Gynura procumbens

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Gynura procumbens
Gynura procumbens - Botanical Garden in Kaisaniemi, Helsinki - DSC03650.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Senecioneae
Genus: Gynura
Species: G. procumbens
Binomial name
Gynura procumbens
(Lour.) Merr. 1923

Gynura procumbens (Also known as Sabuñgai or Sambung Nyawa[2][3]), sometimes called "longevity spinach," is an edible vine found in China, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Leaves are ovate-elliptic or lanceolate, 3.5 to 8 centimeters long, and 0.8 to 3.5 centimeters wide. Flowering heads are panicled, narrow, yellow, and 1 to 1.5 centimeters long.[4][5] The plant grows wild but is also cultivated as a vegetable or medicinal plant. Its young leaves are used for cooking, such as with meat and prawns in a vegetable soup.[6]

Medical uses[edit]

Gynura procumbens leaves extract have good properties for contrasting diabetes[7][8][9][10][11], by improving insulin sensibility and inhibit gluconeogenesis in the liver.

Other medical properties from different extracts include antimicrobial[12], anticarcirogenic[13], antiinflammatory[14] and antihypertensive[15][16].


  1. ^ The Plant List, Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.
  2. ^ Bhore, Subhash J.; Ravichantar, Nithya; Loh, Chye Ying (1 November 2010). "Screening of endophytic bacteria isolated from leaves of Sambung Nyawa [Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr.] for cytokinin-like compounds". Bioinformation. 5 (5): 191–197. ISSN 0973-2063. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Rosidah, null; Yam, Mun Fei; Sadikun, Amirin; Ahmad, Mariam; Akowuah, Gabriel Akyirem; Asmawi, Mohd Zaini (22 June 2009). "Toxicology evaluation of standardized methanol extract of Gynura procumbens". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 123 (2): 244–249. ISSN 1872-7573. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2009.03.011. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  4. ^ Flora of China, Gynura procumbens (Loureiro) Merrill, 1923. 平卧菊三七 ping wo ju san qi
  5. ^ Merrill, Elmer Drew. 1923. Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants 3: 618
  6. ^ Tanaka, Yoshitaka; Van Ke, Nguyen (2007). Edible Wild Plants of Vietnam: The Bountiful Garden. Thailand: Orchid Press. p. 50. ISBN 9745240893. 
  7. ^ Choi, Sung-In; Park, Mi Hwa; Han, Ji-Sook (2016). "Gynura procumbens Extract Alleviates Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Diabetic Mice". Preventive Nutrition and Food Science. 21 (3): 181–186. ISSN 2287-1098. doi:10.3746/pnf.2016.21.3.181. Retrieved 8 October 2017. These results suggest that G. procumbens extract may help alleviate postprandial hyperglycemia by inhibiting carbohydrate digesting enzymes 
  8. ^ Choi, Sung-In; Lee, Hyun-Ah; Han, Ji-Sook (2016). "Gynura procumbens extract improves insulin sensitivity and suppresses hepatic gluconeogenesis in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice". Nutrition Research and Practice. 10 (5): 507–515. ISSN 1976-1457. doi:10.4162/nrp.2016.10.5.507. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  9. ^ Algariri, Khalid; Atangwho, Item Justin; Meng, Kuong Yow; Asmawi, Mohd Zaini; Sadikun, Amirin; Murugaiyah, Vikneswaran (2014). "Antihyperglycaemic and Toxicological Evaluations of Extract and Fractions of Gynura procumbens Leaves". Tropical Life Sciences Research. 25 (1): 75–93. ISSN 1985-3718. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Algariri, Khalid; Meng, Kuong Y.; Atangwho, Item J.; Asmawi, Mohd Z.; Sadikun, Amirin; Murugaiyah, Vikneswaran; Ismail, Norhyati (2013). "Hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic study of Gynura procumbens leaf extracts". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 3 (5): 358–366. ISSN 2221-1691. doi:10.1016/S2221-1691(13)60077-5. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  11. ^ al., Hassan Z , et. "Antidiabetic properties and mechanism of action of Gynura procumbens water extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. - PubMed - NCBI". Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  12. ^ Jarikasem, Siripen; Charuwichitratana, Somyot; Siritantikorn, Sontana; Chantratita, Wasan; Iskander, Magdy; Frahm, August Wilhelm; Jiratchariyakul, Weena (2013). "Antiherpetic Effects of Gynura procumbens". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM. 2013: 394865. ISSN 1741-427X. doi:10.1155/2013/394865. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  13. ^ Hew, Chaw-Sen; Khoo, Boon-Yin; Gam, Lay-Harn (2013). "The anti-cancer property of proteins extracted from Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr". PloS One. 8 (7): e68524. ISSN 1932-6203. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068524. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  14. ^ Iskander, M. N.; Song, Y.; Coupar, I. M.; Jiratchariyakul, W. (2002). "Antiinflammatory screening of the medicinal plant Gynura procumbens". Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands). 57 (3-4): 233–244. ISSN 0921-9668. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  15. ^ Kim, Mi-Ja; Lee, Hee Jae; Wiryowidagdo, Sumali; Kim, Hye Kyung (2006). "Antihypertensive effects of Gynura procumbens extract in spontaneously hypertensive rats". Journal of Medicinal Food. 9 (4): 587–590. ISSN 1096-620X. doi:10.1089/jmf.2006.9.587. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  16. ^ Tan, Hui-Li; Chan, Kok-Gan; Pusparajah, Priyia; Lee, Learn-Han; Goh, Bey-Hing (2016). "Gynura procumbens: An Overview of the Biological Activities". Frontiers in Pharmacology. 7: 52. ISSN 1663-9812. doi:10.3389/fphar.2016.00052. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 

External links[edit]