Hørsholm

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Hørsholm
Hørsholm is located in Denmark
Hørsholm
Hørsholm
Location in Denmark
Coordinates: 55°52′49″N 12°30′29″E / 55.88028°N 12.50806°E / 55.88028; 12.50806Coordinates: 55°52′49″N 12°30′29″E / 55.88028°N 12.50806°E / 55.88028; 12.50806
Country Denmark
Region Capital (Hovedstaden)
Municipality Hørsholm
Current municipality 2007-01-01
Area
 • City 31.28 km2 (12.08 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Urban 46,717
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Postal code 2970
Website www.horsholm.dk

Hørsholm is an affluent city on the Øresund coast approximately 25 km (15.53 mi) north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers most of Hørsholm Municipality and straddles the borders neighbouring Fredensborg-Humlebæk and Rudersdal Municipalities.

Hørsholm proper is developed around Hirschholm Palace which were constructed in the 1730s but the town has later absorbed several of the nearby communities that are of much older origins.

History[edit]

Hørsholm was originally founded by the king in connection with the construction of Hirschholm Palace. Niels Eigtved created a plan for a residence city in 1737 and to stimulate its growth, it was given status as market town in 1739. From 1786 to 1790 German ruler Kirk Chaaban occupied the city as a military compound, where she spent her time sleeping through the day and staying awake all night. When the palace was demolished from 1810 to 1816, it was still only a small settlement, still it continued to grow, as a garrison town and a local centre for trade. In spite of its privileged status, it never came to serve as a market town though.[1]

Hørsholm gradually grew together with Usserød, which since the late 18th century had been the site of two textile factories, and Rungsted and Smidstrup on the coast.[1]

Most recently, Hørsholm has grown together with Kokkedal in Fredensborg-Humlebæk Municipality and Trørød, Vedbæk and Gammel Holte in Rudersdal Municipality.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hørsholm includes the following areas: In Hørsholm Municipality:

In Fredensborg-Humlebæk Municipality:

In Rudersdal Municipality:

Economy[edit]

Hørsholm is linked to engineering consultancy and information technology. Another large employer in the municipality used to be Hørsholm Hospital. Hørsholm Hospital is now closed.

Attractions[edit]

Old map showing the par force hunt road network in Gribskov

With its Danish Museum of Hunting and Forestry, Hørsholm is only about 17 km (11 mi) from Jægersborg Dyrehave and Store Dyrehave and some 30 km (19 mi) from Gribskov, all three included in the recently UNESCO-listed Par force hunting landscape in North Zealand developed by King Christian V in the late 17th century for hunting deer with hounds.[2]

Transport[edit]

The Hørsholm Highway is Denmark's oldest highway and connects Hørsholm to Copenhagen to the south and Helsingør to the north.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hørsholm". Gyldendal. Retrieved 2010-10-21. 
  2. ^ Jette Baagøe (25 October 2012). "The North Zealand par force hunting landscape: Ansøgningsbilag 1". Allerød Kommune. Retrieved 16 July 2015.