In French-speaking countries, a hôtel-Dieu ("hostel of God") was originally a hospital for the poor and needy, run by the Catholic Church. Nowadays these buildings or institutions have either kept their function as a hospital, the one in Paris being the oldest and most renowned, or have been converted into hotels, museums, or general purpose buildings (for instance housing a préfecture, the administrative head office of a French department).
Therefore, as a secondary meaning, the term hôtel-Dieu can also refer to the building itself, even if it no longer houses a hospital.
- Hôtel-Dieu d'Angers, founded in 1153, one of the oldest in France
- Hôtel-Dieu de Beaune, founded in 1443
- Hôtel-Dieu of Carpentras, built in 1754
- Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon, created in 1478
- Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, founded in 660
- Hôtel-Dieu de Tonnerre, founded in 1293 and still preserved as part of the chief hospital of the town
- Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, Montreal
- Hôtel-Dieu de Québec, Quebec City
- Hotel Dieu Shaver Health and Rehabilitation Centre, formerly the Hotel Dieu Hospital in St. Catharines, Ontario
- Hôtel-Dieu Grace Hospital, Windsor, Ontario
- Hotel Dieu Hospital (Kingston, Ontario), Kingston, Ontario
- University Hospital, New Orleans, previously known as Hôtel-Dieu
- Hôtel-Dieu de France, Beirut, Lebanon, a private hospital owned by the French state
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