H. W. Brands
H. W. Brands
Brands at the 2012 Texas Book Festival
Henry William Brands Jr.
August 7, 1953 (age 67)
|Other names||Bill Brands|
|Known for||American history|
Henry William Brands Jr. (born August 7, 1953 in Portland, Oregon) is an American historian. He holds the Jack S. Blanton Sr. Chair in History at the University of Texas at Austin, where he earned his Ph.D. in history in 1985. He has authored 30 books on U.S. history. His works have twice been selected as finalists for the Pulitzer Prize. His son Hal Brands is also a historian.
Early life and education
Born in 1953, Brands grew up in Oregon in the Portland metropolitan area. He attended Jesuit High School, where he was a three-sport athlete and National Merit Scholar. Brands enrolled at Stanford University studying mathematics and history, receiving his undergraduate degree in history in 1975. Following graduation he worked for a year doing sales in his family's cutlery business before returning to Jesuit to teach mathematics. He taught at the high school for the next five years. While doing so he earned a M.A. in Liberal Studies from Reed College in 1978, followed by an M.S. in Mathematics from Portland State in 1981. During this period he came to realize that he wanted to write for a living, and determined his love of history might provide an avenue for him to do so. He enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin to study under historian Robert A. Divine. He wrote his dissertation on the Eisenhower administration and its foreign policy during the Cold War, earning his Ph.D. in History in 1985.
While working on his doctorate, Brands taught social studies and math—courses including world history, American history, Algebra II and calculus—at Kirby Hall School and Austin Community College District. His preferred method of transit was his bicycle as he commuted between classes at the University of Texas and his teaching responsibilities at the college preparatory school on the fringe of the UT campus and ACC's Rio Grande site in Central Austin. In his first year after completing his doctorate, Brands worked as an oral historian at the University of Texas School of Law. The year following he taught at Vanderbilt University. In 1987 he took a position at Texas A&M University, where he remained for the next seventeen years. He made the daily commute from his home in Austin to teach in College Station. In 2005, he joined the faculty at the University of Texas at Austin, where he is currently the Dickson Allen Anderson Centennial Professor of History and Professor of Government. At the University of Texas, Brands holds the Jack S. Blanton Sr. Chair in History.
Examples of Brands' biographical histories include his biographies on Benjamin Franklin, covering the colonial period and the Revolutionary War; Andrew Jackson, covering the War of 1812, western expansion and the conflict over the National Bank; Ulysses S. Grant, covering the Civil War and Reconstruction; Theodore Roosevelt, covering the Industrial Era and the Progressive Movement; and Franklin D. Roosevelt, covering the Great Depression, the New Deal, the Second World War, and the ascension of the U.S. as an international power.
He takes a progressive view on the nation's founders and the United States Constitution, arguing that the founders were at heart radicals who were willing to challenge the status quo in search of a better future. That being so, he believes that Americans today should not be constrained by the views of self-government held by the founders. "In revering the founders we undervalue ourselves and sabotage our own efforts to make necessary improvements in the republican experiment they began. Our love of the founders leads us to abandon and even betray the principles they fought for." He believes the framers would not want the Constitution to be interpreted by the idea of original intent, and believes that we are in error when we view the founders in a "deified" way. "The one thing that [the Founders] did have was an audacity to challenge conventional wisdom."
Brands believes that Americans place too much importance on the individual in the White House. "We have this very interesting relationship with the presidents where the president is supposed to be one of us, but on the other hand he represents everybody so he is sort of above all of us. We make too much of presidents, but we can hardly help ourselves." Though noting the power of the Office of the President has increased greatly since the opening of the twentieth century, when the United States emerged as a significant world power and U.S. foreign policy became far more important, Brands believes that popular focus on the president is excessive. "We have a cult of the president, where we make too big a deal of the president."
In addition to his works on US history, Brands has works on the economic development of the United States and biographies of key leaders in corporate America. His books are known for their readability and narrative thrust. He has authored twenty-four books, co-authored three others with T. H. Breen, and produced numerous articles that have been featured in newspapers and magazines. His writings have received critical and popular acclaim. The First American was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and the Los Angeles Times Prize, as well as a New York Times bestseller. The Age of Gold was a Washington Post Best Book of 2002 and a San Francisco Chronicle bestseller. Andrew Jackson was a Chicago Tribune Best Book of 2005 and a Washington Post bestseller. What America Owes the World was a finalist for the Lionel Gelber Prize in international affairs. The Wages of Globalism was a Choice Outstanding Academic Book winner. Lone Star Nation won the Deolece Parmelee Award. Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt was his second finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. He has appeared in the documentaries The Presidents (2005), 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America (2006), America: The Story of Us (2010), The Men Who Built America (2012), "The World Wars " (2014), and The Eighties (miniseries) (2016). His writings have been published in several countries and translated into German, French, Russian, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.
