Turkey moray

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Turkey moray
Gymnothorax meleagris.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Muraenidae
Genus: Gymnothorax
Species: G. meleagris
Binomial name
Gymnothorax meleagris
(G. Shaw, 1795)

The turkey moray (Gymnothorax meleagris),also known as the guineafowl moray or as the white-mouth/whitemouth moray is a species of marine fish in the family Muraenidae.

Description[edit]

The turkey moray is a medium size moray which can reach a maximum length of 120 cm, but specimens usually encountered are much smaller.[1] Its serpentine in shape body has a dark brown to black background color dotted with numerous small white spots uniformly distributed. The inside of its mouth is completely white.

Distribution & habitat[edit]

The white-mouth moray is widespread throughout the Indo-Pacific area from eastern coast of Africa, Red Sea included, until Polynesia and Hawaii and from south Japan to New Caledonia.[2] This is a relatively rare moray even within its distribution area except in Hawaii , where it seems to be common.[3]

It likes shallow waters from lagoons and reefs rich in coral and fish life until 36 meters (118 feet) deep,[4] spending time in holes in the reef to quickly emerge to grasp passing fish by surprise attack. They sense prey by detecting smell through the water.

Biology[edit]

The turkey moray seems to be equally active day and night and feeds on small fish and occasionally crustaceans.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
  2. ^ Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
  3. ^ http://doris.ffessm.fr/fiche2.asp?fiche_numero=1565
  4. ^ Kuiter, R.H., 1998. Photo guide to fishes of the Maldives. Atoll Editions, Victoria, Australia. 257 p.
  5. ^ Hobson, E.S., 1974. Feeding relationships of teleostean fishes on coral reefs in Kona, Hawaii. Fish. Bull. 72(4):915-1031.

External links[edit]