Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi

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HJK
HJK Helsinki Logo.svg
Full name Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi
Nickname(s) Klubi (The Club)
Founded 19 June 1907; 108 years ago (1907-06-19)
Ground Sonera Stadium,
Helsinki
Ground Capacity 10,770
Chairman Olli-Pekka Lyytikäinen
Manager Mika Lehkosuo
League Veikkausliiga
2014 Veikkausliiga, 1st
Current season

Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi (literally "The Football Club of Helsinki", simply known as HJK and HJK Helsinki) is a professional football club based in Helsinki, Finland. Founded in 1907, the club has spent most of it's history in the top tier of Finnish football. The club's home ground is the 10,770-seat Sonera Stadium, where they have played since 2000. [1]

Generally considered Finland's biggest club, HJK is the most successful Finnish club in terms of championship titles with 27. The club has also won twelve Finnish Cups and five Finnish League Cups. Many of Finland's most successful players have played for HJK before moving abroad.

HJK is the only Finnish club that has participated in the UEFA Champions League group stage. In 1998 they beat FC Metz in the playoff round to clinch their place in the competition for the following season. HJK has also participated in the UEFA Europa League in 2014, beating SK Rapid Wien in the playoff round. The club's highest score in a European competition came during the 2011–12 season, with a 13–0 aggregate victory over Welsh champions Bangor City, which included a 10–0 win at home.

HJK's regular kit colors have long been blue and white shirts with blue shorts and socks. The club's crest has been nearly untouched for a century, it has only undergone one minor font change in order to modernize it.

History[edit]

The Club was founded as "Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi – Helsingfors Fotbollsklubb" in 1907 by Fredrik Wathén. The founding meeting was held at a bowling alley in Kaisaniemi Park in May. First match was played against Ekenäs IF in Ekenäs, HJK won the match 2–4. From early on, HJK became popular amongst Finnish speaking students while Swedish speaking students preferred to play mainly for Unitas or HIFK. In late 1908 after a heated debate, the language was switched to unilingually Finnish and this resulted in many Swedish speaking members switching over to HIFK and other clubs although a few chose to stay.

HJK squad that won the club's first championship in 1911.

In 1909 the colours blue and white were chosen to support the fennoman movement and bandy was introduced as the club's second official sport. The club moved from Kaisaniemi Ground to the new Eläintarha Stadium, at end of the year Fredrik Wathen was forced to leave his post as the club's chairman due to his illness and in 1910 Lauri Tanner became the longest running club chairman to date. Same year first international match was played against Eriksdals IF from Stockholm in Kaisaniemi. The first championship title was won in 1911. In 1915 the club moved to newly build Töölön Pallokenttä. In 1916 tennis was introduced as the third official sport in HJK, and it was played in the club until early 1920s. During the Finnish civil war in 1918 HJK lost two club members, both fighting for the white side.

Sonera Stadium, located in the Töölö district of Helsinki.

In 1921 the first bandy championship was won and during the following five seasons HJK reached five finals winning three more titles. Bowling was added to the club's repertoire in 1925, but the bowlers formed their own club Helsingin Keilaajat the following year. In 1928 ice hockey became an official sport and the first championship was won in 1929. League format was introduced to Finnish football in 1930 but HJK failed to qualify for the first season. In 1931 HJK played their first season in the league but at the end of the season they got relegated.

Nabil Bahoui of AIK Fotboll taking on HJK winger Demba Savage during a friendly match between the two teams in March 2013.

During the Second World War HJK lost 22 members serving in the military of which nine fell in the Winter War, twelve in the Continuation War and one in the Lapland War. In 1943 handball was introduced as the club's sixth official sport. HJK won one silver and two bronze medals in handball during the following three seasons but did not gain further success. Handball was first of HJK's sports where women also competed, womens' team played a total of 22 seasons at the highest level, their best finish being fourth.

In 1963 HJK played their last ever season in the second level of the football pyramid, winning 20 out of 22 matches and scoring 127 goals. In 1964 the newly promoted team won their tenth championship title and following year the first European cup match was played against Manchester United at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. However, a 2–9 loss on aggregate threw the Helsinki based club out of the competition.

