HD 17156 b

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HD 17156 b
Exoplanet Comparison HD 17156 b.png
Size comparison of HD 17156 b with Jupiter.
Discovery
Discovered byFischer et al.[1]
Discovery siteW. M. Keck Observatory
Subaru Telescope
Discovery date14 April 2007
Radial velocity and Transit
Orbital characteristics
0.1589 AU (23,770,000 km)[2]
Eccentricity0.6768 ± 0.0034[3]
21.2163979 ± 0.0000159[3] d
Inclination86.573 ± 0.060[3]
2454438.4835±0.0025[2]
121.71 ± 0.43[3]
Semi-amplitude274.2 ± 2.0[3]
StarHD 17156
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
1.0870 ± 0.0066[3] RJ
Mass3.191 ± 0.033[3] MJ
Mean density
3,470 kg/m3 (5,850 lb/cu yd)[2]
67.0 ± 2.4 m/s2 (219.8 ± 7.9 ft/s2)[3]
Temperature?

HD 17156 b, named Mulchatna by the IAU,[4] is an extrasolar planet approximately 255 light-years away in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The planet was discovered orbiting the yellow subgiant star HD 17156 in April 2007. The planet is classified as a relatively cool hot Jupiter planet slightly smaller than Jupiter but slightly larger than Saturn. This highly-eccentric three-week orbit takes it approximately 0.0523 AU of the star at periastron before swinging out to approximately 0.2665 AU at apastron. Its eccentricity is about the same as 16 Cygni Bb, a so-called "eccentric Jupiter". Until 2009, HD 17156 b was the transiting planet with the longest orbital period.[5]

Discovery[edit]

The planet was discovered on April 14, 2007 by a team using the radial velocity method on the Keck and Subaru telescopes.[1] The team made an initial negative, transit search, but they were only able to cover 25% of the search space. This left the possibility of a transit open.

After the possibility of a transit was discussed on oklo.org, various groups performed a follow-on search. These searches confirmed a three-hour transit on October 2, 2007 and a paper was published two days later.[6]

Name[edit]

The planet was originally named "HD 17156 b", being the second object in the HD 17156 system.

The star was given the name "Mulchatna" by the IAU, chosen by United States representatives for the NameExoWorlds content, with the comment that "The Mulchatna River is a tributary of the Nushagak River in southwestern Alaska, USA".[4] Its parent star was simultaneously named Nushagak in the contest.

Orbit[edit]

To-scale diagram of the planet's orbit. The gray line indicates the transit window.

Careful radial velocity measurements have made it possible to detect the Rossiter–McLaughlin effect, the shifting in photospheric spectral lines caused by the planet occulting a part of the rotating stellar surface. This effect allows the measurement of the angle between the planet's orbital plane and the equatorial plane of the star.[7] This planet's spin-orbit angle was initially measured by Narita in 2007 as +62 ± 25 but has been remeasured by Cochran +9.4 ± 9.3 degrees.[8] By analogy with HD 149026 b, a low angle would imply that formation of the planet was peaceful and probably involved interactions with the protoplanetary disc. A much larger angle would suggest a violent interplay with other protoplanets. Given its eccentricity the latter is equally probable until the discrepancy of the Rossiter results is resolved.[clarification needed]

Due to its high eccentricity and large distance from its star, HD 17156 b is expected to never enter a secondary eclipse of the other planet in its system.[2][9] The star's true temperature cannot be measured with accuracy. Due to the high eccentricity of its orbit, the atmosphere of HD 17156 b undergoes a 27-fold variation in stellar flux during each orbit.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fischer, Debra A.; et al. (2007). "Five Intermediate-Period Planets from the N2K Sample". The Astrophysical Journal. 669 (2): 1336–1344. arXiv:0704.1191. Bibcode:2007ApJ...669.1336F. doi:10.1086/521869.
  2. ^ a b c d Gillon, M.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Mayor, M.; Queloz, D.; Udry, S.; North, P. (2007). "Improved parameters for the transiting planet HD 17156b: A high-density giant planet with a very eccentric orbit". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 485 (3): 871–875. arXiv:0712.2073. Bibcode:2008A&A...485..871G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20079238.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Nutzman, Philip; et al. (2011). "Precise Estimates of the Physical Parameters for the Exoplanet System HD 17156 Enabled by Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor Transit and Asteroseismic Observations". The Astrophysical Journal. 726 (1). 3. arXiv:1011.0440. Bibcode:2011ApJ...726....3N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/726/1/3.
  4. ^ a b "Approved names (§ United States of America)". Name Exo Worlds. IAU. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  5. ^ TransitSearch (See: HD 80606 b)
  6. ^ Barbieri, M.; et al. (2007). "HD 17156b: A Transiting Planet with a 21.2 Day Period and an Eccentric Orbit". Astronomy and Astrophysics Letters. 476 (2): L13–L16. arXiv:0710.0898. Bibcode:2007A&A...476L..13B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078787.
  7. ^ Barbieri, M.; Alonso, R.; Desidera, S.; Sozzetti, A.; Fiorenzano, A. F. Martinez; Almenara, J. M.; Cecconi, M.; Claudi, R. U.; Charbonneau, D.; Endl, M.; Granata, V. (2009-08-01). "Characterization of the HD 17156 planetary system". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 503 (2): 601–612. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200811466. ISSN 0004-6361.
  8. ^ Cochran, W. D.; Redfield, S.; Endl, M. & Cochran (10 August 2008). "The Spin-Orbit Alignment of the HD 17156 Transiting Eccentric Planetary System". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 683 (1): L59–L62. arXiv:0806.4142. Bibcode:2008ApJ...683L..59C. doi:10.1086/591317.
  9. ^ Jonathan Irwin; David Charbonneau; Philip Nutzman (July 2008). "Parameters and Predictions for the Long-Period Transiting Planet HD 17156b". The Astrophysical Journal. 681 (1): 636–643. arXiv:0801.1496. Bibcode:2008ApJ...681..636I. doi:10.1086/588461.
  10. ^ Koskinen, T. T.; et al. (2009). "The Upper Atmosphere of HD17156b". The Astrophysical Journal. 693 (1): 868–885. arXiv:0811.4751. Bibcode:2009ApJ...693..868K. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/693/1/868.

External links[edit]

Media related to HD 17156 b at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: Sky map 02h 49m 44.49s, +71° 45′ 11.64″