# Gyroelongated triangular cupola

Gyroelongated triangular cupola
Type Johnson
J21 - J22 - J23
Faces 1+3x3+6 triangles
3 squares
1 hexagon
Edges 33
Vertices 15
Vertex configuration 3(3.4.3.4)
2.3(33.6)
6(34.4)
Symmetry group C3v
Dual polyhedron -
Properties convex
Net

In geometry, the gyroelongated triangular cupola is one of the Johnson solids (J22). It can be constructed by attaching a hexagonal antiprism to the base of a triangular cupola (J3). This is called "gyroelongation", which means that an antiprism is joined to the base of a solid, or between the bases of more than one solid.

The gyroelongated triangular cupola can also be seen as a gyroelongated triangular bicupola (J44) with one triangular cupola removed. Like all cupolae, the base polygon has twice as many sides as the top (in this case, the bottom polygon is a hexagon because the top is a triangle).

A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex polyhedra that have regular faces but are not uniform (that is, they are not Platonic solids, Archimedean solids, prisms, or antiprisms). They were named by Norman Johnson, who first listed these polyhedra in 1966.[1]

## Formulae

The following formulae for volume and surface area can be used if all faces are regular, with edge length a:[2]

${\displaystyle V=({\frac {1}{3}}{\sqrt {{\frac {61}{2}}+18{\sqrt {3}}+30{\sqrt {1+{\sqrt {3}}}}}})a^{3}\approx 3.51605...a^{3}}$

${\displaystyle A=(3+{\frac {11{\sqrt {3}}}{2}})a^{2}\approx 12.5263...a^{2}}$

## Dual polyhedron

The dual of the gyroelongated triangular cupola has 15 faces: 6 kites, 3 rhombi, and 6 pentagons.

Dual gyroelongated triangular cupola Net of dual

## References

1. ^ Johnson, Norman W. (1966), "Convex polyhedra with regular faces", Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 18: 169–200, doi:10.4153/cjm-1966-021-8, MR 0185507, Zbl 0132.14603.
2. ^ Stephen Wolfram, "Gyroelongated triangular cupola" from Wolfram Alpha. Retrieved July 22, 2010.