Spring salamanders

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Spring salamanders
Gyrinophilus po(1).jpg
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Plethodontidae
Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
Genus: Gyrinophilus
Cope, 1869[1]
4 species (see text)

The spring salamanders are a genus, Gyrinophilus, of salamanders in the family Plethodontidae. The genus is endemic to the Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States and Canada.[2] Their habitat is under rocks in cold, clear springs, in wet caves, and in streams in forested areas.


This genus consists of these species:[2][3]

Binomial name and author Common name
Gyrinophilus gulolineatus
Brandon, 1965
Berry Cave salamander
Gyrinophilus palleucus
McCrady, 1954
Tennessee cave salamander
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus
(Green, 1827)
Spring salamander
Gyrinophilus subterraneus
Besharse & Holsinger, 1977
West Virginia spring salamander


  1. ^ Cope, E. D. (1869). "A review of the species of Plethodontidae and Desmognathidae". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 21: 93–118. 
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Gyrinophilus Cope, 1869". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Plethodontidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.