H. M. Knight

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Sir Harold Knight
3rd Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia
In office
July 1975 – August 1982
Preceded by J. G. Phillips
Succeeded by R. A. Johnston
Personal details
Born Harold Murray Knight
(1919-08-13)13 August 1919[1]
Melbourne, Victoria
Died 19 June 2015(2015-06-19) (aged 95)
Sydney, New South Wales
Nationality Australian
Spouse(s) Gwenyth Catherine Knight
Alma mater University of Melbourne
Profession Economist
Military service
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Australian Army (1940–43)
Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve (1943–46)
Years of service 1940–1946
Rank Lieutenant
Unit Royal Australian Engineers
HMAS Polaris
HMAS Lonsdale
Awards Distinguished Service Cross

Sir Harold Murray Knight KBE, DSC (13 August 1919 – 19 June 2015) was an Australian economist. He was the third Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia, serving from 1975 to 1982.[2]

He was educated at Scotch College, Melbourne (1933–1935)[3] and Melbourne University where he was resident at Trinity College. He graduated with a Master of Commerce degree.

During World War II, Knight enlisted in the Australian Army on 1 July 1940.[4] In 1943, he transferred to the Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve, where he served on the survey ship HMAS Polaris and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for distinguished service in successful survey work under dangerous conditions in the Far East.[5]

He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the New Year's Day Honours of 1980.[6]

He was the grandfather of novelist Dominic Knight, and of artist Jasper Knight, whose portrait of him was shortlisted for the Archibald Prize in 2006.[7]


  1. ^ International Who's Who 2004. Retrieved 22 June 2015
  2. ^ "RBA: Passing of Sir Harold Knight KBE DSC". rba.gov.au. 
  3. ^ James Mitchell, A Deepening Roar – Scotch College, Melbourne, 1851–2001, Allen & Unwin, 2001, pages 531 and 537
  4. ^ "KNIGHT, HAROLD MURRAY". WW2 Nominal Roll. Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "No. 36958". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 February 1945. p. 1130. 
  6. ^ "It's an Honour – Honours – Search Australian Honours". itsanhonour.gov.au. 
  7. ^ "Jasper Knight". nsw.gov.au. 
Government offices
Preceded by
J. G. Phillips
Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia
Succeeded by
R. A. Johnston