BHÉV

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Budapesti Helyiérdekű Vasút (BHÉV)
Budapest hev symbol.svg
HEV MXA csepel.jpg
Overview
Owner BHÉV Zrt. (public ownership)
Locale Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary
Transit type Commuter rail/rapid transit
Number of lines 4 (+1 side line)
Number of stations 81
Operation
Operator(s) BHÉV Zrt.
Technical
System length 103.7 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
BHÉV-lines

Budapest trainsuburb network.svg

BHÉV (Budapest Helyiérdekű Vasút, "Budapest Railway of Local Interest") is a system of four commuter rail lines (Szentendre HÉV, Gödöllő HÉV, Csömör HÉV and Ráckeve HÉV) and rapid transit (Csepel HÉV and Békásmegyer HÉV (part of the Szentendre HÉV)) lines in and around Budapest, Hungary. The BHÉV operates on standard gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) ), and is electrified at 1000 V DC.

The BHÉV lines were constructed as branch lines of the Hungarian State Railways. Helyiérdekű vasút (HÉV), literally "railway of local interest", is a general term in Hungarian traffic. Therefore, like internationally with the term metro, the stations are only marked with H or HÉV, though this is not the full name of the system. The four BHÉV lines are operated by the public transport company BHÉV Zrt., yet are not part of the Budapest Metro. Inside Budapest, standard BKK tickets and passes are valid on the BHÉV. Outside Budapest, a separate ticket must be validated.

Lines and developments[edit]

Line Name Route Date of
opening
Length
(km)
Number
of stations
Ride time (end
stn. to end stn.)
Base station (Budapest) End station
Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h5 jms.svg Szentendrei HÉV Batthyány tér BKV metro.svg Szentendre 17 August 1888 20.9 17 39 minutes
Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h6 jms.svg Ráckevei HÉV Közvágóhíd Ráckeve 7 August 1887 40.1 24 74 minutes
Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h7 jms.svg Csepeli HÉV Boráros tér Csepel 29 April 1951 6.7 6 13 minutes
Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h8 jms.svg
Budapest hev symbol.svgBKV h9 jms.svg
Gödöllői HÉV
Csömöri HÉV
Örs vezér tere BKV metro.svg Gödöllő
Csömör
20 July 1888 25.6
10.7
20
12
46 minutes
23 minutes
Total: 103.7 71

Network[edit]

HÉV terminus under Batthyány Square
Lágymányosi Bridge station on the Csepel HÉV line

The BHÉV connects Csepel (south), Ráckeve (far south), Gödöllő (northeast), and Szentendre (north) with various points of central Budapest. The four BHÉV lines are not connected directly, each originating from a different terminus, but their railway are still connected to the MÁV lines. The BHÉV is a hybrid between a commuter rail and a rapid transit. Although most of its stations are above ground and outdoor, some are underground (for example the city centre terminus at Batthyány tér).

Future[edit]

The BHÉV lines are planned to become integrated into the metro network. The Szentendre, Ráckeve and Csepel lines are slated to be merged into what is called the metro line 5 (North-South Regional rapid railway). The connection will be made by an underground line between the Kaszásdűlő and Lágymányosi bridge stations, and extended in order to reach the center of Pesterzsébet. The Urban and Suburban Transit Association (Városi és Elővárosi Közlekedési Egyesület) has presented a plan to merge line 2 with the HÉV from Gödöllő. The city government did not totally accept the plan, but it still may be built after 2015.

Former lines[edit]

Logo used between 2011 and 2014

Today there are four (plus one branch line to Csömör) BHÉV lines in and around Budapest, although other HÉV lines around Budapest have existed in the past.

Now integrated to MÁV's (Hungarian State Railways) network:

  • Esztergom HÉV (today suburban railway, since 1931 owned by Hungarian State Railways)
  • Lajosmizse HÉV (suburban railway, a.k.a. Budapest-Tiszai HÉV, 1909)
  • Vác–Budapest–Veresegyház–Gödöllő HÉV (partially abandoned, but the Vác–Veresegyház–Budapest line is still in operation)

Owned by the local tramway operators and abandoned or integrated to the actual tramway network:

  • Budafok HÉV (today tram route 47; branch of Budapest-Budafok HÉV, owned by BKVT)
  • Törökbálint HÉV (mostly demolished), the remaining line is tram no. 41
  • Nagytétény HÉV line (from Budafok to Budatétény and Nagytétény; converted to tram line 43 in 1963, later withdrawn)

Withdrawn BHÉV lines:

  • Pesterzsébet (converted to tramway and radically reduced)
  • Rákosszentmihály (a line connected to Budapest-Gödöllő branch, replaced by bus)
  • The BVKV (Budapestvidéki Közúti vasút – Budapest Suburban Tramway, owned by BKVT) is almost totally withdrawn and has been replaced by bus service, although the first stop has been converted to a tram stop.

Branch of Budapest-Szentlőrinci HÉV (owned by BLVV):

  • Pestszentlőrinc line (now tram line 50)
  • Kispest line (now tram line 42)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to BHÉV at Wikimedia Commons