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Budapesti Helyiérdekű Vasút (BHÉV)
Budapest hev symbol.svg
HEV MXA csepel.jpg
Owner BKV (public ownership)
Locale Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary
Transit type Commuter rail/rapid transit
Number of lines 4 (+1 side line)
Number of stations 81
Operator(s) BKV
System length 103.7 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Budapest trainsuburb network.svg

BHÉV (Budapest Helyiérdekű Vasút), is a system of four commuter rail lines (Szentendre HÉV, Gödöllő HÉV, Csömör HÉV and Ráckeve HÉV) and rapid transit (Csepel HÉV and Békásmegyer HÉV (part of the Szentendre HÉV)) lines in and around Budapest, Hungary. The BHÉV operates on standard gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) ), and is electrified at 1000 V DC.

The BHÉV lines were constructed as branch lines of the Hungarian State Railways. Helyiérdekű vasút (HÉV), literally "railway of local interest", is a general term in Hungarian traffic. Therefore, like internationally with the term metro, the stations are only marked with H or HÉV, though this is not the full name of the system. The four BHÉV lines are operated by the public transport company BKV, yet are not part of the Budapest Metro. Inside Budapest, standard BKV tickets and passes are valid on the BHÉV. Outside Budapest, a separate ticket must be validated.


HÉV terminus under Batthyány Square (direct transfer to M2)
Lágymányosi Bridge station on the Csepel HÉV line

The BHÉV connects Csepel (south), Ráckeve (far south), Gödöllő (northeast), and Szentendre (north) with various points of central Budapest. The four BHÉV lines are not connected directly, each originating from a different terminus, but their railway are still connected to the MÁV lines. The BHÉV is a hybrid between a commuter rail and a rapid transit. Although most of its stations are above ground and outdoor, some are underground (for example the city centre terminus at Batthyány tér).

Logo Name Termini
Budapest H5 HÉV.svg Szentendrei HÉV Batthyány tér M - Szentendre
Budapest H6 HÉV.svg Ráckevei HÉV Közvágóhíd - Ráckeve
Budapest H7 HÉV.svg Csepeli HÉV Boráros tér - Csepel
Budapest H8 HÉV.svg Gödöllői HÉV Örs vezér tére M - Gödöllő
Budapest H9 HÉV.svg Csömöri HÉV Örs vezér tére M - Csömör


The BHÉV lines are planned to become integrated into the metro network. The Szentendre, Ráckeve and Csepel lines are slated to be merged into what is called the metro line 5 (North-South Regional rapid railway). The connection will be made by an underground line between the Kaszásdűlő and Lágymányosi bridge stations, and extended in order to reach the center of Pesterzsébet. The Urban and Suburban Transit Association (Városi és Elővárosi Közlekedési Egyesület) has presented a plan to merge line 2 with the HÉV from Gödöllő. The city government did not totally accept the plan, but it still may be built after 2015.

Former lines[edit]

Logo used between 2011 and 2014

Today there are four (plus one branch line to Csömör) BHÉV lines in and around Budapest, although other HÉV lines around Budapest have existed in the past.

Now integrated to MÁV's (Hungarian State Railways) network:

  • Esztergom HÉV (today suburban railway, since 1931 owned by Hungarian State Railways)
  • Lajosmizse HÉV (suburban railway, a.k.a. Budapest-Tiszai HÉV, 1909)
  • Vác–Budapest–Veresegyház–Gödöllő HÉV (partially abandoned, but the Vác–Veresegyház–Budapest line is still in operation)

Owned by the local tramway operators and abandoned or integrated to the actual tramway network:

  • Budafok HÉV (today tram route 47; branch of Budapest-Budafok HÉV, owned by BKVT)
  • Törökbálint HÉV (mostly demolished), the remaining line is tram no. 41
  • Nagytétény HÉV line (from Budafok to Budatétény and Nagytétény; converted to tram line 43 in 1963, later withdrawn)

Withdrawn BHÉV lines:

  • Pesterzsébet (converted to tramway and radically reduced)
  • Rákosszentmihály (a line connected to Budapest-Gödöllő branch, replaced by bus)
  • The BVKV (Budapestvidéki Közúti vasút – Budapest Suburban Tramway, owned by BKVT) is almost totally withdrawn and has been replaced by bus service, although the first stop has been converted to a tram stop.

Branch of Budapest-Szentlőrinci HÉV (owned by BLVV):

  • Pestszentlőrinc line (now tram line 50)
  • Kispest line (now tram line 42)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to BHÉV at Wikimedia Commons