From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from HÉV)
Budapesti Helyiérdekű Vasút (BHÉV)
OwnerMÁV-HÉV Zrt. (public ownership)
LocaleBudapest metropolitan area, Hungary
Transit typeCommuter rail/rapid transit
Number of lines4 (+1 branch line)
Number of stations69
Operator(s)MÁV-HÉV Zrt.
System length97.0 km
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)

BHÉV (Budapesti Helyiérdekű Vasút, "Budapest Railway of Local Interest") is a system of four commuter rail lines (Szentendre HÉV, Gödöllő HÉV, Csömör HÉV and Ráckeve HÉV) and rapid transit (Csepel HÉV and Békásmegyer HÉV (part of the Szentendre HÉV)) lines in and around Budapest, Hungary. The BHÉV operates on standard gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) ), and is electrified at 1100 V DC.

The BHÉV lines were constructed as branch lines of the Hungarian State Railways. Helyiérdekű vasút (HÉV), literally "railway of local interest", is a general term in Hungarian traffic. Therefore, like internationally with the term metro, the stations are only marked with H or HÉV, though this is not the full name of the system. The five BHÉV lines are operated by the public transport company MÁV-HÉV Zrt., a subsidiary of Hungarian State Railways. Inside Budapest, standard BKK tickets and passes are valid on the BHÉV. Outside Budapest, a separate ticket must be purchased.

Lines and developments[edit]

Line Name Route Date of
of stations
Ride time (end
stn. to end stn.)
Base station (Budapest) End station
Szentendrei HÉV Batthyány tér Szentendre 17 August 1888 20.9 17 38-40 minutes
Ráckevei HÉV Közvágóhíd Ráckeve 7 August 1887 40.3 22 69-75 minutes
Csepeli HÉV Boráros tér Csepel 29 April 1951 6.7 6 13-15 minutes

Gödöllői HÉV
Csömöri HÉV
Örs vezér tere Gödöllő
20 July 1888 24.7
46-53 minutes
23-25 minutes
Total: 97.0 69


HÉV terminus at Szentendre
HÉV interior

The BHÉV lines connect Csepel (south), Ráckeve (far south), Gödöllő (northeast), and Szentendre (north) with various points of central Budapest. The four BHÉV lines are not connected directly, each originating from a different terminus, but all of them are connected to the national network enabling transfers of rolling stock. The BHÉV is a hybrid between a commuter rail and a rapid transit. Although most of its stations are above ground and outdoor, two are located underground (Batthyány tér and Margit híd, budai hídfő).


The BHÉV lines are planned to become integrated into the metro network. The Szentendre, Ráckeve and Csepel lines are slated to be merged into what is called the metro line 5 (North-South Regional rapid railway). The connection will be made by an underground line between the Kaszásdűlő and Lágymányosi bridge stations, and extended in order to reach the center of Pesterzsébet. The Urban and Suburban Transit Association (Városi és Elővárosi Közlekedési Egyesület) has presented a plan to merge line 2 with the HÉV from Gödöllő. The city government did not totally accept the plan, but it still may be built after 2021.[1]

Former lines[edit]

Logo used between 2011 and 2014

Today there are four (plus one branch line to Csömör) BHÉV lines in and around Budapest, although other HÉV lines around Budapest have existed in the past.

Now integrated to MÁV's (Hungarian State Railways) network:

Owned by the local tramway operators and abandoned or integrated to the actual tramway network:

  • Budafok HÉV (today tram route 47; branch of Budapest-Budafok HÉV, owned by BKVT)
  • Törökbálint HÉV (mostly demolished), the remaining line is tram no. 41
  • Nagytétény HÉV line (from Budafok to Budatétény and Nagytétény; converted to tram line 43 in 1963, later withdrawn)

Withdrawn BHÉV lines:

  • Pesterzsébet (converted to tramway and radically reduced)
  • Rákosszentmihály (a line connected to Budapest-Gödöllő branch, replaced by bus)
  • The BVKV (Budapestvidéki Közúti vasút – Budapest Suburban Tramway, owned by BKVT) is almost totally withdrawn and has been replaced by bus service, although the first stop has been converted to a tram stop.

Branch of Budapest-Szentlőrinci HÉV (owned by BLVV):

  • Pestszentlőrinc line (now tram line 50)
  • Kispest line (now tram line 42)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "" Centre for Budapest Transport. Plans for this project."

External links[edit]

Media related to BHÉV at Wikimedia Commons