In 1966 the club secured their first ever cup title by winning KTP 6–1 in the final in front of 7000 spectators. Bandy section was disbanded in the late 1960s. The last official sport, figure skating, was added into the club's repertoire in 1966 but it was abolished soon after in 1972. The ice hockey section was also disbanded in 1972 and the last season in handball was played in 1978. From this moment on the HJK were again a football only club after 69 years of being a multisport club.

1998 saw HJK to be the first and to date only Finnish club to play in the UEFA Champions League, triumphing over FC Metz in the second qualifying round. The club also managed a respectable five points in their group, beating Benfica at home and earning draws at home to Kaiserslautern and away to Benfica. They lost to PSV Eindhoven twice and to Kaiserslautern away.

The club's current home stadium, Sonera Stadium, was opened in 2000. The twentieth championship title was won in 2002 and in 2008 the club won its tenth cup title. 2009 was a start of a never before seen and still continuing championship run has resulted in six titles in a row so far.

In 2014 HJK became the first Finnish club to play in the UEFA Europa League group stage after winning Rapid Wien in the playoff round. HJK won Torino FC and FC Copenhagen at home and finished third in the group with six points.[2][3][4]

The Club made several acquisitions during the winter of 2015, including Córdoba forward Mike Havenaar, J-league playmaker Atomu Tanaka and Birmingham City holding midfielder Guy Moussi. With the new signings on their side, HJK began the season on a high by winning the league cup, a feat they had not accomplished since 1998. HJK also played it's first local derby against HIFK Fotboll since 1972 in April, drawing 1–1.

Honours[edit]

Football[edit]

  • Finnish Championship:
    • Winners (27): 1911, 1912, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1923, 1925, 1936, 1938, 1964, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1992, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014
    • Runners-up (13): 1921, 1933, 1937, 1939, 1956, 1965, 1966, 1982, 1983, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006
  • Finnish Cup:
    • Winners (12): 1966, 1981, 1984, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2014
    • Runners-up (5): 1975, 1985, 1990, 1994, 2010
  • Finnish League Cup:
    • Winners (5): 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2015
    • Runners-up (3): 1995, 2009, 2012
  • Finnish Women's Championship:
    • Winners (22): 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1991. 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2005

Ice hockey[edit]

  • Finnish Championship:
    • Winners (3): 1929, 1932, 1935
    • Runners-up (6): 1931, 1933, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1972
  • Finnish Cup:
    • Winners (1): 1970

Bandy[edit]

Figure Skating[edit]

  • Finnish Champions
    • Pia Wingisaar: 1966, 1967
    • Anuliisa Numminen: 1970
    • Tarja Säde: 1971
    • Tarja Näsi: 1972

League History[edit]

Season to Season[edit]

.[5][6]

Supporters and Rivalries[edit]

Historically HJK had a wide support within Finnish speaking middle class of Helsinki. Club's supporters were often nationalistic after the fashion of almost every other SPL club at the time. Leftist working class' clubs played their own leagues and competitions under TUL. However, The Club remained to stay open to all honorable citizens regardless of their native language, race or social class, and always had members from other communities as well. Before the 1970s HJK came to be known especially as a Töölöan club due to most of their activity taking place in this particular district.

During recent decades the club's notable image as a middle class' bunch from Töölö has disappeared due to social changes in Finland as well as migration from inner city to housing projects built during the mass migration from the countryside during the 1960s and the 1970s.[7][8]

The Stadin derby and other local rivalries[edit]

HJK's main rivals in Helsinki were widely considered to be Kiffen, HPS and HIFK. In the past these were the four big clubs from Helsinki. The clubs were mainly separated by language, HJK and HPS being Finnish speaking clubs whereas HIFK and KIF were Swedish speaking, and to some extent by neighborhoods. These four clubs competed also in bandy, ice hockey and handball. The support for HJK mainly came from around the city center and in later years also from Töölö, HPS' support was mostly active around Vallila and Alppila districts. KIF and HPS were both struggling to survive and were both relegated to lower leagues after 1964 season and rapidly lost their support. KIF made a brief stint to first level in 1977–78.

HJK squad in 1964.

