Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||03h 20m 03.5776s|
|Declination||–28° 51′ 14.656″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||7.38|
|Absolute magnitude (V)||4.60|
HD 20782 is a 7th magnitude G-type main sequence star about 117 light-years away from Earth, in the constellation of Fornax. HD 20782 is a part of a wide binary system in which the other star is designated HD 20781, and both stars host planetary systems. Indeed, this is the first known case of a binary star system where there are planetary systems around both the primary and the secondary stars in the system. The companion star HD 20781 has a very large angular separation of 252 arcsec, corresponding to 9080 AU at the distance of HD 20782. It is estimated to be 7.1 (± 4) billion years old, with a mass close to that of our Sun. (Note that, despite the numbering, HD 20782 is the primary star of the system, and HD 20781 the secondary star.)
An extremely eccentric extrasolar planet was announced around HD 20782 in 2006. In 2009 this planet's orbit was narrowed down, and it was found to have the highest eccentricity of all known exoplanets; this distinction has stood since 2012.
(in order from star)
|b||>1.43 ± 0.03 MJ||1.397 ± 0.009||597.065 ± 0.043||0.956 ± 0.004||>1.22°||—|
- Jones, Hugh R. A.; et al. (2006). "High-eccentricity planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 369 (1): 249–256. Bibcode:2006MNRAS.369..249J. arXiv: . doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10298.x.
- Schneider, J. "Notes for HD 20782 |cite web". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia.
- Schneider, J. "Notes for star HD 20781 |cite web". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
- Mayor, M. Marmier,M. Lovis,C. Udry,S. Ségransan,D. Pepe,F. Benz,W. Bertaux,J.-L. Bouchy,F. Dumusque, G. Curto,Lo Mordasini,C. Queloz,D. Santos,N. C.; et al. (2011). "The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets XXXIV. Occurrence, mass distribution and orbital properties of super-Earths and Neptune-mass planets". arXiv: [astro-ph].
- Kane, Stephen R.; et al. (2016). "Evidence for Reflected Light from the Most Eccentric Exoplanet Known". The Astrophysical Journal. 821 (1). 65. Bibcode:2016ApJ...821...65K. arXiv: . doi:10.3847/0004-637X/821/1/65.