HD 164922 b

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HD 164922 b
Exoplanet List of exoplanets
Parent star
Star HD 164922
Constellation Hercules
Right ascension (α) 18h 02m 30.86s[1]
Declination (δ) +26° 18′ 46.81″[1]
Apparent magnitude (mV) 7.01
Distance 72.1 ± 0.9[1] ly
(22.13 ± 0.27[1] pc)
Spectral type G9V[2]
Mass (m) 0.874 (± 0.012)[2] M
Radius (r) 0.999 (± 0.017)[2] R
Temperature (T) 5293 (± 32)[2] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] 0.16 (± 0.05)[2]
Age 13.4 Gyr
Physical characteristics
Minimum mass (m sin i) 0.36 (± 0.046) MJ
Radius (r) ~8 R
Stellar flux (F) 0.1578[2]
Temperature (T) 159 K (−114 °C; −173 °F)[2]
Orbital elements
Semi-major axis (a) 2.11 ± 0.13 AU
Eccentricity (e) 0.05 ± 0.14
Orbital period (P) 1155 ± 23 d
Argument of
periastron
(ω) 195°
Time of periastron (T0) 2,411,100 ± 280 JD
Semi-amplitude (K) 7.3 ± 1.2 m/s
Discovery information
Discovery date July 15, 2006
Discoverer(s) Butler et al.[3]
Discovery method Radial velocity
Discovery site California, USA
Discovery status Published[3]
Database references
Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
data
SIMBAD data
Exoplanet Archive data
Open Exoplanet Catalogue data

HD 164922 b is an exoplanet orbiting the star HD 164922 about 72 light-years from Earth in the constellation Hercules. Its inclination is not known, and its true mass may be significantly greater than the radial velocity lower limit of 0.36 Jupiter masses. The planet also has a low eccentricity, unlike most other long period extrasolar planets – 0.05 – about the same as Jupiter and Saturn in the Solar System.[3] The exoplanet was found by using the radial velocity method, from radial-velocity measurements via observation of Doppler shifts in the spectrum of the planet's parent star.

Characteristics[edit]

Mass, radius and temperature[edit]

HD 164922 b is a gas giant, an exoplanet that has a radius and mass around that of the planets Jupiter and Saturn. It has a temperature of 159 K (−114 °C; −173 °F).[2] It has an estimated mass of around 0.36 MJ,[2] and a potential radius of around 8 R based on its similar mass to Neptune.

Host star[edit]

The planet orbits a (G-type) star named HD 164922. The star has a mass of 0.87 M and a radius of around 0.99 R. It has a temperature of 5293 K and is 13.4 billion years old. In comparison, the Sun is about 4.6 billion years old[4] and has a temperature of 5778 K.[5] The star is metal-rich, with a metallicity ([Fe/H]) of 0.16, or 144% the solar amount. This is particularly odd for a star as old as HD 164922. Its luminosity (L) is 70% of the solar luminosity.[2]

The star's apparent magnitude, or how bright it appears from Earth's perspective, is 7.01. Therefore, HD 164922 is too dim to be seen with the naked eye, but can be viewed using good binoculars.

Orbit[edit]

HD 164922 b orbits its star every 1,155 days at a distance of 2.1 AU (compared to Mars's orbital distance from the Sun, which is around 1.5 AU). It receives only 15% of the sunlight as the Earth does from the Sun.[2]

Discovery[edit]

The search for HD 164922 b started when its host star was chosen an ideal target for a planet search using the radial velocity method (in which the gravitational pull of a planet on its star is measured by observing the resulting Doppler shift), as stellar activity would not overly mask or mimic Doppler spectroscopy measurements. It was also confirmed that HD 164922 is neither a binary star nor a quickly rotating star, common false positives when searching for transiting planets. Analysis of the resulting data found that the radial velocity variations most likely indicated the existence of a planet.[3] The net result was an estimate of a 12.9 M planetary companion orbiting the star at a distance of 0.33 AU with an eccentricity of 0.07.

The discovery of HD 164922 b was reported in the online archive arXiv on June 30, 2016.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.  Vizier catalog entry
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Fulton, Benjamin J.; Howard, Andrew W.; Weiss, Lauren M.; Sinukoff, Evan; Petigura, Erik A.; Isaacson, Howard; Hirsch, Lea; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Henry, Gregory W.; Grunblatt, Samuel K.; Huber, Daniel; Kaspar von Braun; Boyajian, Tabetha S.; Kane, Stephen R.; Wittrock, Justin; Horch, Elliott P.; Ciardi, David R.; Howell, Steve B.; Wright, Jason T.; Ford, Eric B. (2016). "Three Temperate Neptunes Orbiting Nearby Stars". arXiv:1607.00007Freely accessible [astro-ph.EP]. 
  3. ^ a b c d Butler, R. P.; et al. (2006). "Catalog of Nearby Exoplanets". The Astrophysical Journal. 646 (1): 505–522. arXiv:astro-ph/0607493Freely accessible. Bibcode:2006ApJ...646..505B. doi:10.1086/504701. 
  4. ^ Fraser Cain (16 September 2008). "How Old is the Sun?". Universe Today. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 
  5. ^ Fraser Cain (September 15, 2008). "Temperature of the Sun". Universe Today. Retrieved 19 February 2011. 

Coordinates: Sky map 18h 02m 30.86s, +26° 18′ 46.81″