HDBaseT

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HDBaseT
HDBaseT logo.svg
HDBaseT Alliance logo
Type Consumer electronic networking cable
Designer HDBaseT Alliance
Designed June 2010
Length 100 metres (330 ft), including the support of multi hops (8 x 100 m)
Hot pluggable Yes
Daisy chain Yes
Audio signal Yes
Video signal Yes, supports TV and PC video formats including standard, enhanced, high-definition, ultra high-definition (4k), and 3D video.
Cable Cat5e / Cat6
Connector 8P8C
Signal charging power up to 100 W[1]
Data signal Yes, also with Fast Ethernet (100 Mbit/s)
Bitrate 10.2 Gbit/s[1]

HDBaseT, promoted and advanced by the HDBaseT Alliance, is a consumer electronic (CE) and commercial connectivity standard for transmission of uncompressed high-definition video (HD), audio, power, home networking, Ethernet, USB, and some control signals, over a common category cable (Cat5e or above) using the same 8P8C modular connectors used by Ethernet.[2]

History[edit]

The HDBaseT Alliance, incorporated on June 14, 2010 by Samsung Electronics, Sony Pictures Entertainment, LG Electronics and Valens, was developed to promote the HDBaseT standard originally created by Valens.[3] The HDBaseT 1.0 specification was also finalized in June 2010.[4] External accessories, such as dongles, were on the market in 2010 for devices not yet embedded with HDBaseT.[5] Products were demonstrated at the 2013 Consumer Electronics Show.[6]

In mid-2013, the HDBaseT Alliance issued Spec 2.0, an update to the original specification, which enriches the HDBaseT offering to the pro-AV market, and enables a multimedia home connectivity solution. Spec 2.0 specifies the HDBaseT network protocol, defining the required adaptations across all layers of the OSI model, to provide the optimized services for time sensitive applications, such as high throughput video and audio. Spec 2.0 maintains all the features of Spec 1.0, but also adds networking, switching, and control-point capabilities such as flexible and fully utilized mesh topology, distributed routing, and end-to-end error handling, enabling multipoint-to-multipoint connectivity and multistreaming. Spec 2.0 also embeds USB 2.0, enabling touch-screen functionality and keyboard-video-mouse (KVM) for no-latency transmission of ultra-high-definition audio and video. It also specifies either category cable or fiber as the transmission medium.

The IEEE has announced that HDBaseT has been accepted as the IEEE 1911 standard.[7]

An Internet Protocol (IP) version of HDBaseT was demonstrated in 2017.[8]

Features[edit]

HDBaseT is transmitted over category 5e cables or above up to 100 m (328 ft) long, with 8P8C modular connectors of the type commonly used for Ethernet local area network connections.[9][10]

HDBaseT transmits uncompressed ultra-high-definition video (up to 4K), audio, power over HDBaseT (PoH - up to 100W), Ethernet, USB, and a series of controls such as RS232 and IR.

HDBaseT is complementary to standards such as HDMI, and it is an alternative to radio frequency, coaxial cable, composite video, S-Video, SCART, component video, D-Terminal, or VGA. HDBaseT connects and networks CE devices such as set-top boxes except Cisco and Scientific Atlantic boxes, DVD players, Blu-ray Disc players, personal computers (PCs), video game consoles, switches, matrices, projectors, and AV receivers to compatible digital audio devices, computer monitors, and digital televisions.[11][12]

Video[edit]

HDBaseT delivers uncompressed ultra-HD video (up to 4K) to a network of devices or as a point-to-point connection. Uncompressed content supports all video sources, including legacy products, accurately renders gaming graphics and features such as electronic program guides, and does not degrade video quality or add latency. It supports TV and PC video formats, including standard, enhanced, high-definition, ultra-HD (4K), and 3D video.[13] Due to bitrate limitations of 10.2 Gbit/s instead of the required 18 Gbit/s in the HDMI 2.0 specification, HDBaseT 2.0 can only support uncompressed 4K at 30 Hz with 4:4:4 color coding, or 4K at 60 Hz with 4:2:0 color coding, but not the full 60 Hz with 4:4:4 color.[14]. However, using either very light visually-lossless compression or color space conversion (CSC), it is possible to pass 4K/60/4:4:4 formats over an HDBaseT 2.0 link. The visually-lossless compression also provides support for HDR10 formats.[citation needed]

Audio[edit]

Audio is a requirement for most consumer electronics devices. Audio is passed through the same media as video, so all standard formats are included.[13] HDBaseT does not support the Audio Return Channel (ARC), a feature found on HDMI 1.4.

