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Survey typeAstronomical survey Edit this on Wikidata
ObservationsParkes Observatory Edit this on Wikidata
Wavelength21 centimetre Edit this on Wikidata

The HI Parkes All Sky Survey (HIPASS) is a large survey for neutral atomic hydrogen (HI).[1] Most of the data was taken between 1997 and 2002 using CSIRO's 64-m Parkes Telescope. HIPASS covered 71% of the sky and identified more than 5000 galaxies; the major galaxy catalogs are: the "HIPASS Bright Galaxy Catalog" (HIPASS BGC),[2] the southern HIPASS catalog (HICAT),[3] and the northern HIPASS catalog (NHICAT)[4] Discoveries include over 5000 galaxies (incl. several new galaxies), the Leading Arm of the Magellanic Stream and a few gas clouds devoid of stars.


HIPASS covers a velocity range of -1,280 to 12,700 km/s. It was the first blind HI survey to cover the entire southern sky and the northern sky up to +25 degr. Technical overview, calibration and imaging (Barnes et al. 2001).

Southern Sky observations[edit]

Observations of the southern sky started in February 1997, and were completed in March 2000, consisting of 23020 eight-degree scans of each of 9 minutes duration. HIPASS scanned the entire southern sky five times. The southern HIPASS galaxy catalog (HICAT)[3] contains 4315 HI sources.

Northern Sky observations[edit]

Northern HIPASS extended the survey into the northern sky. The entire Virgo Cluster region was observed in Northern HIPASS. NHICAT,[4] the catalogue of the northern extension of HIPASS contains 1002 HI sources.

Multibeam Receiver[edit]

Observations for HIPASS were taken using the Parkes 21-cmcm Multibeam Receiver.[5] The instrument consists of a focal-plane array of 13 individual receivers arranged in a hexagonal pattern.[5] Built in a collaboration between numerous institutions, it was funded by the Australian Research Council (ARC) and the Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF) to undertake the HIPASS and ZOA surveys.


Leading arm of Magellanic Stream[edit]

HIPASS discovered the Leading Arm of the Magellanic Stream. This is an extension of the Magellanic Stream beyond the Magellanic clouds. The existence of the Leading Arm is predicted by models of a tidal interaction between the Magellanic Clouds and the Milky Way.

HIPASS J0731-69[edit]

HIPASS J0731-69 is a cloud of gas devoid of any stars.[6] It is associated with the asymmetric spiral galaxy NGC 2442.[6] It is likely that HIPASS J0731-69 was torn loose from NGC 2442 by a companion.[6]

HIPASS J1712-64[edit]

HIPASS J1712-64 is an isolated extragalactic cloud of neutral hydrogen with no associated stars.[7] The cloud is a binary system and is not dense enough to form stars.[7] HIPASS J1712-64 was probably ejected during an interaction between the Magellanic clouds and the Milky way.

New galaxies in the Centaurus A/M83 Group[edit]

Ten new galaxies were identified in the Centaurus A/M83 Group, bringing the total (at the time) to 31 galaxies.[8]

See also[edit]

  • HIJASS, the HI Jodrell All Sky Survey


  1. ^ "HI Parkes All Sky Survey (homepage)".
  2. ^ "HIPASS Bright Galaxy Catalog". arXiv:astro-ph/0404436. Bibcode:2004AJ....128...16K. doi:10.1086/421744.
  3. ^ a b "Southern HIPASS catalog". arXiv:astro-ph/0406384. Bibcode:2004MNRAS.350.1195M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.07710.x.
  4. ^ a b "Northern HIPASS Catalog". arXiv:astro-ph/0607491. Bibcode:2006MNRAS.371.1855W. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10846.x.
  5. ^ a b "Multibeam Receiver". Archived from the original on 2000-08-19.
  6. ^ a b c Ryder, S.D.; et al. (July 2001). "HIPASS Detection of an Intergalactic Gas Cloud in the NGC 2442 Group". The Astrophysical Journal. 555: 232. arXiv:astro-ph/0103099. Bibcode:2001ApJ...555..232R. doi:10.1086/321453.
  7. ^ a b Kilborn V.A.; et al. (September 2002). "An Extragalactic H I Cloud with No Optical Counterpart?". The Astronomical Journal. 120 (3): 1342. arXiv:astro-ph/0005267. Bibcode:2000AJ....120.1342K. doi:10.1086/301542.
  8. ^ Banks D.G.; et al. (October 1999). "New Galaxies Discovered in the First Blind H I Survey of the Centaurus A Group". The Astrophysical Journal. 524 (2): 612. arXiv:astro-ph/9906146. Bibcode:1999ApJ...524..612B. doi:10.1086/307854.