HAL Bangalore Airport

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HAL Bangalore Airport
ಹಾಲ್ ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು ವಿಮಾನ ನಿಲ್ದಾಣ
Bangalore HAL Airport, June 2007.jpg
Airport type Military
Location Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Elevation AMSL 2,912 ft / 888 m
Coordinates 12°57′0″N 77°40′6″E / 12.95000°N 77.66833°E / 12.95000; 77.66833Coordinates: 12°57′0″N 77°40′6″E / 12.95000°N 77.66833°E / 12.95000; 77.66833
Website http://aai.aero
HAL Bangalore Airport is located in Karnataka
HAL Bangalore Airport
HAL Bangalore Airport
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 10,850 3,307 Asphalt

HAL Bangalore Airport (ICAO: VOBG), also known as HAL Airport or Hindustan Airport, is an airport located in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Due to its location in the heart of the city, it is the preferred destination for general and business aviation. The airport is also used as a testing facility by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and the Indian Armed Forces. It served as the city's domestic and international airport until 24 May 2008, when it was replaced by the new Bengaluru International Airport in Devanahalli. There have since been repeated attempts to restart commercial service at the airport.


HAL Airport in 1947.
British Airways Boeing 747-400 preparing for departure.

The airport was constructed in 1940 by Walchand Hirachand, founder of Hindustan Aircraft Company (now Hindustan Aeronautics Limited), as an aircraft manufacturing centre. Two years later, the airport was seized by the Royal Air Force to aid in their protection of India from Japan during World War II.[1][2]

In 1964 the airport was acquired by newly established Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.[3][4] Commercial flights, initially only domestic, began in 1980.[3]

The first international flights from HAL Airport began in 1997.[5] In September 2001, Lufthansa commenced flights between Frankfurt and Bangalore, marking the airport's first nonstop link to Europe.[6] British Airways and Air France followed in October 2005 with flights to London and Paris, respectively.[7][8] In the same month, Northwest Airlines was to begin the first direct service between Bangalore and the United States, from Seattle via Amsterdam. However, due to the airline's poor financial condition at the time and rising fuel costs, Northwest canceled its plans.[9]

Transfer of civilian operations[edit]

During the 2000s, commercial traffic to HAL Airport was rising at a rate of roughly 35% per year. Between 2006 and 2007 the airport received 8.2 million passengers, well above its capacity of 3.6 million.[10]

Because of this, in July 2004 the Government of India permitted the construction of another airport for Bangalore, situated 30 km (19 mi) from the city in Devanahalli.[11][12] The new airport, named Bengaluru International Airport (BIAL), opened on 24 May 2008. Per the Government's decision that no two commercial airports could exist within a 150 km (93 mi) radius, all passenger flights were transferred from HAL Airport to BIAL.

Since then, there have been several attempts to reinstate commercial air service at HAL Airport. Shortly before BIAL's opening, 20,000 employees of the Airports Authority of India went on strike against the closure of HAL Airport and Begumpet Airport in Hyderabad.[13] In January 2015, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar appealed to the Civil Aviation Minister to reopen HAL Airport, citing its loss of revenue and its convenient location within Bangalore.[14] However, the Indian Government has repeatedly denied these requests in accordance with its 150 km policy.


Landside structures[edit]

There were separate check-in sections for domestic and international departures and arrivals. The airport has two aerobridges.

Airside structures[edit]

HAL Airport has one runway, oriented to 90/270 degrees. There are 4 entry/exit taxiways, 2 on the east side called E2 (perimeter) and E1. Similarly there are 2 taxiways to the west side - W2 (perimeter) and W1.

There are now 6 aprons, apron 1 through apron 6. Apron 1 is the main apron, and has 10 parking bays. Bay 5 and bay 6 correspond to the 2 aerobridges. Airport has got more than 30 bays.

Incidents and accidents[edit]


  1. ^ "HAL airport wears desert look after BIA launch". Oneindia. 24 May 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "Our History". Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Airport Services Centre Bangalore: Brief History". Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  4. ^ Mukherjee, Andy (2 June 2008). "New Bangalore airport is a dream going sour". livemint.com. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  5. ^ Hollis, Leo (2013). Cities are Good for You: The Genius of the Metropolis. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 109.
  6. ^ Lufthansa services from Bangalore. The Hindu. 3 September 2001. Archived from the original on 6 November 2004. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Explore our past: 2000 - 2009". British Airways. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  8. ^ AIR FRANCE CONTINUES TO EXPAND SERVICES TO INDIA WITH A NEW ROUTE TO BANGALORE, ITS FIFTH DESTINATION IN INDIA, LAUNCHED ON 30 OCTOBER 2005. Air France. 14 December 2005. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
  9. ^ Northwest Airlines suspends flight. Press Trust of India via The Economic Times. 31 October 2005. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ "Passenger traffic grows 35% at Bangalore airport". The Hindu Business Line. 29 December 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Pact for Bangalore airport signed". The Economic Times. 5 July 2004. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  12. ^ David, Stephen (29 July 2004). "On the runway: Bangalore International Airport to be India's first private sector-led project". India Today. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  13. ^ Slow take-off for airport stir. Indo-Asian News Service via Gulf News. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  14. ^ Ajmer, Singh (16 January 2015). Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar wants Bengaluru’s shut-down HAL airport reopened. The Economic Times. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  15. ^ Flight 605 at the Aviation Safety Network
  16. ^ Incident report at the Aviation Safety Network
  17. ^ Chopper crash-lands at HAL Airport
  18. ^ Pilot killed as MiG crashes in Bangalore
  19. ^ Incident report at the Aviation Safety Network
  20. ^ Air Deccan aircraft skids off runway
  21. ^ Incident report at the Aviation Safety Network
  22. ^ Plane crash-lands at Bangalore Airport
  23. ^ Air traffic disrupted as cargo aircraft gets stuck on runway
  24. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David (30 April 2010). Crashed Saras lost stability during re-light test. Flightglobal. Retrieved 25 November 2015.

External links[edit]