HJK and HIFK share the biggest rivalry being two of the oldest and most successful clubs. Both were also successful in Bandy which was major winter sport in the first half of the 20th century, KIF and HPS gained lesser success. Also in Ice Hockey clubs faced numerous times and played more seasons in first level than HPS or KIF. A match between these two clubs is called as Stadin derby. Language was the biggest separating factor between the clubs, HIFK was the club of choice for the Swedish speaking population of the city and HJK for the Finnish speaking. In 2015 HIFK was promoted back to the top flight after 40 years of struggling in the lower leagues having played their last season in the top division in 1972. Since HJK ceased their activity in other sports during 1960s and 1970s the rivalry faded away on a large scale and in recent decades many even supported both clubs at the same time, HJK in football and HIFK in ice hockey. However due to the rise of the Finnish supporter scene in the 2000s, there is a high tension between the most vocal supporters.

HJK shared a short but fierce rivalry with FC Jokerit around the late 1990s and the early 2000s. Jokerit were well supported due to their popular ice hockey section and the clubs also competed against each other in ice hockey in the late 1960s and the early 1970s. [9] [10][11]

Multiple Helsinki based clubs have played in the league but due to their short term visits and relatively low support base large scale rivalries were never born. Some notable clubs were Ponnistus, FinnPa, Pallo-Pojat and Helsingin Toverit

[12][13][14][15][16][17]

Helsinki-Lahti rivalry[edit]

HJK has competed against Lahti based clubs from the 1960s, between 1964 and 1980 HJK and Lahden Reipas had a minor rivalry as both clubs gained good success winning some titles and were also generally well supported. Reipas also won seven cup titles against one of HJK. Reipas was relegated after 1980 season. More notable rivalry was against Kuusysi from the early 1980s to the mid-1990s. Between 1981 and 1992 HJK won six league titles against Kuusysi's five, both clubs also won the cup twice, facing two times in the finals (which were both won by HJK). Both clubs also performed well in the European competitions. In 1996 both the Lahti clubs merged and FC Lahti was born, HJK and FC Lahti matches are more known from outside pitch activities, some crowd disturbances and small fights have occurred[18] which otherwise are rare in Finnish football. Due to a relatively short distance between the two cities, these matches often draw more notable away support than others.

HJK-Haka rivalry[edit]

HJK and Valkeakosken Haka are the two most successful clubs in Finnish football, HJK with 27 league and 12 cup titles and Haka with 9 league and 12 cup titles. The match is also considered as "urban vs. rural" rivalry as HJK is a club from Finland's biggest city Helsinki and Haka is representing the small town of Valkeakoski.

Current squad[edit]

As of 31 August 2015.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Sweden GK Daniel Örlund
3 Ghana DF Gideon Baah
4 Finland DF Juhani Ojala (on loan from Terek Grozny)
5 Finland DF Tapio Heikkilä
6 Finland DF Markus Heikkinen (captain)
7 Finland MF Lucas Lingman
8 The Gambia FW Demba Savage
10 Japan MF Atomu Tanaka
11 Finland DF Veli Lampi
13 Finland MF Toni Kolehmainen
15 Finland DF Roni Peiponen
17 Finland FW Nikolai Alho
18 The Gambia FW Ousman Jallow
No. Position Player
20 Finland MF Matti Klinga
21 Germany GK Thomas Dähne
22 Guinea-Bissau MF Formose Mendy
26 Finland MF Obed Malolo
27 Finland DF Sebastian Sorsa
28 Finland MF Rasmus Schüller
33 Nigeria DF Taye Taiwo
35 Finland GK Saku-Pekka Sahlgren
80 Finland FW Erfan Zeneli
91 France MF Guy Moussi
95 Brazil FW Ademir Candido (on loan from Ituano)
99 Senegal FW Macoumba Kandji

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Finland FW Joel Pohjanpalo (on loan at Fortuna Düsseldorf)

Management and boardroom[edit]

Management[edit]

As of 22 May 2015[19]

Name Role
Finland Mika Lehkosuo Head Coach
Finland Toni Koskela Coach
Finland Vesa Vasara Coach
Finland Ville Wallén Goalkeeping Coach
Finland Jaakko Piensoho Fitness Coach, Physiotherapist
Finland Tony Elomaa Physiotherapist
Finland Tuomas Brinck Doctor
Finland Tuomo Nissi Kit Manager
Finland Markku Peltoniemi Team Manager

Boardroom[edit]

As of 22 May 2015[20]

Name Role
Finland Aki Riihilahti CEO
Finland Kari Haapiainen Vice CEO
Finland Tuomo Saarnio Director of Sport

Coaches[edit]

European campaigns[edit]

