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Coat of arms of Hügelsheim
Coat of arms
Hügelsheim   is located in Germany
Coordinates: 48°48′N 8°7′E / 48.800°N 8.117°E / 48.800; 8.117Coordinates: 48°48′N 8°7′E / 48.800°N 8.117°E / 48.800; 8.117
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Rastatt
 • Mayor Reiner Dehmelt
 • Total 14.97 km2 (5.78 sq mi)
Elevation 122 m (400 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 5,153
 • Density 340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 76549
Dialling codes 07229
Vehicle registration RA
Website www.huegelsheim.de

Hügelsheim is a western German town across the Rhein River border with French Alsace. It is a community of contrasts and is proud to look back on 1200 years of history.

Two burial places suggest possible settlements dating back as far as the Bronze Age. The "Heilingenbuck" (Holy Hill), a princely tomb, dates back to the Hallstattian period, probably the 3rd or 4th century BC. The Romans who occupied the area from 69 to 79 AD built a road leading from Strasburg via Kehl, Hügelsheim, Rastatt, Gruenwinkel and Graben to Neuenheim which gave the village its ribbon-built character. In the 3rd century AD the Romans were driven out by the Alemanni tribes.

In a document from 788 intended for the Bonifatius convent in Fulda, Hügelsheim is mentioned for the first time as "Hughilaheim". From the peasants' war to the Second World War, fourteen different conflicts plagued the village and its inhabitants who suffered through a myriad of floods, epidemics, famines and conflagrations.

The population of Hügelsheim earned their livelihood as farmers, fishermen and barge men, and for centuries there was a weekly market ship traveling to Strasbourg. In 1834 the first steamship on the Rhine rang in the end of the Hügelsheim barge men's guild.

The Rhine River has always brought not only benefits but also harm to the village, reaching into the most recent history. The construction of the Iffezheim locks has caused irreparable damage to pastures and in its wake brought considerable financial disadvantages to the community. A lawsuit against the Federal Government in this matter lasted for nearly a decade. Finally Hügelsheim was granted a 1 million Deutschmark compensation for the loss in its industrial gravel pits.

A few facts and figures about Hügelsheim: community 3742,5 acres, 1657 there of farming, 1390 acres wooded area, 275 acres waters and fallow land, 265 acres roads and highways and 155 acres built-up area; Hügelsheim has its own water supply and purification plant, natural gas is supplied by the public utility works of the City of Baden-Baden.