Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||08h 18m 23.94706s|
|Declination||−12° 37′ 55.8116″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||+5.98|
|U−B color index||0.33|
|B−V color index||0.75|
|V−R color index||0.40|
|R−I color index||0.36|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||+30.4 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: 278.99 ± 0.25 mas/yr
Dec.: −987.59 ± 0.29 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||80.04 ± 0.35 mas|
|Distance||40.7 ± 0.2 ly
(12.49 ± 0.05 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||5.47 ± 0.01|
|Mass||0.863 ± 0.043 M☉|
|Radius||0.905 ± 0.019 R☉|
|Luminosity||0.622 ± 0.014 L☉|
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.53 cgs|
|Temperature||5385 ± 20 K|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||−0.05 ± 0.02 dex|
|Rotation||35.1 ± 0.8 days|
HD 69830 (285 G. Puppis) is an orange dwarf star approximately 41 light-years away in the constellation of Puppis. In 2005, the Spitzer Space Telescope discovered a debris disk orbiting the star. The disk contains substantially more dust than the Solar System's asteroid belt. As of 2006, it has been confirmed that three extrasolar planets with minimum masses comparable to Neptune orbit the star, located interior to the debris disk.
Distance and visibility
HD 69830 is an orange dwarf star of the spectral type G8+V. The star has a mass of about 86 percent the Sun, 89 percent of its radius, and 45 percent of its luminosity. Containing 11 percent less iron than the Sun, recent age estimates indicated that the star is about 7 billion years old. HD 69830 is located about 41.0 light-years from the Sun, lying in the northeastern part of the constellation of Puppis (the Poop Deck). The star can be found east of Sirius, southwest of Procyon, northeast of Delta Canis Majoris, and north of Zeta Puppis.
(in order from star)
|b||≥10.48 M⊕||0.0785||8.667 ± 0.003||0.1 ± 0.04||—||—|
|c||≥12.07 M⊕||0.186||31.56 ± 0.04||0.13 ± 0.06||—||—|
|d||≥18.43 M⊕||0.63||197 ± 3||0.07 ± 0.07||—||—|
|Asteroid belt||0.93–1.16 AU||—||—|
In 2005, the Spitzer Space Telescope detected a debris disk in the HD 69830 system consistent with being produced by an asteroid belt twenty times more massive than that in our own system. The belt was originally thought to be located inside an orbit equivalent to that of Venus in our own Solar System, which would place it between the orbits of the second and third planets. The disk contains sufficient quantities of dust that the nights on any nearby planets would be lit up by zodiacal light 1000 times brighter than that seen on Earth, easily outshining the Milky Way.
Further analysis of the spectrum of the dust revealed that it is composed of highly processed material, likely derived from a disrupted C-type asteroid of at least 30 km radius which contained many small olivine-rich (rocky) and once-wet grains which would not survive at close distances to the star. Instead, it seems more likely that the asteroid belt producing the dust is located outside the orbit of the outermost planet, around 1 AU from the star. This region contains the 2:1 and 5:2 mean motion resonances with HD 69830 d.
On May 17, 2006, a team of astronomers using the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) HARPS spectrograph on the 3.6-metre La Silla telescope in the Atacama desert, Chile, announced the discovery of three extrasolar planets orbiting the star. With minimum masses between 10 to 18 times that of the Earth, all three planets are presumed to be similar to the planets Neptune or Uranus. As of 2011[update], no planet with more than half the mass of Jupiter had been detected within three astronomical units of HD 69830.
The star rotates at an inclination of 13+27
−13 degrees relative to Earth. It has been assumed that the planets share that inclination. However b and c are "hot Neptunes", and outside this system several are now known to be oblique relative to the stellar axis.
The outermost planet discovered appears to be within the system's habitable zone, where liquid water would remain stable (more accurate data on the primary star's luminosity will be required to know for sure where the habitable zone is). HD 69830 is the first extrasolar planetary system around a Sun-like star without any known planets comparable to Jupiter or Saturn in mass.
