Hébuterne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hébuterne
Commune
The church of Hébuterne
The church of Hébuterne
Coat of arms of Hébuterne
Coat of arms
Hébuterne is located in France
Hébuterne
Hébuterne
Coordinates: 50°07′34″N 2°38′11″E / 50.1261°N 2.6364°E / 50.1261; 2.6364Coordinates: 50°07′34″N 2°38′11″E / 50.1261°N 2.6364°E / 50.1261; 2.6364
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Arras
Canton Avesnes-le-Comte
Intercommunality Deux Sources
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Luc Tabary
Area1 11.04 km2 (4.26 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 515
 • Density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 62422 /62111
Elevation 114–156 m (374–512 ft)
(avg. 144 m or 472 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hébuterne is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

Geography[edit]

A farming village situated 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Arras, at the junction of the D27 and the D28 roads.

History[edit]

Formerly within the ancient county of Artois, the village was redesignated within the new Department of the Pas de Calais after the French Revolution.

First World War[edit]

The rebuilt church

For most of the First World War, Hébuterne was in the front line of the Western Front and occupied by the Allied Forces entrenched on the eastern side of the village facing the Imperial German Army 800 yards beyond occupying the village of Gommecourt. In mid-summer 1916, the 56th (London) Division of the British Army carried out an attack from Hébuterne in an attempt to capture Gommecourt as a part of the Battle of the Somme offensive, which failed with severe losses.

By the war's end the village was a complete wreck due to the violence to which it had been subject during its front line career and it had to be completely re-built in the 1920s.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Hébuterne
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2011 2013
Population 604 575 516 486 456 465 528 559 521 515
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]