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Gymnosporia montana W IMG 3566.jpg
G. montana in Andhra Pradesh, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Celastrales
Family: Celastraceae
Genus: Gymnosporia
(Wight & Arn.) Hook.f.
Old fruit and seed of G. tenuispina

Gymnosporia is an Old World genus of plants, that comprise suffrutices, shrubs and trees.[1] It was formerly considered congeneric with Maytenus, but more recent investigations separated it based on the presence of achyblasts (truncated branchlets) and spines, alternate leaves or fascicles of leaves, an inflorescence that forms a dichasium, mostly unisexual flowers, and fruit forming a dehiscent capsule, with an aril on the seed.[1]


The genus occurs in all of Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands, southern Spain, the Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, southern China, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, Malesia, and in Queensland, Australia.[1] In the Afrotropical region the two main centers of diversity are in the south and the northeast.


The genus includes some 102 species:[2]


  1. ^ a b c Marie Prins; van Wyk, A. E. (2003). "Reinstatement of Gymnosporia (Celastraceae): implications for the Flora Malesiana region". Telopea. 10 (1): 155–167. 
  2. ^ "Gymnosporia". The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 

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