HJ-12

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HJ-12
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Service history
Used by See Users
Production history
Manufacturer NORINCO
Produced 2014 – Present
Specifications
Weight 22 kg (49 lb) (carry weight)
17 kg (37 lb) (missile)
5 kg (11 lb) (IIR/EO targeting sight)[1]
Length Missile: 0.98 m (3.2 ft)
Launch tube: 1.2 m (3.9 ft)
Diameter Missile: 13.5 cm (5.3 in)
Launch tube: 17 cm (6.7 in)

Effective firing range 4,000 m (2.5 mi) (daytime)[1]
2,000 m (1.2 mi) (nighttime)[1]
Warhead Tandem shaped charge HEAT
Detonation
mechanism
Impact force

Engine Solid fuel rocket
Guidance
system
infrared homing, CCD

The Hongjian-12 ("红箭-12" transliterated as "Red Arrow-12") is a third generation, man-portable, fire-and-forget infrared homing anti-tank missile of China. It was unveiled at the Eurosatory 2014 exhibition.[2]

Design[edit]

The HJ-12 is a modern, third generation anti-tank missile developed by China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO). The HJ-12 is a fire-and-forget system utilizing Lock-On Before Launch (LOBL) and is capable of being fired within buildings and bunkers due to its soft launch system. Once launched, it will home autonomously onto its target, allowing the operator to immediately take cover or reload to engage another target. The warhead uses a tandem shaped charge design with an estimated penetration capability of up to 1,100 mm (43 in) of rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) after penetrating explosive reactive armor.[2] When facing non-armored point targets, bunkers and fortifications, the missile can be fitted with either high-explosive or thermal effect warheads. Its fire-and-forget technology will reduce the number of anti-tank operators needed on a battlefield, which lowers probable casualties. When engaging enemy tanks and armored vehicles, the HJ-12 aims to destroy the top of its targets, the more vulnerable point. Its design appears to be a combination of the Javelin and the Spike.[3]

The HJ-12 is China's first portable anti-tank missile, increasing the ability of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force to have more modern and mobile infantry forces. It is intended to enable China to match up with anti-tank missile developments made by Western and Russian armies, like the FGM-148 Javelin and AT-13 Saxhorn-2. The missile is also available for export to armies in developing countries that would need to contend with third-generation main battle tanks, but the number of potential buyers is likely small due to its higher cost.[4]

Users[edit]

See also[edit]

Similar weapons
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes