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Hāsya (Sanskrit: हास्य) is a Sanskrit word[1] for one of the nine rasas or bhava (mood) of Indian aesthetics, usually translated as humour or comedy.[2][3] The colour associated with hasya is white and deity, Pramatha,[4] and leads to exultation of the mind.[5]

Hāsya often arises out of Sringara as mentioned in Natya Shastra, the classical treatise on the performing arts, of Bharata Muni, theatrologist and musicologist.[6] Rasa means "flavour", and the theory of rasa is the primary concept behind classical Indian arts, including theatre,[7] music, dance, poetry, and even sculpture.[3][8]


  1. ^ "Definition of hāsya". Sanskritdictionary. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
  2. ^ Peter Marchand (2006). The Yoga of the Nine Emotions: The Tantric Practice of Rasa Sadhana. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 177–. ISBN 978-1-59477-094-4.
  3. ^ a b Gupteshwar Prasad (1994). I.A. Richards and Indian Theory of Rasa. Sarup & Sons. p. 100. ISBN 978-81-85431-37-6.
  4. ^ Susan L. Schwartz (2004). Rasa: Performing the Divine in India. Columbia University Press. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-0-231-13145-2.
  5. ^ Sanjukta Gupta (2013). Advaita Vedanta and Vaisnavism: The Philosophy of Madhusudana Sarasvati. Routledge. pp. 140–. ISBN 978-1-134-15774-7.
  6. ^ Ghosh, Manomohan (2002). Natyasastra. ISBN 81-7080-076-5.
  7. ^ Poonam Trivedi; Dennis Bartholomeusz (2005). India's Shakespeare: Translation, Interpretation, and Performance. University of Delaware Press. pp. 211–. ISBN 978-0-87413-881-8.
  8. ^ Manorma Sharma (2007). Music Aesthetics. APH Publishing. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-81-313-0032-9.