From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

H.R. outside of New York's CBGB in 2006
H.R. outside of New York's CBGB in 2006
Background information
Birth namePaul D. Hudson
Born (1956-02-11) February 11, 1956 (age 66)
Liverpool, England
OriginWashington, D.C.
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • bass guitar
Years active1977–present

Paul D. Hudson (born February 11, 1956), known professionally as H.R. (Human Rights), is an American musician who leads the hardcore punk band Bad Brains, and is an instrumental figure in the development of the genre. His vocal delivery has been described as diverse, ranging from a rapid-fire nasal whine, to feral growling and screeches, to smooth near-crooning or staccato reggae rhymes. He has departed the band periodically to pursue solo efforts that are more reggae than Bad Brains' punk sound. He is the older brother of Earl Hudson, Bad Brains' drummer.

Early life[edit]

Born in Liverpool, England to a Jamaican mother and American father stationed with the US Air Force in the UK, his family moved to the United States when he was a toddler, and proceeded to move around until finally settling in Washington, D.C. He was a gifted athlete from an early age, competing in swimming and pole-vaulting.[2] He and his younger brother Earl both entered the local D.C. music scene as teenagers with their friends and future bandmates Dr. Know and Darryl Jenifer. H.R. was an early nickname that initially stood for "hunting rod", but which he changed to stand for "human rights".[3]

Musical career[edit]

H.R. and his bandmates became Rastafari around 1979 after attending a Bob Marley concert at the Capitol Center. This spiritual direction influenced the music of Bad Brains via his vocals, and inspired the creation of his reggae band, Human Rights (or H.R.).[4]

Although reggae is the main focus of his solo material, he explores rock and other musical genres. He has had numerous albums released on SST Records. A Village Voice review of a Bad Brains concert described H.R.'s presence on stage: "like James Brown gone berserk, with a hyperkinetic repertoire of spins, dives, back-flips, splits, and skanks"[citation needed]

H.R. has collaborated with the Long Beach Dub Allstars on their song "New Sun" on the Right Back album, and with P.O.D. on their song "Without Jah, Nothin'", on the album Satellite.

In recent years, H.R.'s Human Rights performances have become markedly more mellow and restrained, focusing primarily on reggae. This is a stark contrast to his wildly animated, aggressive stage performances of the late 1970s and 1980s.[5]

Interviews with H.R. feature prominently in the 2006 documentary American Hardcore, in which he discusses the early days of the hardcore scene in New York City and Washington D.C., and his association with peers like Minor Threat and the Cro-Mags. In particular, he recalls encouraging Ian MacKaye to fully articulate Minor Threat's emerging straight edge philosophy, to give young people a positive direction. As depicted in the 2012 documentary Bad Brains: A Band in D.C., H.R.'s bizarre behavior, such as wearing a motorcycle helmet during a performance and refusing to sing, caused friction with other members of the band.[6]

In late 2016, the film Finding Joseph I: The HR From Bad Brains Documentary premiered in Europe and the United States. Directed by James Lathos, the documentary features interviews with H.R., as well as other musicians, peers, and family member, while chronicling his life, struggles, and philosophies, particularly "PMA" (positive mental attitude).[7] The film's companion book was published by Lesser Gods in January 2017.[8]

H.R is also credited with coining the term "moshing", in reference to the style of dance which first emerged in hardcore punk venues in Washington D.C. in the early 1980s. Though originally referred to as mashing, such as in the title of Bad Brain contemporary Scream's 1982 song "Total Mash," the dance gradually became known under the moniker of moshing after audience members misunderstood H.R.'s pronunciation of the word due to his pseudo-Jamaican accent.

Personal life[edit]

H.R. has adult children from previous relationships and has been married to Lori Carnes since 2012.[2]

In 2016, H.R.'s wife, Lori, revealed that H.R. suffers from SUNCT syndrome, a rare neurological disorder which causes sporadic, excruciating headaches.[9] He underwent brain surgery in early 2017 to relieve the headaches.[10] He also suffers from schizophrenia.[3]


For H.R.'s discography with Bad Brains, see Bad Brains discography.

  • It's About Luv (Olive Tree, 1985)
  • Keep Out of Reach (Olive Tree, 1986)
  • Human Rights (Olive Tree/SST, 1987)
  • Singin' in the Heart (SST, 1989)
  • Charge (SST, 1990)
  • I Luv (1991)
  • Rock of Enoch (1992)
  • Our Faith (1992)
  • Hey Wella (2007)
  • Out of Bounds (D.I.A, 2012)
  • HR in Dubb (D.I.A./Hamma, 2013)
  • HR Live at CBGB's 1984 (Catch a Fire Music, 2017)
  • Give Thanks (Hardline Entertainment, 2019)

Appearances on albums by other artists[edit]

  • "Heroes" and "Heroes Part 2" on Return from Incas by Lost Generation (Incas, 1984)
  • "Zion", "Zion Dub" and "Road to Zion (Highest Region Dub)" on Zion by Zion Train (Olive Tree, 1986)
  • "New Sun" on Right Back by Long Beach Dub Allstars (Dreamworks, 1999)
  • "Black Eye" on 77 003 by Bargain Music (Beatville, 1999)
  • "Like a Lily" on Se Viene El Bum by Lumumba (Gora Herriak, 1999)
  • "Without Jah, Nothin'" on Satellite by P.O.D. (Atlantic, 2001)
  • "Shame in Dem Game" on Everything Under the Sun by Sublime (Geffen, 2006)
  • "Yummy, Yummy, Yummy", "More and More" and "Hip Hip Hooray" on The Epic Trilogy by Gone (SST, 2007)
  • "Riya" on The Hour of Reprisal by Ill Bill (Uncle Howie, 2008)
  • "Forty Deuce Hebrew" on The Grimy Awards by Ill Bill (Fat Beats, 2013)
  • "Lucky Rabbit" on Pains by Islander (Victory, 2013)
  • "Chant It Down" on Chaliwa by New Zion Trio (Veal, 2013)
  • "Kumbaya" on Luicidal by Luicidal (DC-Jam, 2014)
  • "Think It Over" on Power Under Control by Islander (Victory, 2016)
  • "The Right to Swerve" on Lore of the Riff by Time Crystal Wizard (Rancho De La Luna Records, 2021)
  • “Skateboard Flowers” on It’s Not Easy Being Human by Islander (Better Noise, 2022)


  1. ^ "H.R." AllMusic. Archived from the original on 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b "HR's Biography". HR Music. Archived from the original on 19 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "New Documentary on H.R. of Bad Brains Sheds Light on His Untold Story". 6 December 2016. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  4. ^ "KFTH – Bad Brains Page". Homepages.nyu.edu. Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
  5. ^ Pollicino, Raul. "Who Is Who - Bad Brains". www.beastiemania.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2005. Retrieved 2 August 2005.
  6. ^ Calore, Michael. "Documentary Bad Brains: A Band in D.C. Sheds Light on Punk Group's Legacy". WIRED. Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 June 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Finding Joseph I - Lesser Gods". Lessergodsbooks.com. Archived from the original on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  9. ^ Kreps, Daniel (16 March 2016). "Bad Brains' H.R. Raising Money to Combat Headache Disorder". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Bad Brains' H.R. 'Looks Good' After Undergoing Brain Surgery". Loudwire. Archived from the original on 19 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.

External links[edit]