H. E. Bailey Turnpike

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H.E. Bailey Turnpike marker

H. E. Bailey Turnpike
Route information
Maintained by OTA
Existed: April 23, 1964[1] – present
History: Norman Spur completed October 19, 2001
Component
highways:
I-44 entire length (Mainline)
Western (Southern) Segment
Length: 25.0 mi[2] (40.2 km)
West end: I-44 / US-70 / US-277 / US-281 near Randlett
East end: I-44 / US-277 / US-281 / SH-36 near Geronimo
Eastern (Northern) Segment
Length: 61.4 mi[2] (98.8 km)
West end: I-44 / US-62 / US-277 / US-281 near Lawton
Major
junctions:
US-81 / US-277 in Chickasha
US-62 / US-277 / SH-9 in Chickasha
East end: I-44 / US-62 / US-277 in Newcastle
Norman Spur
Length: 8.2 mi[2] (13.2 km)
West end: I-44 / SH-5 near Bridge Creek
East end: US-62 / SH-9 near Blanchard
Highway system
Oklahoma State Highway System

The H. E. Bailey Turnpike is an 86.4-mile (139.0 km) toll road in the southwestern region of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The route, opened on April 23, 1964, is a four-lane limited access highway that connects Oklahoma City to Lawton in its northern section and Lawton to Wichita Falls along its southern section, paralleling. The turnpike also includes an 8.2-mile (13.2 km) spur route that leads toward Norman, Oklahoma. The entire mainline runs roughly parallel to US Route 277. Since 1982, it has been signed as a part of Interstate 44, and as such uses its mileposts.[3] Travel along the full length of the toll road costs $5.50 for a two-axle vehicle.

Route description[edit]

The H. E. Bailey Turnpike takes a generally south to north route from Wichita Falls to Lawton before turning northeast toward Oklahoma City. The turnpike's 25 miles (40 km) southern section begins at US 70, 6 miles (9.7 km) north of the Texas state line. US 277 and US 281 leave I-44 at US 70, and together run parallel to the Turnpike. The turnpike runs north-northeast for 15 miles, intersecting SH 5 along with US 277 and US 281. A toll plaza is located underneath the SH 5 overpass; loop ramps feed all entering and exiting traffic into the toll plaza. Just north of SH 5, a Service Area is located in the median of the turnpike, featuring food, fuel, and restroom amenities, as well as an Oklahoma Welcome Center. The turnpike then continues north for ten more miles until it again reaches US 277 and US 281, also intersecting SH 36. The turnpike temporarily ends at this interchange, and the two US Routes join a free ODOT-maintained I-44 through Lawton.

After leaving the Lawton/Fort Sill area, US Highway 62, having joined the I-44 freeway in Lawton, along with US 277 and US 281, once again leave I-44 at an interchange north of Lawton, marking the south end of the northern 61.4-mile (98.8 km) section of the turnpike. The turnpike proceeds northeast, coming to an Interchange with US 277 at Elgin. A toll plaza is located near Mile 66. This plaza replaced an older facility just south of Chickasha in 2017[4]. The turnpike continues toward Chickasha, intersecting US 81 and US 277 at the first interchange. A second interchange again junctions US 277, along with US 62 and SH 9. North of Chickasha, a Service Area is located in the median, which provides food, fuel, and restroom services. The turnpike goes north through northern Grady County, coming to a second toll plaza at Mile 97. The turnpike then has a cloverleaf interchange with the Norman Spur and SH 4. The turnpike continues northeast for ten more miles before ending at the interchange of US-62 and US 277 north of Newcastle where the three routes continue to Oklahoma City as an urban freeway.[5]

Aside from the mainline, the turnpike also consists of a 8.2-mile (13.2 km) extension southwest of Newcastle also referred to as the H. E. Bailey Norman Spur. It connects I-44 and SH 4 to SH 9 and provides a shorter route to Norman when traveling from Lawton.[6] The spur proceeds east from the mainline turnpike, and almost immediately comes to a toll plaza. Two miles east, the turnpike intersects SH 76. The Norman Spur ends at the interchange with US 62, US 277, and SH 9. Traffic coming off the spur continues straight, and is joined by SH 9 which continues the rest of the way to Norman as a divided highway.

History[edit]

Ideas for connecting Lawton and Oklahoma City started in 1953. The state highways between Oklahoma City and Lawton, were dangerously narrow, which included many 'cramped, death-trap' bridges. The route was not part of any federal interstate highway system plans, so only a turnpike was feasible.[7] Oklahoma Senate Bill 454, which amended House Bill 933 that authorized creation of the Will Rogers Turnpike, allowed creation of a southwest turnpike and a proposed turnpike connecting Oklahoma City toward Wichita, Kansas, which was later constructed by the Oklahoma Department of Transportation and became Interstate 35.[1]

Both HB 933 and SB 454 were submitted as State Question 359 and 360 and passed on January 26, 1954. On July 1960, an economic feasibility study was completed for the H.E. Bailey Turnpike and on November 1961, $56 Million in bonds were issued for the turnpike's construction.[1] The north section of the H. E. Bailey from southwest Oklahoma City to north Lawton was completed on March 1, 1964. The south section from south Lawton to the Texas border was completed on April 23, 1964.[1]

In 1982, as part of the Oklahoma's 75th statehood "Diamond Jubilee" celebrations, I-44 was signed through Oklahoma City to the Red River encompassing the turnpike.[3][8] On October 19, 2001, the H. E. Bailey Norman Spur connecting I-44 to State Highway 9 was opened.[1][9]

