|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Named for||Gypsum Creek|
|• Total||0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)|
|• Land||0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,227 ft (374 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (440/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|FIPS code||20-29250 |
|GNIS ID||476963 |
For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.
In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1860, Saline County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Gypsum.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 405 people, 162 households, and 111 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,125.0 inhabitants per square mile (434.4/km2). There were 187 housing units at an average density of 519.4 per square mile (200.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 0.5% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.
There were 162 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.5% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.2% male and 52.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 414 people, 158 households, and 111 families residing in the city. The population density was 956.5 people per square mile (371.7/km²). There were 179 housing units at an average density of 413.6 per square mile (160.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.17% White, 1.21% African American, 0.24% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.
There were 158 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,833, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $27,000 versus $17,386 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,440. About 4.1% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Gypsum government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Monday of each month at 7 pm.
Gypsum schools were closed through school unification. The Gypsum High School mascot was Pirates.
- Steve Fritz (b1967), 4th place in 1996 Olympic decathlon, assistant coach for the Kansas State University track and field team for 21 years.
- Bill Wheatley (1909-1992), basketball player who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics with the American basketball team that won a gold medal.
- Frank Wilkeson (1848-1913), New York Times journalist and Washington explorer who owned a large ranch in Gypsum for nearly forty years and is buried in the town.
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Gypsum, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- History of the Temple Society Archived June 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Heim, Michael (2007). Exploring Kansas Highways. p. 57.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Nussle, Jim (November 20, 2008). "Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (PDF format). List 1-9. Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President. p. 97. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
- Gypsum - Directory of Public Officials Archived August 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "USD 306 Southeast of Saline". USD 306. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- Kansas School District Boundary Map Archived July 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (PDF format).
- "The good ole days", The Salina Journal, 1 December 1994, p.17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gypsum, Kansas.|
- USD 306, local school district
- Gypsum City Map, KDOT