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Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Gymnospermium
Type species
Gymnospermium altaicum

Gymnospermium is a group of tuberous flowering plants in the barberry family described as a genus in 1839.[1][3] It is native to temperate Europe and Asia.[4][5]



  1. ^ a b Spach, Édouard. 1839. Histoire Naturelle des Végétaux. Phanérogames 8: 66-68 partly in French, partly in Latin
  2. ^ Tropicos, Gymnospermium Spach
  3. ^ Kubitzki, Klaus; Rohwer, Jens G.; Bittrich, Volker. Flowering plants, dicotyledons: magnoliid, hamamelid, and caryophyllid families. Springer. p. 149.
  4. ^ Flora of China Vol. 19 Page 799 牡丹草属 mu dan cao shu Gymnospermium Spach
  5. ^ Catalogue of Life, Gymnospermium
  6. ^ The Plant List, Gymnospermium