The town hall in Hérissart
|Intercommunality||Pays du Coquelicot|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Gérard Housse|
|7.39 km2 (2.85 sq mi)|
|• Density||71/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||79–151 m (259–495 ft) |
(avg. 185 m or 607 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The commune is situated at the junction of the D60 and D114 road, some 14 miles (23 km) northeast of Amiens.
Known variously as Henresart, Henrissart or Herrissart, the name Hérissart suggests deforested wasteland, especially covered in brambles or gorse.
First mentioned in a charter of donations by Clotaire to the abbey of Corbie in 662, as a village created by clearing (:fr: "essarter" ) some of the forest of Vicogne. Sandstone, (:fr:grès) was once quarried here and used in Amiens cathedral. Today, nothing remains of the industry.
In 1774, Guy Antoine Picquet, the last ‘seigneur’ of Hérissart, donated a new bell for the church. Cast in the famous Cavillers foundry at nearby Carrépuis, this bell is still used today, two others having been seized during the French Revolution.
Many of the inhabitants were involved, to some degree, in the production of linen, from the growing of flax through preparation and weaving. In 1842, a great fire destroyed many cottages and farms, reducing much of the output, which never fully recovered.
The new cemetery was created in 1866, when the church graveyard was full. The schools and the mairie were built in 1869.
During the Franco-Prussian war, the village was taken by the Germans of the 8th Prussian Rhenane Corps, about 300 mane and horses, on 21 March 1871. They stayed till 26 April 1871.
The village lost almost a third of its young men during World War I. Many British troops were billeted here during the fighting.
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hérissart.|
- Hérissart on the Quid website (in French)
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