Gynura procumbens

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Gynura procumbens
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Gynura
G. procumbens
Binomial name
Gynura procumbens
(Lour.) Merr. 1923
  • Cacalia cylindriflora Wall.
  • Cacalia finlaysoniana Wall.
  • Cacalia procumbens Lour. 1790
  • Cacalia reclinata Roxb.
  • Cacalia sarmentosa Lesch. ex Blume
  • Crassocephalum baoulense (Hutch. & Dalziel) Milne-Redh.
  • Crassocephalum latifolium S.Moore
  • Gynura affinis Turcz.
  • Gynura agusanensis Elmer
  • Gynura baoulensis Hutch. & Dalziel
  • Gynura buntingii S.Moore
  • Gynura cavaleriei Levl.
  • Gynura clementis Merr.
  • Gynura finlaysoniana DC.
  • Gynura latifolia (S.Moore) Elmer
  • Gynura lobbiana Turcz.
  • Gynura piperi Merr.
  • Gynura pubigera Bold.
  • Gynura sarmentosa (Blume) DC.
  • Gynura scabra Turcz.
  • Senecio baoulensis A.Chev.
  • Senecio mindoroensis Elmer

Gynura procumbens (also known as sabuñgai or sambung nyawa[2][3]), sometimes called "longevity spinach" or "longevity greens", is an edible vine found in China, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Leaves are ovate-elliptic or lanceolate, 3.5 to 8 centimetres (1+13 to 3+16 in) long, and 0.8 to 3.5 centimetres (13 to 1+13 in) wide. Flowering heads are panicled, narrow, yellow, and 1 to 1.5 centimetres (13 to 23 in) long.[4][5] The plant grows wild but is also cultivated as a vegetable or medicinal plant. Its young leaves are used for cooking, such as with meat and prawns in a vegetable soup.[6]


  1. ^ The Plant List, Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.
  2. ^ Bhore, Subhash J.; Ravichantar, Nithya; Loh, Chye Ying (1 November 2010). "Screening of endophytic bacteria isolated from leaves of Sambung Nyawa [Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.] for cytokinin-like compounds". Bioinformation. 5 (5): 191–197. doi:10.6026/97320630005191. ISSN 0973-2063. PMC 3040498. PMID 21364796.
  3. ^ Rosidah, null; Yam, Mun Fei; Sadikun, Amirin; Ahmad, Mariam; Akowuah, Gabriel Akyirem; Asmawi, Mohd Zaini (22 June 2009). "Toxicology evaluation of standardized methanol extract of Gynura procumbens". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 123 (2): 244–249. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2009.03.011. ISSN 1872-7573. PMID 19429368.
  4. ^ Flora of China, Gynura procumbens (Loureiro) Merrill, 1923. 平卧菊三七 ping wo ju san qi
  5. ^ Merrill, Elmer Drew. 1923. Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants 3: 618
  6. ^ Tanaka, Yoshitaka; Van Ke, Nguyen (2007). Edible Wild Plants of Vietnam: The Bountiful Garden. Thailand: Orchid Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-9745240896.

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