Hôtel Tubeuf

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Hôtel Tubeuf facade on Rue des Petits-Champs

The Hôtel Tubeuf or Hôtel Duret-de-Chevry is a hôtel particulier located at 8 Rue des Petits Champs in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris. It was built in 1635 to the designs of the French architect Jean Thiriot for Charles Duret de Chevry [fr], president of the Chambre des Comptes [fr].[1] It was unfinished, when in 1641 it was purchased by the financier Jacques Tubeuf, who sold it to Cardinal Mazarin in 1649. The latter expanded it and combined it with adjacent hôtels, creating the Palais Mazarin, which in 1721 became the Bibliothèque du Roi (King's Library).[2] The Hôtel Tubeuf is now part of the complex of buildings forming the Richelieu site of the Bibliothèque nationale de France[2] and was declared a monument historique in 1983.[3]

Street front of the Hôtel Tubeuf in the 17th century, engraving by Jean Marot (Grand Marot, 1686)[4]

The Hôtel Tubeuf is a typical hôtel particulier with a central corps de logis set between an entrance courtyard and a garden. The entrance courtyard is on the south side and was formerly enclosed on all sides. The street entrance seen today was constructed in the 18th century.[2] The street facade as it existed in the 17th century can be seen in an engraving by Jean Marot.[4]

The Hôtel Tubeuf is one of the last and most splendid examples in Paris of brick-and-stone architecture (popular in France in the early 17th century). Brick-and-stone had already gone out of style at the time this hôtel was built, but was used at the request of Duret.[2] The building reflects the architect's fondness for elaborate rustication, stone chaines and quoins, and uncommonly shaped pediments decorated in low-relief.[5]

Plaque on the Hôtel Tubeuf commemorating the signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty

The Louisiana Purchase Treaty was signed at the Hôtel Tubeuf on 30 April 1803.[6]

It now hosts the departments of prints and photographs (Département des estampes et de la photographie) and of maps and plans (Département des cartes et plans) of the French National Library.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ayers 2004, p. 57; Braham & Smith 1973, vol. 1, p. 224; Babelon 1996.
  2. ^ a b c d Ayers 2004, pp. 57–58.
  3. ^ Mérimée PA00086009, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  4. ^ a b Braham & Smith 1973, vol. 1, p. 224; vol. 2, plate 316; Deutsch 2015, pp. 459 (date of publication), 465 (cat. item [76]); Face du Palais Mazarin à Paris at Gallica. According to Deutsch 2015, p. 132, most of the engravings in the Grand Marot were created between 1649 and the early 1670s.
  5. ^ Blunt & Beresford 1999, p. 109.
  6. ^ Chappet et al. 2005, p. 307.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ayers, Andrew (2004). The Architecture of Paris. Stuttgart; London: Edition Axel Menges. ISBN 9783930698967.
  • Babelon, Jean-Pierre (1996). "Thiriot, Jean", vol. 30, p. 734–735, in The Dictionary of Art (34 vols.), edited by Jane Turner. New York: Grove. ISBN 9781884446009.
  • Blunt, Anthony; Beresford, Richard (1999). Art and Architecture in France, 1500–1700, 5th edition. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300077483.
  • Braham, Allan; Smith, Peter (1973). François Mansart, 2 volumes. London: A. Zwemmer. ISBN 9780302022511.
  • Chappet, Alain; Martin, Roger; Pigeard, Alain (2005). Le guide de Napoleon: 4000 lieux de mémoire pour revivre l'épopée. Paris: Tallandier. ISBN 9782847342468.
  • Deutsch, Kristina (2015). Jean Marot : Un graveur d'architecture à l'époque de Louis XIV. Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 9783110375954.

Coordinates: 48°52′00″N 2°20′19″E / 48.86678°N 2.33857°E / 48.86678; 2.33857