Season Competition Round Country Club Score Agg. Notes
1965–66 European Cup First round England Manchester United 2–3, 0–6 2–9
1967–68 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Poland Wisla Kraków 1–4, 0–4 1–8
1974–75 European Cup First round Malta Valletta 0–1, 4–1 4–2
Second round Sweden Åtvidabergs FF 0–3, 0–1 0–4
1975–76 UEFA Cup Prel. round Germany Hertha Berlin 1–4, 1–2 2–6
1979–80 European Cup First round Netherlands Ajax Amsterdam 1–8, 1–8 2–16
1982–83 European Cup First round Cyprus Omonia 0–2, 3–0 3–2
Second round England Liverpool 1–0, 0–5 1–5
1983–84 UEFA Cup Prel. round Soviet Union Spartak Moscow 0–2, 0–5 0–7
1984–85 UEFA Cup Prel. round Soviet Union Dinamo Minsk 0–4, 0–6 0–10
1985–86 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Albania Flamurtari Vlorë 3–2, 2–1 5–3
Second round East Germany Dynamo Dresden 1–0, 2–7 3–7
1986–87 European Cup First round Cyprus APOEL 0–1, 3–2 3–3 Away goal
1988–89 European Cup First round Portugal FC Porto 0–3, 2–0 2–3
1989–90 European Cup First round Italy AC Milan 0–4, 0–1 0–5
1991–92 European Cup First round Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv 0–1, 0–3 0–4
1993–94 UEFA Champions League Qualification round Estonia Norma Tallinn 1–0, 1–1 2–1
First round Belgium Anderlecht 0–3, 0–3 0–6
1994–95 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Faroe Islands B71 Sandur 5–0, 2–0 7–0
Second round Turkey Beşiktaş 0–2, 1–1 1–3
1995 UEFA Intertoto Cup Group 5 France Bordeaux 1–1 1–1 Placed 3rd
Republic of Ireland Bohemians 3–2 3–2
Sweden IFK Norrköping 1–1 1–1
Denmark OB Odense 1–2 1–2
1996–97 UEFA Cup Prel. round Armenia Pyunik Yerevan 1–3, 5–2 6–5
First round Ukraine Chernomorets Odessa 2–2, 0–2 2–4
1997–98 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup First round Serbia and Montenegro Red Star Belgrade 1–0, 0–3 1–3
1998–99 UEFA Champions League First round Armenia FC Yerevan 2–0, 3–0 5–0
Second round France FC Metz 1–0, 1–1
Group F Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 1–2, 1–3 Placed 4th
Germany 1. FC Kaiserslautern 0–0, 2–5
Portugal Benfica 2–0, 2–2
1999–00 UEFA Cup Qual. round Armenia Shirak Gyumri 2–0, 0–1 2–1
First round France Lyon 0–1, 1–5 1–6
2000–01 UEFA Cup Qual. round Luxembourg CS Grevenmacher 4–1, 0–2 4–3
First round Scotland Celtic 0–2, 2–1 2–3 After extra time
2001–02 UEFA Cup Qual. round Latvia FK Ventspils 2–1, 1–0 3–1
First round Italy Parma 0–1, 0–2 0–3
2002–03 UEFA Cup Qual. round Belarus FC Gomel 0–1, 0–4 0–5
2003–04 UEFA Champions League First qual. round Northern Ireland Glentoran 0–0, 1–0 1–0
Second qual. round Hungary MTK Budapest 1–3, 1–0 2–3
2004–05 UEFA Champions League First qual. round Northern Ireland Linfield 1–0, 1–0 2–0
Second qual. round Israel Maccabi Tel Aviv 0–0, 0–1 0–1
2006–07 UEFA Cup Qual. round Republic of Ireland Drogheda United 1–1, 1–3 2–4
2007–08 UEFA Cup First qual. round Luxembourg FC Etzella Ettelbruck 2–0, 1–0 3–0
Second qual. round Denmark Aalborg BK 2–1, 0–3 2–4
2009–10 UEFA Europa League Second qual. round Lithuania FK Vėtra 1–0, 1–3 2–3
2010–11 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Lithuania FK Ekranas 0–1, 2–0 2–1 After extra time
Third qual. round Serbia FK Partizan 0–3, 1–2 1–5
2010–11 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Turkey Beşiktaş 0–2, 0–4 0–6
2011–12 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Wales Bangor City 3–0,10–0 13–0
Third qual. round Croatia Dinamo Zagreb 1–2, 0–1 1–3
2011–12 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Germany Schalke 04 2–0, 1–6 3–6
2012–13 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Iceland KR Reykjavik 7–0, 2–1 9–1
Third qual. round Scotland Celtic 1–2, 0–2 1–4
2012–13 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Spain Athletic Bilbao 0–6, 3–3 3–9
2013–14 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Estonia Nõmme Kalju 0–0, 1–2 1–2
2014–15 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Republic of Macedonia FK Rabotnički 0–0, 2–1 2–1
Third qual. round Cyprus APOEL 2–2, 0–2 2–4
2014–15 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Austria SK Rapid Wien 2–1, 3–3 5–4
Group B Denmark Copenhagen 0–2, 2–1 Placed 3rd
Belgium Club Brugge 0–3, 1–2
Italy Torino 0–2, 2–1
2015–16 UEFA Champions League Second qual. round Latvia FK Ventspils 3–1, 1–0 4–1
Third qual. round Kazakhstan Astana 0–0, 3–4 3–4
2015–16 UEFA Europa League Play-off round Russia Krasnodar 1–5, 0–0 1–5

