HDMS Olfert Fischer (F355)
HDMS Olfert Fischer in 2003
|Builder:||Aalborg Værft, in Aalborg, Denmark|
|Laid down:||6 December 1978|
|Launched:||12 January 1980|
|Commissioned:||16 October 1981|
|Decommissioned:||18 August 2009|
|Class and type:||Niels Juel-class corvette|
|Beam:||10.3 m (34 ft)|
|Draught:||4.8 m (16 ft)|
|Complement:||18 officers, 73 enlisted|
|Part of:||2. Squadron, 21st Division, KDM|
Laid down in December 1978 and commissioned in October 1981, the corvette operated in the Persian Gulf on two occasions, first in 1990 and 1991 as part of the multinational fleet enforcing the United Nations sanctions against Iraq, then again in 2003 in support of the United States-led invasion of Iraq. Olfert Fischer was deployed as part of the NATO Standing Naval Force Atlantic (and its successor, the Standing NATO Response Force Maritime Group 1) on at least four occasions during her career.
Olfert Fischer and her two sister ships were decommissioned in August 2009, and are awaiting disposal. The corvette is to be replaced by a Iver Huitfeldt-class frigate
The corvettes are fitted with an Otobreda 76 mm main gun, two quad RGM-84C Harpoon Surface-to-surface missile (SSM) launchers, a Mod 3 VLS Sea Sparrow Surface-to-air missile (SAM) launcher carrying 12 missiles, two FIM-92A Stinger SAM launchers, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns, seven 12.7 mm M/01 LvSa machine guns, and a Mark 3 Depth charge launcher.
Olfert Fischer's radar suite consists of two Terma Scanter Mil 009 units for navigation, an EADS TRS-3D air search unit, and a CelsiusTech 9GR 600 surface search unit. Fire control is provided by a CelsiusTech 9 LV 200 gun radar, and a General Dynamics Mk 95 missile radar. She is fitted with a Plessey PMS-26 hull-mounted sonar. The corvette is fitted with a Rascall Cutlass B-1 intercept unit, a Telgon HFD/F unit, and four 6-round Seagnat Mk 36 chaff launchers.
The three ships were built by Aalborg Værft, at their shipyard in Aalborg, Denmark. Olfert Fischer was the second to be built: she was laid down on 6 December 1978, and launched on 12 January 1980.
Althoigh scheduled to commission on 25 May 1981, a fire broke out in the engine room eleven days prior, and the time required to repair the ship meant that she missed this date. Olfert Fischer entered service on 16 October 1981. The corvette, along with her two sister ships, was based at Korsør on Sealand Island.
Following the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait at the start of August 1990, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Iraq, and asked that member nations contribute forces to help implement them. On 31 August, the Danish Parliament decided that a single ship, Olfert Fischer, would make up the Danish contribution. The corvette was to enforce the UN sanctions only; she was not to become involved in the developing Gulf War. She was accompanied and supported by a Norwegian supply ship.[clarification needed] The Gulf War deployment, which ended in September 2001, was the first time a Danish warship had operated outside the European region. The deployment marked a change in Danish attitudes and actions towards international security and foreign policy.
The corvette completed her mid-life overhaul in December 2001; she was the last to do so. During the refit, the single octuple Sea Sparrow launcher was replaced with two StanFlex modular mission payload slots (which are normally fitted with two six-round Sea Sparrow launchers), while the air search radar was updated.
Decommissioning and fate
- Wertheim (ed.), Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, p. 154
- Wertheim (ed.), Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, p. 153
- Balsved, Olfert Fischer (1981-)
- Houben, International crisis management, p. 93
- Houben, International crisis management, p. 94
- Toremans, Danish navy retires Niels Juel-class corvettes
- Lok, New Danish combat support ships offer greater flexibility for NATO operations
- Houben, International crisis management, p. 97
- Balsved, Johnny E. (11 October 2009). "Olfert Fischer (1981-)". Danish Naval History. Navalhistory.dk. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
- Houben, Marc (2005). International crisis management: the approach of European states. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-35455-2.
- Lok, Joris Janssen (24 April 2006). "New Danish combat support ships offer greater flexibility for NATO operations". International Defence Review. Jane's Information Group.
- Toremans, Guy (4 September 2009). "Danish navy retires Niels Juel-class corvettes". Jane's Navy International. Jane's Information Group.
- Wertheim, Eric, ed. (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems (15th ed.). Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-955-2. OCLC 140283156.