Gymnothorax pictus

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Gymnothorax pictus
Gymnothorax pictus.jpg
Scientific classification
G. pictus
Binomial name
Gymnothorax pictus
(Ahl, 1789)

Gymnothorax pictus, the painted moray, paintspotted moray or peppered moray, is a moray eel. The Chamorro name of the eel is títugi.[1]


Muraena picta Achilles 172.jpg

The species is pale with purplish speckles, which gather together with age. Young of the species have no spots or bars; they are pale purplish with white bellies.[2] Its maximum length is 140 cm. The peppered moray eats small fish and crustaceans.[3] G. pictus is similar to Gymnothorax griseus.[4] While hunting for prey, they may be completely out of the water or may leap out of water.[5] It is dangerous to eat because it is poisonous.[6]


The peppered moray was named and described by Solander in an unpublished manuscript. Richardson said the fish might be Muraena siderea. Richardson later proved the fish was different by pointing out the difference in coloration. When the names were published as separate species, it was unknown if they were really different species. Kuep gave the species name as Sidera pantherina. Blecker later changed it to its current name. The reason why the name is still the same is because of all three people's work.[7]


The peppered moray can commonly be found in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific and from islands of the tropical Eastern Pacific. They can also be found in very shallow water on reef flats.[8] Places where the species has been found include Suva Reef, the Fiji Islands,[9] Clarion Island, and the Revillagigedo Islands.[10]


  1. ^ Topping, Donald M.; Pedro M. Ogo; Bernadita C. Dungca (1975). Chamorro-English Dictionary. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 204, 251.
  2. ^ Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries, Volume 25. The Bureau, Govt. Print. Off. 1906. p. 198.
  3. ^ "Gymnothorax pictus (Ahl, 1789)". FishBase. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  4. ^ Multiple authors (2004). Coastal fishes of Southern Africa. NISC (PTY) LTD. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-920033-01-9.
  5. ^ S. Grove, Jack; J. Lavenberg, Robert (1997). The fishes of the Galápagos Islands. Stanford University Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-8047-2289-6.
  6. ^ Multiple authors (1990). A color atlas of dangerous marine animals. CRC Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-8493-7139-4.
  7. ^ Academy of Natural Sciences. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences (Vol. 152, 2002). Academy of Natural Sciences. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-4379-5551-4.
  8. ^ "Peppered Moray, Gymnothorax pictus (Ahl, 1789)". Australian Museum. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  9. ^ Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology (1901). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. The Museum. p. 239.
  10. ^ Multiple authors (1905). Shore fishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos islands. The Academy. p. 347.