Hòa Bình Province

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Hòa Bình Province

Tỉnh Hòa Bình
Hòa Bình Province, Kim Bôi District.jpg
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°20′N 105°15′E / 20.333°N 105.250°E / 20.333; 105.250Coordinates: 20°20′N 105°15′E / 20.333°N 105.250°E / 20.333; 105.250
Country Vietnam
CapitalHòa Bình
 • People's Council ChairNguyễn Văn Quang
 • People's Committee ChairBùi Văn Tỉnh
 • Total4,662.5 km2 (1,800.2 sq mi)
 • Total976,699
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
 • EthnicitiesVietnamese, Mường, Tày and other Tai peoples, Dao
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes218
ISO 3166 codeVN-14

Hòa Bình (Vietnamese: [hʷâː ɓîŋ̟] (About this soundlisten)) is a mountainous province of Vietnam, located in the nation's Northwest region. It borders Phú Thọ Province and Sơn La Province to the northwest, Hanoi to the northeast, Hà Nam Province to the east, Ninh Bình Province to the southeast and Thanh Hóa Province to the south. In 2004, the GDP per capita of the province was estimated to be $228 (equivalent to 3.6 million Vietnamese đồng).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hòa Bình is subdivided into 11 district-level sub-divisions:

Second Tier
Third Tier subdivisions
Ward Township Commune
Hòa Bình city 133.34 9 7
Cao Phong District 254.37 1 12
Đà Bắc District 779.04 1 19
Kim Bôi District 549.50 1 27
Kỳ Sơn District 210.76 1 9
Lạc Sơn District 581.00 1 28
Lạc Thủy District 293.00 1 13
Lương Sơn District 369.85 1 19
Mai Châu District 564.54 1 22
Tân Lạc District 523.00 1 23
Yên Thủy District 282.00 1 12

They are further subdivided into 11 commune-level towns (or townlets), 191 communes, and eight wards. Among them, Mai Chau district is the region with the most potential for economic and tourism development of Hoa Binh province. [1]

The People's Council of Hòa Bình Province decided in February 2006 making Hòa Bình the capital of the province.


Hòa Bình Province was created on June 22, 1886, following the decree of Tonkin with the name Mường Province, splitting Muong majority areas from Hung Hoa Province, Sơn Tây Province, Hanoi and Ninh Bình Province. Its name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese 和平, meaning "peace."

The province was administered from Chợ Bờ (in Đà Bắc District) hence it was also known as Chợ Bờ Province, until it November of the same year, it was relocated to Phương Lâm District (today in Bất Bạt District, Hà Tây Province). In April 1888 it was renamed to "Phuong Lam Province", by the French colonial authorities.

On March 18, 1891, the Governor-General of French Indochina decreed that the name of the province would change to Hòa Bình Province with six districts: Lương Sơn, Kỳ Sơn, Lạc Sơn, Lạc Thủy, Mai Châu and Đà Bắc.


Muong (63.4%) is the major ethnic group of Hòa Bình Province, followed by Kinh (27.7%).[2]


  1. ^ "Mai Chau - A beautiful destination". Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  2. ^ https://vietnam.unfpa.org/webdav/site/vietnam/shared/Fact%20Sheet%20Hoa%20Binh%20Province%202007%20for%20DED%20visit.doc

External links[edit]