railway, whilst the Hűvösvölgy terminus is adjacent to the Budapest tram terminus of the same name.

History[edit]

In 1947, the Hungarian State Railways (MÁV) company decided that a railway operated by children would be built. For the railway construction several sites were considered, including the neighbourhood of the Gödöllő Palace, Margaret Island, and the Népliget, but finally in 1948 the Hungarian Communist Party choose the Buda Hills. The construction started on 11 April 1948.

The first section, from Széchenyi-hegy to Előre station (now Virágvölgy) was inaugurated on 31 July 1948. The second section, to Ságváriliget (now Szépjuhászné), was completed one year later, and the last section, to Hűvösvölgy, was opened on 20 August 1950.[3]

During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 the railway was closed but was not damaged. It reopened on 3 February 1957.[4]

A museum at Hűvösvölgy station displays some items from the Communist period.[5]

Stations[edit]

Station Connection
Széchenyi-hegy Logo tramway-budapest.svg 60
Normafa BKV busz symbol.svg 21 21A
Csillebérc BKV busz symbol.svg 21
Virágvölgy
János-hegy
Vadaspark
Szépjuhászné BKV busz symbol.svg 22 22A 222
Hárs-hegy
Hűvösvölgy Logo tramway-budapest.svg 56 56A 59B 61

BKV busz symbol.svg 29 57 63 64 64A 157 157A 164 257 264

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Children's Railway". Lonely Planet.
  2. ^ a b "Introduction". Children's Railway. Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  3. ^ "Part 6: The third section". Children's Railway.
  4. ^ "Part 7: First decade of operation". Children's Railway.
  5. ^ "Children's Railway". visitbudapest.travel. Archived from the original on 3 February 2020.

External links[edit]