H. S. Wong
Wong was also known as Wang Haisheng (Chinese: 王海升) or Wang Xiaoting (Chinese: 王小亭). He owned a camera shop in Shanghai. For capturing moving images he used an Eyemo newsreel camera, and for still photography he used a Leica.
In the 1920s and 1930s, H. S. Wong worked in China and provided photographs and films for various newspapers and agencies, such as Hearst Metrotone News and Shanghai News. Wong's most famous photo, "Bloody Saturday" or "Shanghai Baby", was taken during the Battle of Shanghai in the Second Sino-Japanese War. It shows a baby sitting up and crying amid the bombed-out wreckage of Shanghai South Railway Station. Within a year of its publishing, the photo was seen by more than 136 million people. In 2010, Wong was honored as a pioneering Asian-American journalist by the Asian American Journalists Association.
Wong filmed more newsreels covering Japanese attacks in China, including the Battle of Xuzhou in May 1938 and aerial bombings in Guangzhou in June. At times, he placed himself in danger to get a photo; once was subjected to bombing and strafing by Japanese aircraft. After angering the Japanese by documenting the violence of their attacks, the Japanese government put a bounty of $50,000 on his head. In China, he operated under British protection, but continued death threats from Japanese nationalists drove him to leave Shanghai with his family and to relocate to Hong Kong.
Later life and death
- "Cinema: Shanghai, Shambl". Time. Time, Inc. September 13, 1937.
- "王小亭 1900~1983". 《他們是歷史的目擊者》─民國40年代台灣攝影記者作品展 (in Chinese). imagecoffee.net. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- 邢定威 (2005-09-01). "王小亭"觀看"的力量" (in Chinese). 台灣記協 (Association of Taiwan Journalists). Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Van der Veen, Maurits (2003). Uriel's Legacy. Trafford Publishing. p. 262. ISBN 1-55395-462-9.
- "Honor Roll List: Pioneers, past and present". Asian American Journalists Association. December 24, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- "Library Contents Listed Year-by-Year: 1938". The 1930s: Prelude to War Video Library. UCLA Film and Television Archive. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Ezickson, A. J. (1938). Get That Picture! – The Story of the News Cameraman. New York: National Library Press. p. 148.
- French, Paul (2009). Through the looking glass: China's foreign journalists from opium wars to Mao. Hong Kong University Press. p. 192. ISBN 962-209-982-3.
- Faber, John (1978). Great news photos and the stories behind them (2 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. pp. 74–75. ISBN 0-486-23667-6.
- "'Newsreel' Wang succumbs at 81". Taiwan Today. Government Information Office, Republic of China (Taiwan). May 1, 1981. Retrieved January 18, 2011.