HD 179949 b

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HD 179949 b
Exoplanet List of exoplanets
Parent star
Star HD 179949
Constellation Sagittarius
Right ascension (α) 19h 15m 33.23s
Declination (δ) -24° 10' 45.67"
Distance 88.18 ly
(27.05 pc)
Spectral type F8V
Orbital elements
Semi-major axis (a) 0.0443±0.0026 AU
Eccentricity (e) 0.022±0.015
Orbital period (P) 3.092514±0.000032 d
Inclination (i) 67.7±4.3°
Argument of
(ω) 192°
Time of periastron (T0) 2,451,002.32±0.44 JD
Semi-amplitude (K) 112.6±1.8 m/s
Physical characteristics
Mass (m) 0.98±0.077[1] MJ
Discovery information
Discovery date Dec 16, 2000
Discoverer(s) Tinney, Butler,
Marcy et al.
Discovery method Radial velocity
Discovery site Anglo-Australian
Discovery status Published

HD 179949 b is an extrasolar planet discovered by the Anglo-Australian Planet Search at the Anglo-Australian Observatory, which orbits the star HD 179949. The planet is a so-called "hot Jupiter", a Jupiter-mass planet orbiting very close to its parent star. In this case, orbital distance is almost one-tenth that of Mercury from the Sun. One orbital revolution lasts only about 3 days.[2][3]

Its magnetic field induces a bright spot on its star at 30 degrees latitude, which rotates at 87 degrees inclination. If the planet orbited at 83-97 degrees, then its transit would be visible from Earth. The angle of inclination is therefore 83 degrees or less, but not much less; and its mass is constrained to not much more than 0.923±0.077. The star is not tidally locked to the planet.[4]

Assuming the planet is perfectly grey with no greenhouse or tidal effects, and a Bond albedo of 0.1, the temperature would be 1533 K. This is, like Tau Boötis b, hotter than the predicted temperature of HD 209458 b (1392K), and close to that of HD 149026 b, before they were measured.

Searches for water in the planet's atmosphere have been inconclusive, as have attempts to determine whether titanium and vanadium oxides are present.[5]

HD 179949 b is a candidate for "near-infrared characterisation.... with the VLTI Spectro-Imager".[6]

The inner Solar System superimposed behind the orbits of the planets HD 179949 b, HD 164427 b, Epsilon Reticuli Ab, and Mu Arae b (each planet has its parent star labeled next to it -- all parent stars are in the center)


  1. ^ http://arxiv.org/pdf/1404.3769v1.pdf
  2. ^ Tinney, C. G.; et al. (2001). "First Results from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search: A Brown Dwarf Candidate and a 51 Peglike Planet". The Astrophysical Journal. 551 (1): 507–511. arXiv:astro-ph/0012204Freely accessible. Bibcode:2001ApJ...551..507T. doi:10.1086/320097. 
  3. ^ Butler, R. P.; et al. (2006). "Catalog of Nearby Exoplanets". The Astrophysical Journal. 646 (1): 505–522. arXiv:astro-ph/0607493Freely accessible. Bibcode:2006ApJ...646..505B. doi:10.1086/504701. 
  4. ^ Shkolnik and Walker; Walker, G. A. H.; Bohlender, D. A. (2003). "Evidence for Planet-induced Chromospheric Activity on HD 179949". The Astrophysical Journal. 597 (2): 1092–1096. Bibcode:2003ApJ...597.1092S. doi:10.1086/378583. 
  5. ^ J. R. Barnes; Barman; Jones; Leigh; Cameron; Barber; Pinfield; et al. (3 Oct 2008). "HD 179949b: a close orbiting extrasolar giant planet with a stratosphere?". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 390 (3): 1258. arXiv:0806.0298Freely accessible. Bibcode:2008MNRAS.390.1258B. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13831.x. 
  6. ^ Renard, S.; Absil, O.; Berger, J.-P.; Bonfils, X.; Forveille, T.; Malbet, F. (2008). "Prospects for near-infrared characterisation of hot Jupiters with the VLTI Spectro-Imager (VSI)". Optical and Infrared Interferometry. Optical and Infrared Interferometry. Edited by Schöller. Optical and Infrared Interferometry. 7013. pp. 70132Z. arXiv:0807.3014Freely accessible. Bibcode:2008SPIE.7013E..2ZR. doi:10.1117/12.790494. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 19h 15m 33.23s, −24° 10′ 45.67″