Hòa Bình Province

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Hòa Bình Province
Tỉnh Hòa Bình
Hòa Bình Province, Kim Bôi District.jpg
Nickname(s): Peace
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
Location of Hòa Bình within Vietnam
Coordinates: 20°20′N 105°15′E / 20.333°N 105.250°E / 20.333; 105.250Coordinates: 20°20′N 105°15′E / 20.333°N 105.250°E / 20.333; 105.250
Country  Vietnam
Region Northwest
Capital Hòa Bình
 • People's Council Chair Nguyễn Văn Quang
 • People's Committee Chair Bùi Văn Tỉnh
 • Total 4,662.5 km2 (1,800.2 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 803,300
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese, Mường, Tày and other Tai peoples, Dao
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area codes 218
ISO 3166 code VN-14
Website www.hoabinh.gov.vn

Hòa Bình (Vietnamese: [hwâː ɓîŋ] (About this sound listen)) is a mountainous province of Vietnam, located in the nation's Northwest region. It borders Phú Thọ Province and Sơn La Province to the northwest, Hanoi to the northeast, Hà Nam Province to the east, Ninh Bình Province to the southeast and Thanh Hóa Province to the south. In 2004, the GDP per capita of the province was estimated to be $228 (equivalent to 3.6 million Vietnamese đồng).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hòa Bình is subdivided into 11 district-level sub-divisions:

  • 10 districts:

They are further subdivided into 11 commune-level towns (or townlets), 191 communes, and eight wards.

The People's Council of Hòa Bình Province decided in February 2006 making Hòa Bình the capital of the province.


Hòa Bình Province was created on June 22, 1886 following the decree of Tonkin with the name Mường Province, splitting Muong majority areas from Hung Hoa Province, Sơn Tây Province, Hanoi and Ninh Bình Province. Its name derives from the Sino-Vietnamese 和平, meaning "peace."

The province was administered from Chợ Bờ (in Đà Bắc District) hence it was also known as Chợ Bờ Province, until it November of the same year, it was relocated to Phương Lâm District (today in Bất Bạt District, Hà Tây Province). In April 1888 it was renamed to "Phuong Lam Province", by the French colonial authorities.

On March 18, 1891 the Governor-General of French Indochina decreed that the name of the province would change to Hòa Bình Province with six districts: Lương Sơn, Kỳ Sơn, Lạc Sơn, Lạc Thủy, Mai Châu and Đà Bắc.


Muong (63.4%) is the major ethnic group of the Hòa Bình Province, followed by Kinh (27.7%).[1]


External links[edit]