View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. The castle is visible to the right.
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
|• City manager||Timo Kenakkala|
|• Total||2,031.55 km2 (784.39 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,785.76 km2 (689.49 sq mi)|
|• Water||245.79 km2 (94.90 sq mi)|
|Area rank||42nd largest in Finland|
|• Rank||14th largest in Finland|
|• Density||38.03/km2 (98.5/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.5% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||15.8%|
|• 15 to 64||64.7%|
|• 65 or older||19.5%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||19%|
Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus) is a city and municipality of about 68,000 inhabitants in the heart of the historical province of Häme in the south of Finland. Hämeenlinna is the oldest inland city of Finland and was one of the most important Finnish cities until the 19th century. It still remains an important regional center.
Hämeenlinna is the birthplace of composer Jean Sibelius. Today, it belongs to the region of Tavastia Proper, and until 2010 it was the residence city for the Governor of the province of Southern Finland. Nearby cities include the capital Helsinki (98 km or 61 mi), Tampere (73 km or 45 mi) and Lahti (72 km or 45 mi).
There was a settlement called Vanaja by the lake Vanajavesi where the city now stands since the Viking Age. The castle was built in the late 13th century to secure Swedish power in central Finland. A village was established near Häme Castle to provide services and goods to its inhabitants.
The village was granted city rights in 1639 and soon after that the King of Sweden moved it one kilometre (0.6 miles) south to the hill on which it still stands.
The city is known for its schools and academies where many famous Finns have studied. Schools, government and the military have characterised Hämeenlinna's life throughout history.
The composer Jean Sibelius was born and raised in Hämeenlinna. He graduated from Hämeenlinna Lyseo in 1885.
Juho Kusti Paasikivi (seventh President of Finland) graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio (Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio is Hämeenlinna Lyseo Upper secondary school, roughly the equivalent of a US highschool).
The folk/Viking metal band Turisas is from Hämeenlinna.
- City of Hämeenlinna: 2,490
- State of Finland: 2,480
- Kanta-Häme Hospital District: 1,460
- Ruukki (Rautaruukki Oyj): 1,030
- Huhtamäki Oyj: 700
- HAMK University of Applied Sciences (an institution offering tertiary degree education): 510
- Kansanterveystyön ky: 490
- Patria Vehicles Oy: 430
- Konecranes Standard Lifting Oy: 330
- Koulutuskeskus Tavastia: 270
- Aina Group Oyj: 250
- Lindström Oy: 175
Twin towns — Sister cities
Hämeenlinna is twinned with:
- Ice hockey team HPK
- Football team FC Hämeenlinna
- The city hosted the modern pentathlon competition for the 1952 Summer Olympics in neighboring Helsinki.
- Hämeenlinna hosted the first round of the Underwater Rugby Euroleague in October 2012 and again in 2015.
- The Ahvenisto race circuit, opened in 1967, hosts many motorsport happenings. Track has Fia Grade 4 license.
- "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, maaliskuu.2016" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
-  Taskutietoa Hämeenlinnasta, a factbook published by the city of Hämeenlinna (pdf download, in Finnish)
- Hämeenlinna's official website: twin towns
- "Stadt Celle". www.celle.de. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
- "Frederiksberg Municipality - Twin Towns" (in Danish). [[copyright|]]2007 -2009 Frederiksberg Municipality. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 2009-09-09. External link in
- "Miasta bliźniacze Torunia" [Toruń's twin towns]. Urząd Miasta Torunia [City of Toruń Council] (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-22.
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