Höfner 500/1

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Höfner 500/1 Violin Bass
Hofner 500-1V62WorldHistory LH 1.jpg
Vintage 1962 model
ManufacturerKarl Höfner GmbH & Co.
Body typeHollow[a]
Scale30 in (760 mm)
BodySpruce (Top), Maple (Back/Sides)
BridgeHöfner Ebony Bridge
Pickup(s)Höfner 511B Humbucking Pickups
Colors available
Sunburst, black, laurel, rosewood and many others
Höfner H500/1-62 Mersey Bass
Höfner H500/1-62 Mersey Bass

The Höfner 500/1 Violin Bass (sometimes nicknamed the "Beatle Bass" or "Cavern Bass") is a model of electric bass manufactured by Höfner under several varieties. It was introduced in 1955 and gained celebrity status during the 1960s as the primary bass used by Beatles bassist Paul McCartney.


In 1955, Walter Höfner designed an electrically amplified, semi-acoustic bass.[1] The hollow body made this style of bass very light and easy to play, as well as giving it a rich tone similar to that of the traditional double bass. The bass was first shown to the public at the Frankfurt Music Fair in the spring of 1956. A major boost for the bass came in early 1961 when it caught the eye of a young McCartney. In July 1961, before Stuart Sutcliffe decided to leave the Beatles, he briefly lent McCartney his bass until the latter could earn enough to buy a bass of his own in June 1961.[2] McCartney was drawn to the Höfner because he felt that its symmetrical shape would mean that playing it left-handed would not look as awkward as using a cutaway guitar designed for a right-handed player:[3] Following the popularity of the Violin Bass created by McCartney, Höfner began producing a similar alternative in terms of sound and size with a different shaped body called the Höfner 500/2 Club Bass in 1964.[4]


The Höfner 500 is a hollow-body instrument, though lacking soundholes, and is as such commonly referred to as a semi-hollow bass. It is built using a fairly traditional style, similar to that of an acoustic guitar. It commonly features a thin maple body, a spruce top and a maple neck. The fretboard is traditionally made of rosewood, though more contemporary models have utilized other, similar tonewoods. The Höfner 500 features a two-piece bridge system, consisting of an adjustable ebony bridge, and a metal tailpiece. The Höfner 500 is also notable for its distinctive control layout, featuring two rotary knobs, as well as three sliding knobs, controlling tone and pickup selection.

Earlier models, as well as certain reissues featured the two pickups spaced closely together, up against the heel of the neck, providing a fairly uniform tone, though most recent basses feature a more conventional "bridge/neck" pickup placement. The earlier models are often referred to as "Cavern basses", after the Cavern club, where Paul McCartney famously made use of this particular model.

"I remember going along there, and there was this bass which was quite cheap. I couldn't afford a Fender. Fenders even then seemed to be about £100. All I could really afford was about £30 ... so for about £30, I found this Hofner violin bass. And to me, it seemed like, because I was left-handed, it looked less daft because it was symmetrical. Didn't look as bad as a cutaway which was the wrong way. So I got into that."[5]

McCartney eventually acquired two basses of this model: his original 1961 model, and a 1963 model.[6] Afterward, McCartney mainly played the 1963 model, leaving the original as a backup. In 1964, he had his 1961 model refinished in sunburst and had a new updated pickup surround system installed around the original pickups, as one of the plastic original surrounds had snapped (the one nearer the neck). He can be seen using this bass in the "Revolution" promo video with the strap attached to the headstock instead of the neck heel, presumably to counteract the instrument's neck dive, which is caused by its light body. He continued to regularly use the violin bass until 1965 when he switched to a Rickenbacker 4001S; afterwards, he would rotate between the two. On 30 January 1969 the Höfner Bass made its last Beatle appearance at the Apple rooftop concert. Sometime during the recording of Let It Be, the 1961 model was stolen from Abbey Road Studios closet, along with George Harrison's Gretsch Tennessean and Rickenbacker 360/12.[5] McCartney switched to using his 1963 model for the remainder of the album.[7] He switched back to the Rickenbacker for the recording of Abbey Road and he even used it with Wings and his solo career. In 1988, while recording the Flowers in the Dirt album, a collaboration with Elvis Costello led to a request from Costello for McCartney to bring the 500/1 back from retirement. As of 2022, he is still in possession of the 1963 bass, and regularly uses it for performances.



