HD 98649

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HD 98649
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Crater
Right ascension 11h 20m 51.769s[1]
Declination –23° 13′ 02.43″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) +8.00[2]
Spectral type G4V
B−V color index +0.658 ± 0.003[1]
Proper motion (μ) RA: –199.28 ± 0.57[1] mas/yr
Dec.: –177.51 ± 0.48[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 24.08 ± 0.79[1] mas
Distance 135 ± 4 ly
(42 ± 1 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +4.91[2]
Mass 1 ± 0.03[2] M
Radius ~1[2] R
Luminosity (bolometric) 0.86[2] L
Luminosity (visual, LV) 0.83[note 1] L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.38 ± 0.08[2] cgs
Temperature 5759 ± 35[2] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.02 ± 0.03[2] dex
Rotation 27 ± 4.0 days[2]
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 1.19[2] km/s
Age 2.3 ± 2.0[2] Gyr
Other designations
HIP 55409, LTT 4199
Database references
Exoplanet Archive data
Extrasolar Planets

HD 98649 is a G-type yellow dwarf star, classified as a G4V. HD 98649 is about 135 light years from earth. HD 98649 is found in the Crater constellation. [2]

Planetary system[edit]

From 1998 to 2012, the star was under observance from "the CORALIE echelle spectrograph at La Silla Observatory".

In 2012, a long-period, wide-orbiting planet was deduced by radial velocity. This was published in November.

The discoverers noted, "HD 98649b is in the top five of the most eccentric planetary orbit and the most eccentric planet known with a period larger than 600 days." The reason for this eccentricity is unknown. They also submit it as a "candidate for direct imaging", once it gets out to "10.4 AU at apoastron" and 250 milliarcseconds of separation relative to Earth.[2]

The HD 98649 planetary system[3]
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
Orbital period
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
b >6.8 ± 0.5 MJ 5.6 ± 0.4 4951+607
0.85 ± 0.05

Sun comparison[edit]

This chart compares the Sun to HD 98649. HD 98649 was in the past thought to 4.7 billion years old, new measurements have found HD 98649 to be younger at 2.3 billion years old. [2]

Identifier J2000 Coordinates Distance
Right ascension Declination
Sun 0.00 G2V 5,778 +0.00 4.6 [4]
HD 98649 [5] 11h 20m 51.769s –23° 13′ 02″ 135 G4V 5,770 −0.02 2.3 [6]

To date no solar twin with an exact match as that of the Sun has been found, however, there are some stars that come very close to being identical to that of the Sun, and are such considered solar twins by the majority of the public. An exact solar twin would be a G2V star with a 5,778K temperature, be 4.6 billion years old, with the correct metallicity and a 0.1% solar luminosity variation.[7] Stars with an age of 4.6 billion years are at the most stable state. Proper metallicity and size are also very important to low luminosity variation. [8][9][10]

Morgan-Keenan spectral classification of stars. Most common star type in the universe are M-dwarfs, 76%. The sun is a 4.6 billion year-old G-class (G2V) star and is more massive than 95% of all stars. Only 7.6% are G-class stars


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752free to read. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. Vizier catalog entry
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Marmier, M.; et al. (2013). "The CORALIE survey for southern extrasolar planets XVII. New and updated long period and massive planets". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 551. A90. arXiv:1211.6444free to read. Bibcode:2013A&A...551A..90M. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219639. 
  3. ^ "hd_98649_b". 
  4. ^ Williams, D.R. (2004). "Sun Fact Sheet". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. ^ HD 98649 at SIMBAD - Ids - Bibliography - Image.
  6. ^ Porto de Mello, G. F.; da Silva, R.; da Silva, L.; de Nader, R. V. (March 2014). "A photometric and spectroscopic survey of solar twin stars within 50 parsecs of the Sun; I. Atmospheric parameters and color similarity to the Sun". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 563: A52. arXiv:1312.7571free to read. Bibcode:2014A&A...563A..52P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201322277. 
  7. ^ NASA, Science News, Solar Variability and Terrestrial Climate, Jan. 8, 2013
  8. ^ University of Nebraska-Lincoln astronomy education group, Stellar Luminosity Calculator
  9. ^ National Center for Atmospheric Research, The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth's Climate, 2012 Report
  10. ^ Most of Earth’s twins aren’t identical, or even close!, by Ethan on June 5, 2013


  1. ^ Taking the absolute visual magnitude of HD 98649 and the absolute visual magnitude of the Sun , the visual luminosity can be calculated by