The Gymnasium Erasmianum is a school in Rotterdam (also known under its Dutch name "Erasmiaans Gymnasium").
Founded in 1328, it is the second oldest school in the Netherlands with recorded date of establishment (after the Johan de Witt-gymnasium in Dordrecht, established 1253). The privilege to found a Latin school was granted to the town of Rotterdam before Rotterdam received full city rights and therefore the school predates the birth of the city itself by nearly twenty years. It was renamed in 1842, after the famous Rotterdam theologian and humanist Desiderius Erasmus (1466–1536). The school is more than a century older than its namesake, and it is unclear whether he attended it.
The school was located at the corner of the Coolsingel and the Laurensstraat until 1937, nowadays C&A, a clothing store, is located at that place, and the school at the Wytemaweg. In May 1940, Rotterdam was heavily bombed by the German aggressor, but the school building survived miraculously. During the war, the occupying German troops used the building as one of their headquarters.
In the Netherlands, there are several levels of secondary education, the highest being the vwo, pre-university secondary education. In the past decades, many schools have merged with schools of higher or lower levels to form wide-scope community schools. Some gymnasiums, such as the Gymnasium Erasmianum are among the few remaining high-level-only schools, and has managed to avoid merging because of its high number of students. Another special property of Gymnasia is that they offer compulsory classes in the ancient languages Latin and Ancient Greek.
The school is widely known for its great number of foreign students. There are more foreign students at the Gymnasium Erasmianum than at any other Gymnasium in the Netherlands.
The school serves 1,170 students and 80 teachers. The school's motto is "Ex Pluribus Unum", meaning "unity through diversity".
- Gijs van Aardenne, politician
- Harry Borghouts, Queen's Commissioner in the province North Holland
- Jacob Clay, scientist
- Daan Bovenberg, professional footballer
- Edsger W. Dijkstra, computer scientist
- Robbert Dijkgraaf, scientist
- Ida Gerhardt, a student of Leopold and poet as well
- Alfred Kossmann, poet and prose writer
- E.H. Kossmann, historian
- Herman Johannes Lam, botanist
- Ramsey Nasr, poet and actor
- Jan Romein, journalist and historian
- Ebru Umar, columnist
- Johan Witteveen, economist, politician, and author
The RGB (Rotterdamse Gymnasiasten Bond) is the school's society, organized by the students for the students. Every year the RGB organizes parties, theater, music and dance evenings and several cultural events.
The RGB has its own anthem in Latin:
- Vivat haec societas
- Gaudium quae paret.
- Semper floreat et crescat,
- Longe et late clara fiat,
- Vivat haec societas
- Erasmi Alumnorum.
- Vivant semper Socii
- In sodalitate.
- Vivant tutor et fautores,
- Virgines et amatores,
- Vivat haec societas
- Erasmi Alumnorum
Every year the students elect a new board for the Bond. Any senior student on the school can be elected. The board consists of several functions, with a Latin name:
- Praeses; president
- Quaestor; treasurer
- Ab-actis; secretary
- Vice-Praeses; vice-president
- Cultus; organizer of cultural events
- Sporticus; organizer of sport events
- Assessor; creates posters, memberships cards, and event tickets
Other than the RGB, there are several active organizations on the Gymnasium Erasmianum, organised by the school's board, teachers and students alike. Some examples are;
- De Tolle lege: the school's own newspaper.
- Koinothrex: A group of students who arrange a camp for the first class once a year.
- Debatingsociety Pro et Contra: The society organizes debates available to the whole school. Every year they go to several tournaments.
- The LLR: The Leerlingenraad is an organization in which students are given the possibility to have a say in the decisions made at the school
- The MR: the medezeggenschapsraad
- Semper Floreat: a society for alumni
- The Ouderraad: an organization which grants parents the possibility to make some changes to the school.
- De Techniek: a group of students responsible for the technical support of events on school.
- The Remix-Crew: A group of students that organize a musical event called 'Remix' twice a year
- Stedelijk Gymnasium 's-Hertogenbosch first mentioned in 1274 and Stedelijk Gymnasium Leiden first mentioned in 1323 may also be older, but their exact date of establishment is unrecorded
- http://www.erasmiaans.nl/uploads/fckeditor/schoolgids0910.pdf (Dutch)
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- (Dutch) Erasmiaans Gymnasium, official website