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Gymnocladus dioicus Desoto.jpg
Kentucky coffeetree, Gymnocladus dioicus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Gymnocladus

G. burmanicus
G. chinensis
G. dioicus

Gymnocladus (Neo-Latin, from Greek γυμνὀς, gymnos, naked + κλάδος, klados, branch)[1] is a small genus of leguminous trees. The common name coffeetree is used for this genus.[2]


Gymnocladus species are very large, deciduous trees with bipinnate leaves.

The greenish-white flowers only appear after long periods of warm weather. Very long legumes are formed that hang from the branches. The species of this genus are predominantly distributed endochorically.


There are three species:[3][4]

Image Name Common Name Distribution
Gymnocladus burmanicus Dekang tree India
Gymnocladus chinensis soap tree central China.
Gymnocladus dioicus 1.JPG Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffeetree Midwest and Upper South of North America.


  1. ^ Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Gymnocladus" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
  2. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Gymnocladus". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  3. ^ LegumeWeb genus list
  4. ^ PFAF: Gymnocladus