Hénin-Beaumont

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Hénin-Beaumont
The town hall of Hénin-Beaumont
The town hall of Hénin-Beaumont
Coat of arms of Hénin-Beaumont
Location of Hénin-Beaumont
Hénin-Beaumont is located in France
Hénin-Beaumont
Hénin-Beaumont
Hénin-Beaumont is located in Hauts-de-France
Hénin-Beaumont
Hénin-Beaumont
Coordinates: 50°25′18″N 2°57′03″E / 50.4217°N 2.9508°E / 50.4217; 2.9508Coordinates: 50°25′18″N 2°57′03″E / 50.4217°N 2.9508°E / 50.4217; 2.9508
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementLens
CantonHénin-Beaumont-1 and 2
IntercommunalityCA Hénin-Carvin
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Steeve Briois (RN)
Area
1
20.72 km2 (8.00 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
25,992
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62427 /62110
Elevation23–65 m (75–213 ft)
(avg. 32 m or 105 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Hénin-Beaumont (French pronunciation: ​[enɛ̃ bomɔ̃]; Picard: Hinnin-Biaumont) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.[2]

Geography[edit]

East Pas-de-Calais (Béthune, Lens, Hénin-Beaumont)

Hénin-Beaumont used to be a coalmining town and is now a light industrial town situated some 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Lens, at the junction of the N43, D919 and the D39 roads. The A21 autoroute passes through the northern part of the commune.

History[edit]

The commune came into existence in 1971, the result of a merger of the communes of Hénin-Liétard and Beaumont.[2]

Hénin-Beaumont has been populated since before the arrival of the Romans, attested by excavations in the 19th century, where coins and other remains were found. In 880, the town was the victim of the Norman invasion.

The town’s name has changed over the centuries. From around the year 950, there are various documents listing it as Hennium, Henninium or Heninium and later as St Martinus Henain. In 1274 it appeared for the first time under the name Hanin-le-Liétard, after the seigneur, either in recognition of services rendered to the city for its fortifications, or simply to distinguish it from the nearby commune of Hénin-on-Cojeul.

Former coal miners' housing
War damage

In 1852, the discovery of coal deposits in the Pas-de-Calais brought Hénin-Liétard into the industrial age. From around 1856, many foreign workers came to Henin-Liétard to work in the mines. The railway came to the town at around the same time, in 1859.

During World War I, the German occupation was harsh and destructive. On the night of 3/4 October 1914, the invaders looted and ransacked the town. In April 1917, the town suffered almost total destruction as the Allies dislodged the Germans, who blew up the church of Saint-Martin before leaving the city. After the signing of the armistice, the original inhabitants returned on 2 December 1918. The town hall was rebuilt in 1925. In 1928, La Compagnie des Mines de Dourges built the church of Sainte-Marie for the miners. The church of Saint-Martin was rebuilt in Greco-Byzantine style by the architect Boutterin in 1932.[3] The new railway station was opened in 1933.

At the end of the Second World War Hénin-Beaumont was liberated by the Allies, in September 1944.

Politics[edit]

In the 2009 election to replace the incumbent Socialist mayor who had resigned after a corruption scandal, the National Front took first place in the first round with 39% of the vote. A left-wing list was second with 20% of the vote.[4] This led all other parties including the center-right Union for a Popular Movement to support the list led by the independent left-wing candidate, Daniel Duquenne in the second round runoff. Duquenne won the race 52%-48%.[5]

In the first round of the 2012 presidential election, Marine Le Pen won in Hénin-Beaumont, with 35% of the vote, ahead of François Hollande (27%) and Nicolas Sarkozy (16%).

In 2014, the far right Front National won control of the city outright.[6] FN politician Steeve Briois was elected mayor with 50.3 percent of the vote.[7]

The town has been noted for its political control swinging from socialist to far-right.[8][9]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 998—    
1800 2,248+12.30%
1806 2,462+1.53%
1821 2,807+0.88%
1831 3,006+0.69%
1836 2,839−1.14%
1841 2,993+1.06%
1846 3,091+0.65%
1851 3,142+0.33%
1856 3,280+0.86%
1861 3,850+3.26%
1866 4,561+3.45%
1872 5,029+1.64%
1876 5,491+2.22%
1881 6,546+3.58%
1886 7,848+3.69%
1891 9,467+3.82%
1896 11,984+4.83%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 14,327+3.64%
1906 16,016+2.25%
1911 17,827+2.17%
1921 14,035−2.36%
1926 21,454+8.86%
1931 22,631+1.07%
1936 21,946−0.61%
1946 22,552+0.27%
1954 23,673+0.61%
1962 25,527+0.95%
1968 25,067−0.30%
1975 26,405+0.75%
1982 26,037−0.20%
1990 26,257+0.11%
1999 25,178−0.47%
2007 26,031+0.42%
2012 26,482+0.34%
2017 26,022−0.35%
Source: EHESS[10] and INSEE (1968-2017)[11]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Vestiges of an old castle.
  • The churches of St.Martin and St.Marie, both dating from the twentieth century.
  • The war memorial.
  • The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery.

International relations[edit]

Hénin-Beaumont is twinned with:[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b INSEE commune file
  3. ^ Base Mérimée: Eglise paroissiale Saint-Martin, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)
  4. ^ "National Front in run-off to take northern French town hall". France 24. 2009-06-29. Archived from the original on 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
  5. ^ Steve Erlanger (2009-07-06). "Left Wins French Local Election With Backing of Center-Right". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
  6. ^ "France election: National Front makes gains". BBC News. 23 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-29. Retrieved 2017-01-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "The French town that swung from socialist to far-right". EUobserver. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  9. ^ "The French town that's fallen for the National Front". www.thelocal.fr. 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  10. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Hénin-Beaumont, EHESS. (in French)
  11. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  12. ^ "La famille d'Arnaud Beltrame ne voudrait pas de rue à son nom dans les municipalités FN". leparisien.fr (in French). Le Parisien. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2019-11-17.

External links[edit]