The following variations are or were sold by Höfner:[10]

  • 500/1 Vintage '58 re-issue
  • 500/1 Vintage '59 re-issue
  • 500/1 Cavern Bass (no longer available from Höfner)[1]
  • 500/1 Vintage '61 Cavern Bass (2011 model - based on Paul McCartney's original specs)
  • 500/1 Vintage '62 "Mersey"
  • 500/1 Vintage '62 50th Anniversary Edition (2014) of "The Ed Sullivan Show". Limited Edition of 64 only.
  • 500/1 Vintage '63 (no longer in production)
  • 500/1 Vintage '64 (replaced '63)
  • 500/1 125th Anniversary 'Black Violin Bass'
  • 5000/1 Deluxe Bass (no longer in production)
  • 500/1 KV 60th Anniversary model with graphics designed by Klaus Voormann
  • H500/1-CT Contemporary Series ("Designed in Germany" printed on back of head. "Made in China" on sticker on back of head.)
  • Icon series B-Bass, made in China (name changed to Ignition for legal reasons in 2010)
    • Höfner produced limited runs of the Icon B Bass in 5 custom color schemes. Only 150 of each color were manufactured and made available for sale in 2008.[11]
    • In 2008, the Icon B Bass was also issued in a limited edition "Dark Burst" finish, of which 88 were produced.
  • HI series B-Bass (Ignition), made in Indonesia, from 2010. A cheaper budget option.


Due to the cost of the official Höfner bass, several guitar companies offer more affordable versions of the "violin bass". These include Greco, Epiphone, Tokai, El Dégas, Jay Turser, Duesenberg, Rogue, Douglas, Harley Benton and Eko. These range anywhere from $200 to $1,500.[12] Höfner themselves make an affordable version of their bass (the Ignition).

Höfner 500/1 players[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The Höfner 500/1 appeared in Guitar Hero II while the Epiphone Viola appeared in Guitar Hero: Aerosmith. A replica of the Höfner bass used by McCartney (albeit right-handed) is used as the basis for a guitar controller, included with the special edition bundle of the video game The Beatles: Rock Band.


  1. ^ a b "Höfner Geschichte - Über Höfner". Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  2. ^ Miles, Barry (1997). Many Years From Now. Vintage-Random House. pp. 74–75. ISBN 978-0-7493-8658-0.
  3. ^ Terry, Burrows, ed. (2013). 1001 Guitars to Dream of Playing Before You Die. Sydney: Pier 9. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-7433-6912-8.
  4. ^ "Hofner Club Bass". Hofner. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  5. ^ a b Crowley, John F. "McCartney's Guitars, Part 3". The Canteen. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  6. ^ "North Coast Music: Hofner Bass Specification Table". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  7. ^ "Let It Be" film, Apple Corps.
  8. ^ "The Beatles, when they played Crosley Field".
  9. ^ "Only known color photos of the Beatles' 1966 US tour go under the hammer for the first time | Daily Mail Online". 17 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Hofner Violin Bass". Archived from the original on June 6, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  11. ^ "North Coast Music: Hofner Limited Edsition Icon Basses". Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
  12. ^ Violin Style Bass Guitars
  13. ^ Taylor, Angus (26 June 2012). "Interview: Robbie Shakespeare". United Reggae: Online Reggae Magazine. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Göran Lagerberg". www.fuzz.se. Archived from the original on 2021-08-03. Retrieved 2021-09-14.
  15. ^ "Preface to the Expanded Edition", Dionysiac Poetics and Euripides' Bacchae, Princeton University Press, pp. ix–xii, 2021-01-12, doi:10.2307/j.ctv18zhdm1.3, S2CID 242671661, retrieved 2022-01-18


  1. ^ The Contemporary series models contain a centre block.

External links[edit]