UEFA club competition record[edit]

As of 23 July 2015.

Competition Pld W D L GF GA
ECCC 62 24 8 30 87 95
ECWC 12 6 1 5 18 24
UCUP / UEL 44 14 3 27 44 91
UI 4 1 2 1 6 6
Total 122 45 14 63 151 216

UEFA Club Ranking[edit]

This is the current UEFA Club Ranking, including season 2015–16.[21]

Last update: 14 July 2015

Rank Team Points
133 Romania FC Vaslui 11.251
134 Denmark FC Nordsjælland 10.870
135 Azerbaijan Garabag Agdam 10.750
136 Moldova Sheriff Tiraspol 10.500
137 Finland HJK 10.380
138 Turkey Bursaspor 10.260
139 Norway Molde FK 10.200
Norway Rosenborg BK 10.200
141 Ukraine Vorskla Poltava 10.176

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hjk.fi/V2/palvelut/sonerastadium
  2. ^ Aalto, Seppo ym: Tähtien tarina: Helsingin jalkapalloklubi 100 vuotta. Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi, 2007. ISBN 978-952-92-2062-5.
  3. ^ Tuhkunen, Yrjö: Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi 1907–1957. Helsinki: Laatupaino Oy, 1957.
  4. ^ http://www.hjk.fi/
  5. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/finhist.html
  6. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesf/fin2hist.html
  7. ^ Tuhkunen, Yrjö: Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi 1907–1957. Helsinki: Laatupaino Oy, 1957.
  8. ^ Aalto, Seppo ym: Tähtien tarina: Helsingin jalkapalloklubi 100 vuotta. Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi, 2007. ISBN 978-952-92-2062-5.
  9. ^ http://www.urheilumuseo.fi/portals/47/veikkausliiga/seurat/jokerit.htm
  10. ^ http://huippufutistaboriksenmitalla.blogspot.fi/2012/01/arkiston-katkoista-osa-1-koko-kansan.html
  11. ^ http://www.jokerit.com/kaikki-alkoi-toolon-vesasta
  12. ^ http://jalkapallolehti.fi/vieraalle-maalle/
  13. ^ http://jalkapallolehti.fi/yhdella-jalalla/
  14. ^ http://hifkfotboll.fi/punaisia-hetkia-olympiastadionilla/
  15. ^ http://www.hs.fi/urheilu/a1409578086197
  16. ^ Tuhkunen, Yrjö: Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi 1907–1957. Helsinki: Laatupaino Oy, 1957.
  17. ^ Aalto, Seppo ym: Tähtien tarina: Helsingin jalkapalloklubi 100 vuotta. Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi, 2007. ISBN 978-952-92-2062-5.
  18. ^ http://www.mtv3.fi/uutiset/rikos.shtml/2009/03/842364/taas-joukkotappelu-hjk-lahti--ottelussa ,p. 3.
  19. ^ "VALMENNUS" (in Finnish). HJK Helsinki. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  20. ^ "YHTEYSTIEDOT" (in Finnish). HJK Helsinki. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  21. ^ "UEFA Team Ranking 2016". www.xs4all.nl. 7 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 

External links[edit]