|Hong Jian (Red Arrow) - 9|
A HJ-9 missile system mounted on a WZ550 4x4 vehicle.
|Type||anti-tank and air-to-surface missiles|
|Place of origin||China|
|In service||1990s to present|
|Warhead||Tandem HEAT warhead, 1100-1200 mm penetration RHAe|
|100 – 5500 meters|
|laser-beam-riding & MMW radar|
|Air & ground|
The missile was developed by China North Industries Corporation (Norinco), and one of the chief designers was Yang Chunming (杨春铭). It is similar in appearance to the Israeli MAPATS (man portable anti-tank system), causing speculation about the link between the two missiles. It is also similar to the South African ZT3 Ingwe antitank missile, and like its Israeli and South African counterparts, its guidance is laser-beam-riding.
The maximum range is up to 5.5 km (3.4 mi), while the minimum range is 100 m (110 yd), and the missile is said to be more powerful than the HJ-8. The AFT-9A's laser-guided missile claims to have an armor penetration of 1,200mm. This makes the AFT-9A a true tank killer that can penetrate all types of armor currently in use. When facing non-armored point targets, bunkers and fortifications, the AFT-9A's missile can be fitted with either high-explosive warheads or thermal effect warheads. The missile can be fired from one platform. Like the HJ-8, the HJ-9 utilizes a disposable container/launching tube, but the one for HJ-9 is heavier, weighing 37 kg (82 lb) because HJ-9 is larger than HJ-8. The diameter of the HJ-9 is 152 mm (6.0 in) and the missile is compatible with a variety of thermal imaging sights.
In 2005, Norinco revealed in various public events that another version of HJ-9, the HJ-9A was already in service with Chinese armed forces, and this version used semi-active millimetre wave radar guidance. However, only photos of HJ-9A in service with Chinese paratroops were shown to the public. In these photos, the HJ-9A launcher is mounted on a jeep, and Norinco claimed the launcher on vehicles could be rapidly dismounted for foot soldiers.
Norinco also revealed a further-developed advanced version of the HJ-9A, designated HJ-9B.
- JIW, p. 448. The main article page mentions a 5000 meter range while the specifications for the article indicate "up to 5500 meters".
- HJ-9 ATM
- (JIW) Jones, Richard D. and Ness, Leland (eds.), Jane's Infantry Weapons 2007-2008, Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group Ltd., 2007.
- (JAA) Foss, Christopher F. (ed.), Jane's Armour and Artillery 2007-2008, London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 2008.