Hòa Bình Province
Hòa Bình Province
Tỉnh Hòa Bình
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
|• People's Council Chair||Nguyễn Văn Quang|
|• People's Committee Chair||Bùi Văn Tỉnh|
|• Total||4,662.5 km2 (1,800.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (450/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Mường, Tày and other Tai peoples, Dao|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-14|
Hòa Bình (Vietnamese: [hʷâː ɓîŋ̟] (listen)) is a mountainous province of Vietnam, located in the nation's Northwest region. It borders Phú Thọ Province and Sơn La Province to the northwest, Hanoi to the northeast, Hà Nam Province to the east, Ninh Bình Province to the southeast and Thanh Hóa Province to the south. In 2004, the GDP per capita of the province was estimated to be $228 (equivalent to 3.6 million Vietnamese đồng).
Hòa Bình is subdivided into 11 district-level sub-divisions:
|Third Tier subdivisions|
|Hòa Bình city||133.34||9||7|
|Cao Phong District||254.37||1||12|
|Đà Bắc District||779.04||1||19|
|Kim Bôi District||549.50||1||27|
|Kỳ Sơn District||210.76||1||9|
|Lạc Sơn District||581.00||1||28|
|Lạc Thủy District||293.00||1||13|
|Lương Sơn District||369.85||1||19|
|Mai Châu District||564.54||1||22|
|Tân Lạc District||523.00||1||23|
|Yên Thủy District||282.00||1||12|
They are further subdivided into 11 commune-level towns (or townlets), 191 communes, and eight wards.
The People's Council of Hòa Bình Province decided in February 2006 making Hòa Bình the capital of the province.
Hòa Bình Province was created on June 22, 1886 following the decree of Tonkin with the name Mường Province, splitting Muong majority areas from Hung Hoa Province, Sơn Tây Province, Hanoi and Ninh Bình Province. Its name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese 和平, meaning "peace."
The province was administered from Chợ Bờ (in Đà Bắc District) hence it was also known as Chợ Bờ Province, until it November of the same year, it was relocated to Phương Lâm District (today in Bất Bạt District, Hà Tây Province). In April 1888 it was renamed to "Phuong Lam Province", by the French colonial authorities.
On March 18, 1891 the Governor-General of French Indochina decreed that the name of the province would change to Hòa Bình Province with six districts: Lương Sơn, Kỳ Sơn, Lạc Sơn, Lạc Thủy, Mai Châu and Đà Bắc.
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