References in popular culture
- In the Bestiarum included with the special editions of Halo 3, it declares Eayn, a satellite of HD 69830 d as the home of the Jackals, specifically stating they come from the moon of the third planet, at the inner edge of the asteroid belt.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HD 69830.|
- van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.Vizier catalog entry
- Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV data. SIMBAD, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M.
- Gray, R. O. et al. (July 2006), "Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: spectroscopy of stars earlier than M0 within 40 pc-The Southern Sample", The Astronomical Journal 132 (1): 161–170, arXiv:astro-ph/0603770, Bibcode:2006AJ....132..161G, doi:10.1086/504637.
- Evans, D. S. (June 20–24, 1966), "The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities", in Batten, Alan Henry; Heard, John Frederick, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications, Proceedings from IAU Symposium no. 30, University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union, Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E.
- Holmberg, J. et al. (2009). "The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the solar neighbourhood. III. Improved distances, ages, and kinematics". Astronomy and Astrophysics 501 (3): 941–947. arXiv:0811.3982. Bibcode:2009A&A...501..941H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200811191.Vizier catalog entry
- Tanner, Angelle et al. (February 2015), "Stellar Parameters for HD 69830, a Nearby Star with Three Neptune Mass Planets and an Asteroid Belt", The Astrophysical Journal 800 (2): 5, arXiv:1412.5251, Bibcode:2015ApJ...800..115T, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/800/2/115, 115.
- Ramírez, I. et al. (February 2013), "Oxygen abundances in nearby FGK stars and the galactic chemical evolution of the local disk and halo", The Astrophysical Journal 764 (1): 78, arXiv:1301.1582, Bibcode:2013ApJ...764...78R, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/764/1/78.
- Lovis, Christophe et al. (2006). "An extrasolar planetary system with three Neptune-mass planets" (PDF). Nature 441 (7091): 305–309. arXiv:astro-ph/0703024. Bibcode:2006Natur.441..305L. doi:10.1038/nature04828. PMID 16710412.
- Simpson, E. K. et al. (November 2010), "Rotation periods of exoplanet host stars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 408 (3): 1666–1679, arXiv:1006.4121, Bibcode:2010MNRAS.408.1666S, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17230.x.
- Mamajek, Eric E.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (November 2008). "Improved Age Estimation for Solar-Type Dwarfs Using Activity-Rotation Diagnostics". The Astrophysical Journal 687 (2): 1264–1293. arXiv:0807.1686. Bibcode:2008ApJ...687.1264M. doi:10.1086/591785.
- Benjamin Apthorp Gould, reprinted and updated by Frederick Pilcher. "Uranometria Argentina". Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- "HD 69830 -- High proper-motion Star", SIMBAD Astronomical Database (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2015-04-25.
- Beichman, C. A. et al. (2005). "An Excess Due to Small Grains around the Nearby K0 V Star HD 69830: Asteroid or Cometary Debris?". The Astrophysical Journal 626 (2): 1061–1069. arXiv:astro-ph/0504491. Bibcode:2005ApJ...626.1061B. doi:10.1086/430059.
- Lisse, C. M. et al. (2007). "On the Nature of the Dust in the Debris Disk Around HD 69830". The Astrophysical Journal 658 (1): 584–592. arXiv:astro-ph/0611452. Bibcode:2007ApJ...658..584L. doi:10.1086/511001.
- "hd_69830_b". Extrasolar Planet Encyclopaedia. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda, Josh N. Winn, Daniel C. Fabrycky (2012). "Starspots and spin-orbit alignment for Kepler cool host stars". arXiv:1211.2002. Bibcode:2013AN....334..180S. doi:10.1002/asna.201211765.
- Clavin, Whitney (2005-04-20). "NASA's Spitzer Telescope Sees Signs of Alien Asteroid Belt". NASA. Spitzer Space Telescope. Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- "HD 69830 / HR 3259". SolStation. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- "Notes for star HD 69830". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- Than, Ker (2006-05-17). "Planets Found in Potentially Habitable Setup". SPACE.com. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- "Trio Of Neptunes And Their Belt". SpaceDaily. 2006-05-18. Retrieved 2008-06-13.
- Extrasolar Planet Interactions by Rory Barnes & Richard Greenberg, Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona