Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||12h 30m 26.8818s|
|Declination||+22° 52′ 47.3806″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||8.76|
|Spectral type||G5 V|
|B−V color index||0.764|
|V−R color index||0.4|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||–30.7 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: 127.453±0.071 mas/yr |
Dec.: −90.120±0.061 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||16.7730 ± 0.0443 mas|
|Distance||194.5 ± 0.5 ly |
(59.6 ± 0.2 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||3.72|
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.39±0.12 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||0.18 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||1.36±0.26 km/s|
HD 108874 is a yellow dwarf star (spectral type G5 V) in the constellation of Coma Berenices. It is 195 light years from Earth and has two extrasolar planets that are possibly in a 9:2 orbital resonance.
HD 108874 is probably billions of years older than the Sun however the age is not well constrained. The star has a temperature of about 5600 K. Its metallicity is 1.18 times that of the Sun, meaning it has greater iron abundance relative to hydrogen and helium. It has about the same mass as the Sun, but the radius is probably greater.
In 2003, the jovian planet HD 108874 b was discovered by the US-based team led by Paul Butler, Geoffrey Marcy, Steven Vogt, and Debra Fischer. A total of 20 radial velocity observations, obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory between 1999 and 2002, were used to make the discovery. In 2005, further observations revealed this star has another jovian planet orbiting further out, designated as HD 108874 c. The orbital parameters of both planets were updated in 2009 with additional observations. Those two planets are near, and possibly in a 9:2 orbital resonance. This means if HD 108874 b orbits the star nine times, then HD 108874 c orbits twice, because the orbital period for planet c is four and a half times longer than planet b.
There is an additional radial velocity signal in the data at a period of 40 days however this likely caused by the stellar rotation period.
(in order from star)
- ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Benatti, S.; et al. (2017). "The GAPS Programme with HARPS-N at TNG. XII. Characterization of the planetary system around HD 108874". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 599. A90. arXiv:1611.09873. Bibcode:2017A&A...599A..90B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629484. S2CID 119032711.
- ^ a b c Vogt, Steven S.; et al. (2005). "Five New Multicomponent Planetary Systems" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 632 (1): 638–658. Bibcode:2005ApJ...632..638V. doi:10.1086/432901. S2CID 16509245.
- ^ "HD 108874". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
- ^ Butler, R. Paul; et al. (2003). "Seven New Keck Planets Orbiting G and K Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal. 582 (1): 455–466. Bibcode:2003ApJ...582..455B. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.7.6988. doi:10.1086/344570. S2CID 17608922.
- ^ Wright, J. T.; et al. (2009). "Ten New and Updated Multi-planet Systems, and a Survey of Exoplanetary Systems". The Astrophysical Journal. 693 (2): 1084–1099. arXiv:0812.1582. Bibcode:2009ApJ...693.1084W. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/693/2/1084. S2CID 18169921.
- Extrasolar Planet Interactions by Rory Barnes & Richard Greenberg, Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona