Hämeenlinna

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Hämeenlinna

Tavastehus
City
Hämeenlinnan kaupunki
Tavastehus stad
Aerial view of the city centre of Hämeenlinna.
Aerial view of the city centre of Hämeenlinna.
Coat of arms of Hämeenlinna
Coat of arms
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Location of Hämeenlinna in Finland
Coordinates: 60°59′40″N 24°28′00″E / 60.99444°N 24.46667°E / 60.99444; 24.46667Coordinates: 60°59′40″N 24°28′00″E / 60.99444°N 24.46667°E / 60.99444; 24.46667
Country Finland
RegionKanta-Häme.vaakuna.svg Tavastia Proper
Sub-regionHämeenlinna sub-region
Charter1639
Government
 • City managerTimo Kenakkala
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,031.53 km2 (784.38 sq mi)
 • Land1,785.76 km2 (689.49 sq mi)
 • Water245.79 km2 (94.90 sq mi)
Area rank34th largest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total67,530
 • Rank14th largest in Finland
 • Density37.82/km2 (98.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish97.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others2.2%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.8%
 • 15 to 6464.7%
 • 65 or older19.5%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
Websitewww.hameenlinna.fi

Hämeenlinna (Swedish: Tavastehus; Karelian: Hämienlinna) is a city and municipality of about 68,000 inhabitants[2] in the heart of the historical province of Tavastia (Häme) in the south of Finland. Hämeenlinna is the oldest inland city of Finland and was one of the most important Finnish cities until the 19th century. It still remains an important regional center.

Hämeenlinna is the birthplace of composer Jean Sibelius. Today, it belongs to the region of Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), and before 2010 it was the residence city for the Governor of the province of Southern Finland. Nearby cities include the capital Helsinki (98 km or 61 mi), Tampere (73 km or 45 mi) and Lahti (72 km or 45 mi), which the last mentioned is the regional center of Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme).

The medieval Häme Castle (Hämeen linna) is located in the city.

Hämeenlinna: Sibelius House

The municipalities of Hauho, Kalvola, Lammi, Renko and Tuulos were consolidated with Hämeenlinna on 1 January 2009.

History[edit]

View of Lake Vanajavesi, next to Hämeenlinna. The Tavastia Castle is visible to the right.

There was a settlement called Vanaja by the lake Vanajavesi where the city now stands since the Viking Age. The castle was built in the late 13th century to secure Swedish power in central Finland. A village was established near Häme Castle to provide services and goods to its inhabitants.

The village was granted city rights in 1639 and soon after that the King of Sweden moved it one kilometre (0.6 miles) south to the hill on which it still stands.

The city is known for its schools and academies where many famous Finns have studied. Schools, government and the military have characterised Hämeenlinna's life throughout history.

Finland's first railway line opened between Hämeenlinna and Helsinki in 1862. The current Hämeenlinna railway station (Rautatieasema in Finnish) was built in 1921.

Demographics[edit]

People with a foreign background[6][7]
County of origin Population (2017)
 Estonia 485 (0.72%)
 Russia 484 (0.72%)
 Iraq 352 (0.53%)
 Poland 278 (0.41%)
 Afghanistan 218 (0.33%)
 Somalia 208 (0.31%)
 Sweden 206 (0.31%)
 Thailand 141 (0.21%)
 Turkey 130 (0.19%)
 DR Congo 106 (0.16%)

Notable persons[edit]

The composer Jean Sibelius was born and raised in Hämeenlinna. He graduated from Hämeenlinna Lyseo in 1885.

Poet Eino Leino graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio.

Juho Kusti Paasikivi (seventh President of Finland) graduated from Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio (Hämeenlinnan lyseon lukio is Hämeenlinna Lyseo Upper secondary school, roughly the equivalent of a US highschool).

The folk/Viking metal band Turisas was formed in Hämeenlinna in 1997 by Mathias Nygård and Jussi Wickström.

Antony Hämäläinen (vocalist for the Swedish melodic death metal band Armageddon) was born in Hämeenlinna.

Strongman and actor Jouko Ahola was born in Hämeenlinna. He won the 1997 and 1999 World's Strongest Man, and now serves as one of the judges at the contest.

Former NHL player Antti Miettinen was born in Hämeenlinna in 1980 and returns there in the off-season. He won a bronze medal with Finland in the 2010 Vancouver Olympics.

Kimi Räikkönen (Formula One driver) and Jenni Dahlman were married in 2004 in Hämeenlinna.

Juuse Saros, while born in Forssa, grew up in Hämeenlinna, and now plays for the Nashville Predators as a goaltender in the NHL.

Economy[edit]

Largest employers (by number of employees) [8][edit]

International relations[edit]

October sunset - Hämeenlinna

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

The castle

Hämeenlinna is twinned with:[9]

Sport[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_032.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 13 November 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Taskutietoa Hämeenlinnasta, a factbook published by the city of Hämeenlinna (PDF download, in Finnish)
  9. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit" (in Finnish). City of Hämeenlinna. Retrieved 22 August 2019.

External links[edit]