Hélène Carrère d'Encausse
|Hélène Carrère d'Encausse|
6 July 1929
|Known for||Member of the Académie française|
Louis Carrère (m. 1952)
Hélène Carrère d'Encausse (born Hélène Zourabichvili; 6 July 1929) is a French political historian of Georgian origin, specializing in Russian history. She was elected to seat 14 of the Académie française in 1990 and became the Perpetual Secretary of the Académie in October 1999.
She was a member of the European Parliament between 1994 and 1999 for the right wing Conservative party RPR. Carrère d'Encausse was awarded the Lomonosov Gold Medal and Grand Cross with Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland in 2008 and 2011, respectively.
Early life and career
Carrère d'Encausse graduated from Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris. She was elected to seat 14 of the Académie française in 1990, and her academician's sword was made by the sculptor Goudji. She became permanent secretary on 21 October 1999. Her son, Emmanuel Carrère (born 1957), is an author, screenwriter and director. Considered one of the most eminent historians of France, joined other French politicians in identifying polygamy as one of the causes of the 2005 civil unrest in France in a November 2005 interview given to Russian television channel NTV:
Why can't their parents buy an apartment? It's clear why. Many of these Africans, I tell you, are polygamous. In an apartment, there are three or four wives and 25 children.
The bulk of Carrère d'Encausse's work has been on Russia and the Soviet Union. She has had over two dozen books published in French on the Eurasian giant, many of which have been translated into English. Her most notable book may be 1978's L'empire éclaté: La révolte des nations en U.R.S.S (English version, Decline of an Empire: The Soviet Socialist Republics in Revolt) in which she made the then ridiculed suggestion that the Soviet Union was destined to break up along the lines of its 15 constituent republics, an event which transpired in 1991.
- "La préparation des élections européennes Mme Carrère d'Encausse représentera le RPR derrière M. Baudis". Le Monde.fr. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- Sciolino, Elaine (18 November 2005). "Immigrant Polygamy Is a Factor in French Unrest, a Gaullist Says". New York Times. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Sovereign Ordonnance n° 14.274 of 18 Nov. 1999 : promotions or nominations
- 1963 Réforme et révolution chez les musulmans de l'Empire russe (Armand Colin)
- 1966 Le Marxisme et l'Asie (avec Stuart R. Schram), 1853-1964 (Armand Colin)
- 1967 Central Asia, a century of Russian rule, Columbia Univ., réédition 1990 (Duke Univ. publication)
- 1969 L'URSS et la Chine devant la révolution des sociétés pré-industrielles (avec Stuart R. Schram) (Armand Colin)
- 1972 L'Union soviétique de Lénine à Staline (Éd. Richelieu)
- 1975 La Politique soviétique au Moyen-Orient, 1955-1975 (Presses de la F.N.S.P.)
- 1978 L'Empire éclaté (Flammarion)
- 1979 Lénine, la Révolution et le Pouvoir (Flammarion)
- 1979 Staline, l'ordre par la terreur (Flammarion)
- 1980 Le Pouvoir confisqué (Flammarion)
- 1982 Le Grand Frère (Flammarion)
- 1985 La déstalinisation commence (Complexe)
- 1986 Ni paix ni guerre (Flammarion)
- 1987 Le Grand Défi (Flammarion)
- 1988 Le Malheur russe (Fayard)
- 1990 La Gloire des Nations (Fayard)
- 1992 Victorieuse Russie (Fayard)
- 1993 L'URSS, de la Révolution à la mort de Staline (Le Seuil)
- 1996 Nicolas II, La transition interrompue (Fayard)
- 1998 Lénine (Fayard)
- 2000 La Russie inachevée (Fayard)
- 2002 Catherine II (Fayard)
- 2003 L'Impératrice et l'abbé : un duel littéraire inédit (Fayard)
- 2005 L'Empire d'Eurasie (Fayard)
- (in French) Home page at the Académie française