HDMS Niels Juel (1918)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Niels Juel (1918).jpg
HDMS Niels Juel photographed in 1939 (with effects of 1935-36 refit)
History
Denmark
Name: HDMS Niels Juel
Namesake: Niels Juel
Builder: Orlogsværftet, Copenhagen
Laid down: 1914
Launched: 3 July 1918
Commissioned: 23 May 1923
Struck: 29 August 1943
Fate: Sunk
War ensignNazi Germany
Name: Nordland
Acquired: Salvaged in 1944
Struck: 3 May 1945
Fate: Sold for scrap 1952
General characteristics
Type: Coastal defence ship
Displacement: 3,400 tons
Length: 89.95 m (295 ft 1 in)
Beam: 16.3 m (53 ft 6 in)
Draught: 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: 5,500 hp (4,100 kW)
Speed: 16 kn (30 km/h)
Complement: 329
Armament:
  • 10 × 150 mm (5.9 in) guns
  • 4 × 57 mm (2.2 in) anti-aircraft guns
  • 2 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
Armor:
Notes: [1]

HDMS Niels Juel was a coastal defense ship of the Royal Danish Navy from 1923 to 1943. She was scuttled by her crew after Luftwaffe attack during the German capture of the Danish fleet in 1943 and later refloated as the Nordland.[1]

History[edit]

Plans of HDMS Niels Juel in 1918

1923–1939[edit]

Originally Niels Juel was intended to be an upgraded version of HDMS Peder Skram, a pre-World War I Herluf Trolle-class coastal defence ship.[2] After initially being laid down in 1914 at the Danish Royal Naval Dock Yard, Copenhagen, construction was halted as the original armament orders from the German manufacturer Krupp were delayed by World War I.[2] After changing the armament to Bofors-built guns HDMS Niels Juel was launched on 3 July 1918.[1][2] After sea trials in early 1923 she was commissioned to the Royal Danish Navy on 23 May and subsequently went on tour, visiting the Faeroe Islands, Bergen, Leith and Gothenburg and South America.[1] She was adopted as the flagship and went on royal tours in June 1926 (Faeroe Islands) and 1930 (Faeroe Islands and Iceland).[1]

1943 World War II: Operation Safari[edit]

The attack on Niels Juel, 29 August 1943

Following increasing Danish resistance to German rule and the institution of martial law on 28 August 1943, the German army moved to seize the Danish fleet in Copenhagen harbour, an action codenamed Operation Safari.[3] Anticipating this move, Danish officers managed to scuttle the majority of the Danish fleet to prevent capture.[3][4] Niels Juel which had spent the summer on exercise in Isefjorden, attempted to break free to Swedish waters, during which she was engaged by the Germans at sea and by air.[2][3][4] Having been seriously damaged by aerial bombardment, including five wounded crew members (one of whom died later), the captain, Commander Westermann realised there was little hope of reaching neutral waters and beached the ship near Nykøbing Sjælland.[3] The crew then tried to scuttle the ship. Initial attempts to blow up the ship failed, but the crew successfully flooded the parts of the ship including the magazine, as well as systematically destroying the equipment before evacuation and surrender.[4][5]

1944−1952[edit]

In 1944, the ship was salvaged, renamed Nordland and used by Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine as a training ship.[1] On 3 May 1945, she was scuttled for the second time in the Eckernførde inlet.[6] The wreck was later salvaged and on 19 March 1952 was sold for scrap.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Balsved, Johnny E. "NIELS IUEL (1923-1943)". Danish Naval History. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Gogin, Ivan (2010). "NIELS IUEL coastal battleship". navypedia.org. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Balsved, Johnny E. "Attack on NIELS IUEL - 1943". Danish Naval History. Retrieved January 21, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c Nørby, Søren. "Operation Safari - August 29th 1943". Danish Military History. Archived from the original on 2014-01-13. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Nielsen, Eric (2007). "Niels Juel - Coastal Defence Ship". Danish Military History. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  6. ^ Nørby, Søren (12 July 2003). "Scuttled for a Second Time by Her Own Crew". Naval History (in Danish). Retrieved 21 December 2017. 

Coordinates: 54°28′02″N 9°58′00″E / 54.4672°N 9.9667°E / 54.4672; 9.9667