The route's namesake, H. E. Bailey, served as the city manager of Oklahoma City from 1941 to 1944, and later as the director of the Oklahoma Department of Transportation.[10]

Tolls[edit]

A two-axle vehicle currently pays $5.50 ($5.05 with Pikepass) to drive the full length of the Turnpike and an additional 65¢ (60¢ with Pikepass) to drive the Norman Spur. PikePass customers get free toll on the Norman Spur if they also pass through the Newcastle Mainline Toll Plaza on the same trip. Lesser tolls are also charged at some entrance ramps where Shunpiking would otherwise be possible. [2]

Full toll plazas on the H.E. Bailey Turnpike are located near the intersection with the H.E. Bailey Norman Spur, southwest of Chickasha, and under the overpass at SH-5 (Walters exit). Unattended ramp toll plazas are located at US-62 (Chickasha/Anadarko exit - eastbound exit and westbound entrance only), US-277 (Elgin/Fletcher exit - eastbound exit and westbound entrance only) on the I-44 portion of the turnpike and at SH-76 (Blanchard/Tuttle exit - westbound exit and eastbound entrance only) on the Norman Spur.

Services[edit]

Law enforcement along the H. E. Bailey Turnpike is provided by Oklahoma Highway Patrol Troop YC, a special troop assigned to the turnpike.[11]

The turnpike has two service areas with both located in the median of the highway. The Walters Service Area is located north of exit number 20. The Chickasha Service Area is located north of exit number 83. Both service areas offer food, gas, and a convenience store.[5]

Exit list[edit]

Mainline[edit]

Southern Segment[edit]

County Location mi km Exit Destinations Notes
Cotton 5.7 9.2 West End of Turnpike
I-44 / US-277 / US-281 continue south toward Wichita Falls, TX
5.7 9.2 5 US-70 / US-277 north / US-281 north – Waurika, Randlett Last free exit eastbound, eastern terminus of US-277/US-281 concurrency
Walters 20.2 32.5 20 SH-5 / US-277 / US-281 – Walters Walters toll plaza is located at this interchange
Comanche 30.3 48.8 30 US-277 south / US-281 south / SH-36 west – Geronimo, Faxon, Frederick Last free exit westbound, western terminus of US-277/US-281 concurrency
30.6 49.2 East End of Western Section
I-44 / US-277 / US-281 continue into Lawton
Lawton Pioneer Expressway (free highway through Lawton)
46.2 74.4 West End of Eastern Section
I-44 / US-62 / US-277 / US-281 continue into Lawton
46.6 75.0 46 US-62 east / US-277 north / US-281 north – Elgin, Apache, Anadarko Last free exit eastbound, eastbound exit and westbound entrance, eastern terminus of US-62/US-277/US-281 concurrency
Elgin 53.2 85.6 53 US-277 – Fletcher, Elgin, Sterling
62.0 99.8 62 Fletcher, Cyril, Sterling Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Grady 66.1 106.4 Chickasha Toll Plaza
Chickasha 80.5 129.6 80 US-81 (US-277) – Duncan, Chickasha
83.0 133.6 83 US-62 (US-277) – Chickasha, Anadarko
97.3 156.6 Newcastle Toll Plaza
99.1 159.5 99A H. E. Bailey Spur – Blanchard, Norman
99.1 159.5 99B SH-4 – Yukon, Mustang, Tuttle
McClain Newcastle 107.1 172.4 107 US-62 west / US-277 south – Newcastle, Blanchard Last free exit westbound, western terminus of US-62 concurrency
107.3 172.7 East End of Turnpike
I-44 / US-62 / US-277 continue toward Oklahoma City
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

H. E. Bailey Norman Spur[edit]

Note: Mile numbers on the Norman Spur are posted 100 more than the mile they represent. For example, Mile 4 is posted as mile 104. Exits on the Norman Spur are un-numbered.

County Location mi[12] km Destinations Notes
Grady 0.0 0.0 West end of Norman Spur
SH-4 continues north toward Tuttle and Mustang
0.0 0.0 I-44 / H.E. Bailey Turnpike (mainline) – Oklahoma City, Lawton
1.0 1.6 Toll plaza
McClain 3.6 5.8 SH-76 – Blanchard
7.7 12.4 US-62 / US-277 / SH-9 west – Blanchard, Newcastle Last free exit westbound, western terminus of SH-9 concurrency
7.8 12.6 East End of Norman Spur
SH-9 continues east toward Norman
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Oklahoma Turnpike Authority. "OTA History". Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  2. ^ a b c d Oklahoma Turnpike Authority. "Toll/Fares Chart". Archived from the original on 2011-05-02. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  3. ^ a b "I-240 Section Changing to I-44". The Daily Oklahoman. 1982-10-09. 
  4. ^ http://swoknews.com/business/new-toll-plaza-moves-south-chickasha
  5. ^ a b Official State Highway Map (Map) (2009-2010 ed.). Oklahoma Department of Transportation. 
  6. ^ "Bailey Turnpike's new spur to open". The Oklahoman. 2001-10-18. 
  7. ^ Harris, Fred R. (2008). Does People do it: a memoir. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-8061-3913-5. 
  8. ^ 1983 Official State Map (Map) (1983 ed.). Oklahoma Department of Transportation. 
  9. ^ The Oklahoman (2001-10-18). "Bailey Turnpike's new spur to open". 
  10. ^ "City of Oklahoma City: City Manager". Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  11. ^ "Oklahoma Highway Patrol". Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  12. ^ Google Maps (Map). Cartography by NAVTEQ. Google Inc. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata