Gynura bicolor

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Gynura bicolor
Gynura bicolor vegetable (hongfeng cai 紅鳳菜).png
Hongfeng cai 紅鳳菜 plant
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Senecioneae
Genus: Gynura
Species: G. bicolor
Binomial name
Gynura bicolor
(Roxb. ex Willd.) DC. 1838
  • Cacalia bicolor Roxb. ex Willd.
  • Gynura angulosa Hance
  • Senecio bicolor Sch.Bip.
  • Senecio moluccanus Roxb.

Gynura bicolor, hongfeng cai 紅鳳菜, okinawan spinach or edible gynura, is a member of the chrysanthemum family (Asteraceae). It is native to China, Thailand, and Myanmar but grown in many other places as a vegetable and as a medicinal herb.[2]

There are two kinds: one that is green on both sides, and another with leaves that are green on the top and purple underneath. Both kinds are considered medicinal vegetables. Gynura bicolor is a perennial and therefore found for sale throughout the year; however, winter and spring is the best time.[citation needed]


Gynura bicolor is rich in iron and potassium, calcium, vitamin A, etc. According to Chinese food grouping, Gynura bicolor is a 'cool' food,[3] so the leaves are stir-fried with sesame oil and ginger (both 'hotter' foods) to achieve a balance. The stems and roots of the plant can also be made into tea by boiling with water. Choose leaves with few bruises and without black stains.[citation needed] In Japan, Gynura bicolor is eaten as local vegetable in Ishikawa, Kumamoto and Okinawa and so on, blanched lightly and served with ponzu, as an ingredient of miso soup, or tempura.[citation needed]


Taking cuttings is very easy.[4]


  1. ^ The Plant List, Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC.
  2. ^ Flora of China, Gynura bicolor (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Candolle, 1838. 红凤菜 hong feng cai
  3. ^ "Chinese Kitchen" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  4. ^ "Taking cuttings". GreenTaiwan. Retrieved 2012-12-16.

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