Ethernet[edit]

HDBaseT supports the 100 Mbit/s version of Ethernet over twisted pair. This can provide Internet access, or enable televisions, stereos, computers and other CE devices to communicate with each other and access multimedia content, including video, pictures and music stored on the local network.[13]

Power over HDBaseT[edit]

Sending power over the same LAN cable gives the option to forgo plugging devices into the wall for power. HDBaseT uses a variation of Power over Ethernet (PoE) standard called "power over HDBaseT" to provide up to 100W of power to CE devices, such as Blu-ray players, monitors and TVs, and eliminate the need for external power cables. HDBaseT can power remote TVs and other devices up to 100 watts. A 60" TV connected via an HDBaseT-enabled Cat5e/6 cable requires no power source.[13]

Control signals[edit]

HDBaseT delivers control signals starting from CEC that operates basic functionality such as power-on, power-off and play/stop, to RS232/USB and IR commands.[13]

Variants and application fields[edit]

Audiovisual[edit]

Feature attributes of the specification are "5Play feature set, the converged delivery of uncompressed ultra-high-definition digital video and audio, Ethernet, control signals, USB 2.0, and up to 100W of power through a single, 100m/328ft LAN cable."[15]

Automotive[edit]

Key parameters of the specification are "6Gbs tunneling of video & data, with native networking capabilities over 15m (50ft) of a single unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable."[16]

Consumer[edit]

This variant of the specification "can distribute audio, video, Ethernet, controls, USB and power over one category cable for 100m/328ft."[17] Depictions do suggest usage in a system with a central media cabinet and a distribution hub. Applications could be home entertainment and media delivery as a hotel service.

Industrial[edit]

This setup claims to make "use of a single category cable to meet all of industrial PC requirements, offering video & audio, Ethernet, controls, USB 2.0 and power over 100m/328ft."[18] Further descriptions and depictions indicate the ability of daisy-chaining, usage of fiber optics for length extending, bi-directional tunneled USB connections and KVM-switch (keyboard/video/mouse) functionality that is for example usable for various types of terminal applications.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Technology Comparison Table" (PDF). HDBaseT.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-04.
  2. ^ "HDBaseT Alliance". Web site. HDBaseT.org.
  3. ^ "Valens HDBaseT tech carries HD video, audio and internet over Ethernet". Engadget. Archived from the original on 2012-02-28.
  4. ^ HDBaseT Alliance Announces Incorporation, Finalized Specification. Fierce Wireless, June 29, 2010
  5. ^ Interview with Micha Risling from the HDBaseT Alliance. Display Standard, March 2010
  6. ^ "HDBaseT Alliance Shows the Future of Connected Home Entertainment at CES 2013" (PDF). News release. January 9, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ IEEE to Adopt the HDBaseT Standard for Ultra-High-Definition Digital Connectivity, 6 January 2015
  8. ^ Valens @ ISE 2017 presenting HDBaseT over IP, Feb 16, 2017
  9. ^ Samsung, LG, Sony and Valens form HDBaseT Alliance. Audio Video Revolution, December 17, 2009
  10. ^ 5Play Convergence and the Next HD Digital Connectivity Standard-White Paper Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine.. Valens Semiconductor, accessed March 23, 2010
  11. ^ Valens HDBaseT tech carries HD video, audio and internet over Ethernet. HD.Engadget.com, December 15, 2009
  12. ^ Valens-HDBaseT up the ante on AV wiring. Entertainment Technology Center, January 8, 2010
  13. ^ a b c d e "HDBaseT Technology: A Better HDMI Extender". CE Pro. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  14. ^ Knott, Jason. "Handling 4K Distribution Using HDBaseT 2.0". www.cepro.com.
  15. ^ "HDBaseT Audiovisual – HDBaseT™". hdbaset.org.
  16. ^ "HDBaseT Automotive – HDBaseT™". hdbaset.org.
  17. ^ "HDBaseT Consumer – HDBaseT™". hdbaset.org.
  18. ^ "HDBaseT Industrial – HDBaseT™". hdbaset.org.

External links[edit]