Hà Tiên Islands

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Hải Tặc Archipelago (archipel des Pirates)
Native name:
Quần đảo Hà Tiên, quần đảo Hải Tặc
A part of Hà Tiên Islands
A part of Hà Tiên Islands
Hải Tặc Archipelago (archipel des Pirates) is located in Vietnam
Hải Tặc Archipelago (archipel des Pirates)
Hải Tặc Archipelago (archipel des Pirates)
Geography
LocationGulf of Thailand
Coordinates10°10′08″N 104°20′00″E / 10.16889°N 104.33333°E / 10.16889; 104.33333 (Ha Tien Islands)Coordinates: 10°10′08″N 104°20′00″E / 10.16889°N 104.33333°E / 10.16889; 104.33333 (Ha Tien Islands)
Total islands16 (14)
Major islandshòn Đốc
Area11 km2 (4.2 sq mi)
Administration
Vietnam
ProvinceKiên Giang
District-level townHà Tiên
CommuneTiên Hải

Hà Tiên Islands (Vietnamese: Quần đảo Hà Tiên) is an archipelago located in the Gulf of Thailand. It constitutes Tien Hai Commune of Hà Tiên, Kiên Giang Province, Vietnam. Since pirates used to plague the region in the past, another popular name for the islands is Hải Tặc Islands (Quần đảo Hải Tặc, literally "Pirate Islands").

Geography[edit]

A dock in Hà Tiên Islands. Photo: Đỗ Doãn Hoàng.

The Hà Tiên Islands lie off the coast of Hà Tiên, to the east of Phú Quốc Island. The archipelago is in turn 11 nautical miles (20 km; 13 mi), 9.7 nautical miles (18.0 km; 11.2 mi) and 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi) away from the coast of Hà Tiên, the mainland of Vietnam and Phú Quốc Island.[1] There are in total 16 islands[2] (other statistics: 14[3]) locating close to one another with a height of less than 100 metres (330 ft), and among those, Hon Doc (hòn Đốc) is the largest entity. The total area of the islands is 11 square kilometres (4.2 sq mi)[4] spreading out over a water area which is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) in length and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) in width. Islands are composed primarily of Cretaceous shale and sandstone. Fresh water is scarce.[5]

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Hà Tiên Islands were also formerly known as Pirate Islands since the late 17th century and early 18th century when it served as pirates' dens. Pirates departing from here attacked and seized large merchant ships from China and the Western world.[6]

The islands were still known as Hải Tặc ("Pirate") Islands under the administration of South Vietnam. On July 28, 1958, their military mission visited the islands and later erected a sovereignty stele which still stands on the western part of the island Hon Doc.

Piracy in the past[edit]

Due to the rugged topography as well as the position on the important trade route, the islands were the ideal base for pirates to hide, ambush and attack crossing merchant ships for a long time. The golden era of piracy was when Hà Tiên fell into anarchy following the defeat of Mạc Thiên Tứ's administration by Siamese army. Meanwhile, foreign ships with which pirate vessels mingled still had freedom of navigation in the area. Even when the French occupied Hà Tiên, this area was still being ravaged by piracy.[6]

There are some rumors about pirate treasure hiding in Hà Tiên Islands. In March 1983, an American and a British departing from Phú Quốc Island secretly visited the island of Hon Tre Nho (hòn Tre Nhỏ) in the archipelago, and they brought radios, cameras, binoculars, nautical charts,... along with themselves. After being captured by local residents, two men claimed that they had a 300-year-old map passed down by their ancestors depicting pirate treasure. In 2009, some fishermen accidentally found a quantity of ancient coins.[7]

Demography[edit]

Only 6 to 7 islands in the archipelago are inhabited. According to Decree No. 47/1998/ND-CP establishing the town of Hà Tiên in 1998, Hà Tiên Islands had 1,055 inhabitants.[4] In early 2012, the island had more than 420 households with nearly 1,800 people.[8]

Economy[edit]

Local residents live mainly by fishing.[3] In 2011, the total output of marine products was 22,000 tons. Per capita income is about 48 million đồng (nearly 2,300 U.S dollars). Furthermore, water shortage in the dry season has been solved thanks to a freshwater reservoir.[8] In 2007 and 2008, Kien Giang provincial government laid down a policy to lease a number of islands of Ha Tien Islands to develop marine eco-tourism.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (in Vietnamese) Đào (February 23, 2009). "Đảo Hải Tặc – Quần đảo Hà Tiên: Tiềm năng từ biển". Báo ảnh Mũi. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
  2. ^ (in Vietnamese) Nguyễn Dược; Trung Hải (2008). Sổ tay địa danh Việt Nam. Viet Nam Education Publishing House. p. 117.
  3. ^ a b (in Vietnamese) Hồng Lĩnh (December 1, 2005). "Vợ chồng "Robinson" trên quần đảo Hải Tặc". Tiền phong online. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  4. ^ a b (in Vietnamese) "Nghị định số 47/1998/NĐ-CP của Chính phủ Việt Nam: Thành lập thị xã Hà Tiên thuộc tỉnh Kiên Giang và thành lập các phường thuộc thị xã". Vietnam Government Web Portal. July 8, 1998. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  5. ^ (in Vietnamese) "Hải Tặc". Vietnam Institute of Lexicography and Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  6. ^ a b (in Vietnamese) Lãng Quân (March 29, 2011). "Những chuyện khó tin ở Quần đảo Hải Tặc". Dân trí. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  7. ^ (in Vietnamese) Sơn Bình (August 7, 2011). "Quần đảo Hải Tặc - đảo giấu vàng?". Báo Pháp luật Việt Nam điện tử. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  8. ^ a b (in Vietnamese) Thái Bình (January 31, 2012). "Ăn Tết trên quần đảo Hải Tặc". Công an Nhân dân online. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2012.

External links[edit]

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