- Cold Warriors: Eisenhower's Generation and American Foreign Policy (1988), ISBN 0231065264
- The Specter of Neutralism: The United States and the Emergence of the Third World, 1947-1960 (1989), ISBN 023107168X
- India and the United States: The Cold Peace (1990), ISBN 0805792074
- Inside the Cold War: Loy Henderson and the Rise of the American Empire, 1918-1961 (1991), ISBN 019506707X
- Bound to Empire: The United States and the Philippines (1992), ISBN 0-19-507104-2
- The Devil We Knew: Americans and the Cold War (1993), ISBN 0195074998
- The United States in the World: A History of American Foreign Policy (1994), ISBN 0395621801
- Into the Labyrinth: The United States and the Middle East, 1945-1993 (1994), ISBN 0070071888
- The Reckless Decade: America in the 1890s (1995), ISBN 0-312-13594-7
- Since Vietnam: The United States in World Affairs, 1973-1995 (1995), ISBN 0070071969
- The Wages of Globalism: Lyndon Johnson and the Limits of American Power (1995), ISBN 0195078888
- TR: The Last Romantic (1997), ISBN 0-465-06958-4
- What America Owes the World: The Struggle for the Soul of Foreign Policy (1998), ISBN 0521630312
- Masters of Enterprise: Giants of American Business from John Jacob Astor and J. P. Morgan to Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey (1999), ISBN 0684854732
- The First American: The Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin (2000), ISBN 0-385-49328-2
- The Strange Death of American Liberalism (2001), ISBN 0300090218
- The Age of Gold: The California Gold Rush and the New American Dream (2002), ISBN 0385502168
- Woodrow Wilson (2003), ISBN 0-8050-6955-0
- Lone Star Nation: The Epic Story of the Battle for Texas Independence (2004), ISBN 0-385-50737-2
- Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times (2005), ISBN 0385507380
- The Money Men: Capitalism, Democracy, and the Hundred Years' War Over the American Dollar (2006), ISBN 0-393-06184-1
- Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (2008), ISBN 978-0-385-51958-8
- America Past and Present coauthored textbook; (9th Edition, 2010)
- American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism, 1865-1900 (2010), ISBN 9780385523332
- American Dreams: The United States Since 1945 (2010), ISBN 9781594202629
- Greenback Planet: How the Dollar Conquered the World and Threatened Civilization as We Know It (2011), ISBN 9780292723412
- American Stories: A History of The United States, coauthored textbook (2nd ed. 2011)
- The Murder of Jim Fisk for the Love of Josie Mansfield [American Portraits series] (2011), ISBN 9780307743251
- The Man Who Saved the Union: Ulysses Grant in War and Peace (2012), ISBN 9780385532419
- The Heartbreak of Aaron Burr [American Portraits series] (2012), ISBN 9780307743268
- Reagan: The Life (2015), ISBN 0385536399
- The General vs. the President: MacArthur and Truman at the Brink of Nuclear War (2016), ISBN 0385540574
- Heirs of the Founders: The Epic Rivalry of Henry Clay, John Calhoun and Daniel Webster, the Second Generation of American Giants (2018), ISBN 9780385542531
- Dreams of El Dorado: A History of the American West (2019), ISBN 9781541672529
- The Zealot and the Emancipator: John Brown, Abraham Lincoln and the Struggle for American Freedom (2020), ISBN 9780385544009
- The Foreign Policies of Lyndon Johnson: Beyond Vietnam (1999)
- The Use of Force after the Cold War (2000)
- Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History (2000), with Martin J. Medhurst
- The Selected Letters of Theodore Roosevelt (2001)
- "2001 Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "2009 Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
Nominated Finalists are selected by the Nominating Juries for each category as finalists in the competition.
- Muscolino, Joe (2013-05-28). "Behind the Books with H.W. Brands, Author of The Man Who Saved the Union". Biographile. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
- C-Span In Depth interview, 3 July 2005
- "H.W. Brands Biography". BookBrowse. 5 July 2011.
- H. W. Brands (2012-08-16). "Hauenstein Lecture: The Cost of Greatness". Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
- Brands, H.W. (September 2003). "Our reverence for the Fathers has gotten out of hand". Atlantic Monthly.
- Walker, Tim (13 September 2002). "The World as He Knows It: H.W. Brands' "The Age of Gold" is his 16th book in 15 years -- and he has only just begun". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- H. W. Brands (2013-03-07). "Hauenstein Lecture: Persona of the Presidency". Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2014-03-12.
- Brands, H.W. (2012-11-30). "Don't Dare to Be Great: The Paradoxes of Presidential History". SMU Center for Presidential History.
- Vognar, Chris (28 January 2011). "Interview: H.W. Brands writes history for real people". Dallas News. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to H. W. Brands.|
- H.W. Brands official website
- Website at The University of Texas at Austin
- Hauenstein Center Lectures
- Booknotes interview The Reckless Decade: America in the 1890s 25 February 1996
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- C-SPAN In Depth interview, 3 July 2005
- Brands discusses Traitor to His Class, Pritzker Military Museum & Library, 22 January 2009
- Brands discusses American Colossus: The Triumph of Capitalism 1865-1900 at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library on November 4, 2010
- Hauenstein lecture on taking the measure of American presidents, 7 March 2013
- History through Haiku History as presented through twitter.
- Coast Cutlery